Solidago gigantea

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Solidago gigantea Aiton
Common Name:Giant Goldenrod; Late Goldenrod
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SOGI
Plant Notes:Giant Goldenrod is a native perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It occurs statewide in Alabama. Giant Goldenrod grows along streams, in wet ditches, in bogs, and in seeps. It is a perennial with short rhizomes. Stems are solitary or in small clusters. Stems are unbranched or branched near the top, and 5-7 feet tall. The stems are glabrous and glaucous. Leaves are alternate, sessile, lanceolate in outline, with serrate margins. The leaves are glabrous and have 3 prominent veins. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in a secund pyramid shaped paniculiform array at the stem apex. Ray flowers are 9-15 and yellow in color. The disc flowers are yellow. The fruit is an achene. Giant Goldenrod is one of our first species of Goldenrod to flower. The early flowering time along with its large size and wetland habitat make this species fairly easy to identify. Giant Goldenrod provides food for the caterpillars of many Noctuid, Geometer, Tortricid, and Gelechiid moths. Various species feed on the flowers, developing seeds, pith of stems, and roots. Goldenrod flowers are also attractive to a wide range of insects, including many bees and butterflies. Giant Goldenrod is available from some nurseries that sell native plants. It can also be grown from seed. Giant Goldenrod prefers full sun and a moist or wet loamy soil. Plants many have to be staked to keep them upright. Goldenrod has been wrongly associated with allergies. Goldenrods are insect pollinated and have heavy, sticky pollen. Allergies are caused by pollen from wind pollinated species such as Ragweed and Marsh Elder. These species often grow in the same locations as Goldenrods but go unnoticed due to their inconspicuous flowers.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Solidago
Species Solidago gigantea Aiton - Giant Goldenrod; Late Goldenrod

