Asplenium pinnatifidum

Family:ASPLENIACEAE
Species:Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
Common Name:Lobed Spleenwort
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Lobed Spleenwort is a native perennial evergreen fern in the Spleenwort family (Aspleniaceae). It is native to the northern half of Alabama. Lobed Spleenwort grows in pockets of soil or moss on cliffs, on ledges, and on boulders of sandstone and other acidic rocks. It is a perennial from a short, often forked rhizome. The stem is erect or short creeping with reddish brown scales. The fronds (leaves) are deltoid in outline with long tapering tips, irregularly lobed or pinnatifid, often with 1 pair of basal pinnae, and pubescent on the lower surface. The petiole is dark reddish brown fading to green. The rachis is green. The fronds are monomorphic (sterile and fertile fronds of the same size and shape). Lobed Spleenwort reproduces by forming spores in sporangia located on the under surface of the leaf. The sporangia are grouped together in clusters called sori. The sori are covered by a thin flap of tissue known as the indusium. The sori often merge with age. Lobed Spleenwort is an allotetraploid derived from the hybrid of Mountain Spleenwort (Asplenium montanum Willdenow) and the Walking Fern (Asplenium rhizophyllum Linnaeus). This hybrid then underwent chromosome doubling. The hybrid has not been found in nature, but has been created in the lab. Lobed Spleenwort forms hybrids with Mountain Spleenwort (Asplenium montanum Willdenow) producing Trudell's Spleenwort (Asplenium ×trudellii Wherry); with Bradley's Spleenwort (Asplenium bradleyi D.C. Eaton) producing Grave's Spleenwort (Asplenium ×gravesii Maxon); with Ebony Spleenwort Asplenium platyneuron (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg ) producing Asplenium ×kentuckiense McCoy), and with Maidenhair Spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes Linnaeus) producing Asplenium ×herb-wagneri W. C. Taylor & Mohlenbrock).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASPLENIACEAE - Spleenwort family
Genus Asplenium
Species Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall - Lobed Spleenwort

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Cherokee, Colbert, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Morgan, Shelby, St. Clair, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1941 - 1941

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU102549 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
SAMF0006228 Blount 05 Apr 1956 Avery, J.C.
s.n.
SAMF
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
JSU102551 Jefferson 17 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12512
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
JSU102544 Winston 06 May 1978 Kral, Robert
61658
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
JSU102557 Cullman 11 Mar 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
570
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
AUA_ACC_35174 Winston 12 Jul 1978 Glick, J.I.
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNA00052316 Jackson 12 Jul 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UWAL0036991 Winston 19 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7207
UWAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052311 Franklin 7 Sep 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102555 DeKalb 21 Apr 1968 Collier, Gary
s.n.
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
JSU102547 St. Clair 09 Feb 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
524
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
JSU102556 Cullman 11 Mar 1984 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052312 Lawrence 31 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102552 Jefferson 17 Jan 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1254
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052315 Madison 26 Mar 1906 Harper, Roland M.
58
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNA00065265 Lawrence 7 Apr 2003 England, J. Kevin
371
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102554 Etowah 20 Mar 1987 Alford, J. Erik
057
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052313 Madison 23 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
617
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UWAL0001126 Madison 07 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5052
UWAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNA00052320 Bibb 20 Jul 1877 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
AUA_ACC_9994 Winston 31 Jul 1961 Hawkins, U.H.
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
AMAL00005305 Cherokee 19 Apr 1987 Dickson, Catherine C.
222
AMAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
SAMF0006227 Jefferson 09 Oct 1985 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2437
SAMF
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052318 Cherokee 18 Nov 1979 Cressler, Alan
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UWAL0001127 St. Clair 03 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4560
UWAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
AUA_ACC_5706 Anonymous
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
AUA_ACC_71964 Jackson 21 Apr 1999 Short, John W.
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102546 St. Clair 15 Oct 1983 Nixon, Christopher F.
510
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00025632 Colbert 29 Jun 1941 Shaw, James W.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNA00052310 Franklin 5 Jul 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102545 Winston 18 Sep 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6416
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UWAL0036804 Marion 11 Apr 2017 Keener, Brian R.
9977
UWAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
JSU102548 St. Clair 09 Feb 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
524
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
AMAL00019879 Marion 14 Jul 1982 Short, John W. (Jack)
1257
AMAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
ALNHS00000605 Cullman 11 May 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#298
ALNHS
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNA00052309 Winston 18 Jul 1954 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102550 Jefferson 09 Feb 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1269
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00065337 Winston 29 Apr 2005 England, J. Kevin
348
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNAF0001073 Colbert 09 Nov 1986 Reynolds, W.H.
s.n.
UNAF
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052317 Marion 11 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35434
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
ALNHS00001186 Winston 14 Aug 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#690
ALNHS
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
AUA_ACC_32548 Winston 3 Aug 1976 Short, John W.
791
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
UWAL0050837 Jefferson 11 Aug 1965 Wimberly, Margaret T.
Steeves 22
UWAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
AUA_ACC_9984 Winston Hawkins, U.H.
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
UWAL0001124 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5113
UWAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
AUA_ACC_71973 Marion 14 Jul 1982 Short, John W.
1257
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102558 Cullman 04 Jul 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9697
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
TROY000033838 Blount 21 Oct 2011 Stephens, Ryan
73
TROY
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
AUA_ACC_71943 Shelby 20 Apr 1983 Short, John W.
1314
AUA
Asplenium Pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102553 Jefferson 22 Mar 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1315
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052308 Winston 1 Aug 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UWAL0001125 Lawrence 31 Dec 2005 England, J. Kevin
0411
UWAL
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNA00052307 Lamar 7 Sep 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
JSU102559 Blount 02 Nov 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3275
JSU
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall
UNA00052314 Marshall 6 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
963
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
USAM000000001 Winston 28 Jun 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6591
USAM
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
UNA00052319 Bibb 20 Jul 1877 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium pinnatifidum Nutt.
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