Citation

Citation SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 211. 1789.
Basionym: **
Type: Cult. in England, without data, Miller s.n. (holotype: BM).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aster latissimifolius var. serotinus Aster latissimifolius (Miller) Kuntze, var. serotinus Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 314. 1891.Solidago serotina Aiton 1789, non Retzius 1781. 
Doria dumetorum Doria dumetorum (Lunell) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 43. 1917.Solidago dumetorum Lunell 1911. 
Doria pitcheri Doria pitcheri (Nuttall) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 43. 1917.Solidago pitcheri Nuttall 1834. 
Solidago cleliae Solidago cleliae de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 331. 1836.  
Solidago dumetorum Solidago dumetorum Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 57. 1911. NORTH DAKOTA: Bottineau Co.: Turtle Mountains, 23 Jul 1902, Lunell s.n. (holotype: MIN).
Solidago gigantea subsp. serotina Solidago gigantea Aiton, subsp. serotina (Kuntze) McNeill, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 67: 280. 1973.Aster latissimifolius (Miller) Kuntze, var. serotinus Kuntze 1891; Solidago serotina Aiton 1789, non Retzius 1781. 
Solidago gigantea var. leiophylla Solidago gigantea Aiton, var. leiophylla Fernald, Rhodora 41: 457. 1939, nom. illegit.Aster latissimifolius (Miller) Kuntze, var. serotinus Kuntze 1891; Solidago serotina Aiton 1789, non Retzius 1781. 
Solidago gigantea var. pitcheri Solidago gigantea Aiton, var. pitcheri (Nuttall) Shinners, Rhodora 55: 322. 1953.Solidago pitcheri Nuttall 1834. 
Solidago gigantea var. serotina Solidago gigantea Aiton, var. serotina (Kuntze) Cronquist, in C. L. Hitchcock et al., Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 5: 306. 1955.Aster latissimifolius (Miller) Kuntze, var. serotinus Kuntze 1891; Solidago serotina Aiton 1789, non Retzius 1781. 
Solidago glabra Solidago glabra Desfontaines, Tabl. Ecole Bot., ed. 3. 402. 1829, non Miller 1768. Cult. in France,
Solidago pitcheri Solidago pitcheri Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 101. 1834. OKLAHOMA [mis-cited as "Arkansas"]: Muskogee Co.: Near Fort Gibson, s.d., Pitcher s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by C. E. S. Taylor & R. J. Taylor, Sida 10: 232. 1984.
Solidago serotina var. minor Solidago serotina Aiton, var. minor Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 2. 1834. CANADA: Saskatchewan:
Solidago somesii Solidago somesii Rydberg, Brittonia 1: 101. 1931. IOWA: Johnson Co.: Elmira, 24 Aug 1909, Somes 3687 (holotype: NY).
Solidago serotina Solidago serotina Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 211. 1789, non Retzius 1781. Cult. in England, without data, Miller s.n. (holotype: BM).
Solidago serotina var. gigantea Solidago serotina Aiton, var. gigantea (Aiton) A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 196. 1882.Solidago gigantea Aiton 1789. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, NY, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2015 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000036151 Bullock 02 Aug 2012 Bailee Dykes
1160
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122737 Calhoun 2 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12033
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000043430 Hale 23 Aug 2015 Brian R. Keener
9166
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000029235 Montgomery 08 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20917
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0009346 Butler 10 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19764
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
UNA00069767 Jackson 24 Sep 2009 T. Wayne Barger
455
UNA
Solidago gigantea Ait.
JSU122869 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3452
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122862 Calhoun 3 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11822
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000033645 Barbour 20 Aug 2011 Derek Morrison
27
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122863 Lawrence 14 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3733
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0009350 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18449
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
NY02352315 Baldwin 02 Aug 1904 Samuel M. Tracy
8030
NY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0039289 Houston 04 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27593
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0010692 Montgomery 28 Aug 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22460
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000002845 Dale 28 Sep 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1068
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
AUA000007616 Randolph 17 AUG 1986 NIXON, C. F.
2724
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
UNA00061294 Calhoun 27 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11770
UNA
Solidago gigantea Ait. var. gigantea
TROY000041605 Pike 26 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25471
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000016255 Butler 10 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19764
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UNA00027657 Tuscaloosa _-_-1878 G. R. Vasey
s.n.
UNA
Solidago gigantea Ait. var. gigantea
TROY000016258 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18190
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0009351 Montgomery 08 Sep 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20917
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
UNA00049527 Hale 17 Jul 1965 Sherrie E. Maginness
84
UNA
Solidago gigantea Ait. var. gigantea
JSU122867 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3452
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122738 Calhoun 24 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12013
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000033644 Barbour 20 Aug 2011 Derek Morrison
27
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0009348 Crenshaw 02 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19698
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
NY02352317 Baldwin 02 Aug 1904 Samuel M. Tracy
8030
NY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0019319 Pickens 22 Aug 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8559
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
UWAL0016658 Pike 26 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25471
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122866 Marshall 20 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2683
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
AUA000007611 Choctaw 25 AUG 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1163
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
JSU122739 Calhoun 24 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11980
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000044597 Geneva 17 Aug 2017 Cameron Byrd
1397
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000030103 Escambia 28 Oct 2008 Curtis J. Hansen
3604
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000029313 Conecuh 15 Aug 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20870
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0009347 Conecuh 15 Aug 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20870
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
TROY000034220 Montgomery 28 Aug 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22460
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000043686 Houston 04 Aug 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27593
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122868 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3552
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000033643 Barbour 20 Aug 2011 Derek Morrison
27
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122740 Calhoun 24 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11980
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000016334 Cleburne 04 Aug 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11523
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
TROY000002844 Bullock 12 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13583
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0015316 St. Clair 21 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5993
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
TROY000002818 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
843
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
AUA000024736 Escambia 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3604
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
JSU122871 Tuscaloosa 19 Aug 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10818
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
AUA000007612 Choctaw 25 AUG 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1163
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
TROY000016257 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18449
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122865 Limestone 3 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18310
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UNA00059275 Cleburne 4 Aug 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11523
UNA
Solidago gigantea Ait. var. gigantea
UWAL0030211 Hale 23 Aug 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9166
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Ait.
TROY000002843 Barbour 03 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12051
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
NY02352316 Montgomery Aug 1888 Michael G. McCarthy
s.n.
NY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0030021 Morgan 22 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5662
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Aiton
AUA000030671 Morgan 22 AUG 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5662
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
JSU122870 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3452
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
AUA000007613 DeKalb 20 AUG 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
423
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
TROY000016256 Crenshaw 03 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19698
TROY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122861 Calhoun 3 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11822
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
JSU122864 Lawrence 17 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3810A
JSU
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0036117 Fayette 11 Aug 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9136
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UNA00069722 Escambia 28 Oct 2008 C. J. Hansen
3604
UNA
Solidago gigantea Ait.
AUA000007615 Marengo 15 AUG 1985 TAYLOR, JOHN
33637
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
NY02352318 Clay 25 Aug 1897 Franklin Sumner Earle
1008
NY
Solidago gigantea Aiton
UWAL0014757 Bullock 02 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1160
UWAL
Solidago gigantea Aiton
AUA000007614 Jefferson 25 NOV 1972 EADS, BETH
139
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
AUA000007617 Randolph 17 AUG 1986 NIXON, C. F.
2724
AUA
SOLIDAGO GIGANTEA AITON
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