Asplenium montanum

Family:ASPLENIACEAE
Species:Asplenium montanum Willdenow
Common Name:Mountain Spleenwort
Habitat:Cool sites; cracks in rock faces.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Mountain Spleenwort is a native evergreen fern in the Spleenwort family (Aspleniaceae). It is native to the northern third of Alabama. Mountain Spleenwort occurs in crevices in sandstone or other acidic rocks and on mossy boulders. It is a perennial with a short, erect rhizome and clusters of leaves 1-4 inches in length. Leaves are petiolate, evergreen, lanceolate to deltate in outline, glabrous, and 1-2 pinnatifid. Leaves are thick and stiff in texture and are dull green in color. The petioles are dark brown to black in color and covered with black lanceolate scales at the base. The rachis is green and slightly pubescent with glandular hairs. Pinna occur in 4-10 pairs. They have incised margins and a rounded apex. Mountain Spleenwort is monomorphic, with no difference in form between sterile and fertile fronds. Spores are produced in sporangia located on the lower surface of the leaves. The sporangia are grouped together in sori arranged along the veins. The sori are covered by a small translucent indusium. Mountain Spleenwort is often the only vascular plant growing on sandstone boulders. It is part of the “Appalachian Asplenium complex”, and forms hybrids with several other Spleenwort species. It hybridizes with the Ebony Spleenwort (Asplenium platyneuron (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg) to form the Cliff Spleenwort or Bradley's Spleenwort (Asplenium bradleyi D.C. Eaton), and with the Walking Fern (Asplenium rhizophyllum Linnaeus) to form the Lobed Spleenwort (Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall). It also crosses with the Lobed Spleenwort (Asplenium pinnatifidum Nuttall) to form Trudell's Spleenwort (Asplenium ×trudellii Wherry) and with allotetraploid individuals of the Cliff Spleenwort or Bradley's Spleenwort (Asplenium bradleyi D.C. Eaton) to form the rare Wherry’s Spleenwort (Asplenium × wherryi).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASPLENIACEAE - Spleenwort family
Genus Asplenium
Species Asplenium montanum Willdenow - Mountain Spleenwort

Citation

Citation Asplenium montanum Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 5(1): 342. 1810.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Calhoun, Clay, Cleburne, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Jackson, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Shelby, St. Clair, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1878 - 1878

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_9983 Winston 1960 Hawkins, U.H.
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
JSU102528 Jackson 30 Mar 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
476
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AUA_ACC_32549 Winston 11 Aug 1975 Short, John W.
395
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
JSU102532 DeKalb 02 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
224
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AUA_ACC_32551 Shelby 30 Jun 1976 Short, John W.
746
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
AUA_ACC_57247 Jackson 8 Jun 1996 Schotz, Alfred
1391
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
AUA_ACC_67015 DeKalb 13 May 2006 Hansen, Curtis J.
2169A
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
JSU102543 Calhoun 12 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10140
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UNA00052284 DeKalb 11 May 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9167
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102526 Winston 15 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
7143A
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AMAL00005300 Marion 25 Jul 2001 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1452
AMAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UNAF0001072 Winston 23 Sep 1984 Henderson, Taffy
s.n.
UNAF
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AUA_ACC_71963 Jackson 21 Apr 1999 Short, John W.
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
ALNHS00002614 Jackson 2 Jul 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-573
ALNHS
Asplenium montanum Willd.
AMAL00005301 Blount 20 Sep 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1690
AMAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UWAL0001121 St. Clair 21 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4888
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UNA00052300 Madison 23 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
618
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102540 Cleburne 09 May 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9712
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AMAL00005302 Cleburne 12 Feb 1989 Spaulding, Daniel D.
20
AMAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
TROY000046069 Lawrence 20 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5082
TROY
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AUA_ACC_32041 Jackson 10 Aug 1974 Short, John W.
213
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
JSU102537 Cleburne 14 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
347
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AUA_ACC_32553 Lawrence 27 Jun 1976 Short, John W.
699
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
AUA_ACC_44348 DeKalb 4 Jul 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2600
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
TROY000049945 Jackson 01 Jun 1980 Short, John W. (Jack)
1200
TROY
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
JSU102535 DeKalb 10 May 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11048
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AMAL00005304 Winston 20 Jul 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11441
AMAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102542 Clay 22 Oct 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
5238
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AMAL00010222 Etowah 20 Mar 1987 Alford, Erik
58
AMAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
AUA_ACC_71918 Clay 16 Jul 1983 Short, John W.
1346
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
ALNHS00001185 Winston 14 Aug 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#691
ALNHS
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102534 DeKalb 23 Feb 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
540
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UWAL0017061 Cleburne 21 Jun 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8511
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UNA00052298 DeKalb 08 Aug 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1152
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102536 Cleburne 08 Nov 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
1006
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UWAL0053228 Jackson 06 Aug 2020 Keener, Brian R.
11878
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
AMAL00005303 Jackson 09 Jun 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11364
AMAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102529 Marion 26 May 1970 Kral, Robert
39207
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UWAL0012209 Marion 17 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7901
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AUA_ACC_9971 Franklin 30 Jun 1961 Hawkins, U.H.
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
JSU139953 Lawrence 01 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP1124
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AMAL00019531 Lawrence 28 Oct 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
239
AMAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
AUA000031009 Jackson 1 Jun 1980 Short, John W.
1200
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
AUA000040161 DeKalb 22 Jun 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP1721
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
AUA000040168 Jackson 2 Jul 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
HC573
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
TROY000013230 DeKalb 25 Mar 1993 Clearman, F.W., Jr.
763
TROY
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UNA00052299 Lawrence 29 Apr 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6162
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UWAL0001123 Winston 31 Dec 2005 England, J. Kevin
412
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102527 Jackson 28 Aug 1970 Kral, Robert
40804
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UNA00074004 Jackson 25 Sep 2018 Sorrie, Bruce A.
13673
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
AUA_ACC_9909 Etowah 1960 Dean, Blanche E.
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
AUA_ACC_40570 Jackson 28 Aug 1970 Kral, Robert
40804
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
UWAL0052489 Lawrence 15 Aug 1968 Dean, Blanche E.
39 B
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UWAL0001122 Winston 05 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1353
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UWAL0001118 DeKalb 27 Feb 1986 Martin, J.L.
5
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102539 Cleburne 04 Jan 1992 Harris, Christy
s.n.
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UWAL0001120 Lawrence 20 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5082
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UNA00054510 Blount 26 Sep 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1690
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102525 Winston 18 Sep 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6431
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
AUA_ACC_71919 Clay 16 Jul 1983 Short, John W.
1345
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
ALNHS00007145 Winston 10 Jun 2021 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#5533
ALNHS
Asplenium montanum L.
JSU102541 Clay 04 Feb 1992 Clearman, F.W., Jr.
005
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UWAL0012007 Winston 20 Jul 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2294
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UNA00052296 Lawrence 31 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102533 DeKalb 28 Feb 1985 Nix, K.F.
011
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
ALNHS00003979 Madison 23 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2348
ALNHS
Asplenium montanum Willd.
TROY000013231 Jackson 09 Jun 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11364
TROY
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UNA00027149 Marion 09 Apr 1878 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102530 Marshall 14 Aug 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2667
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UNA00059393 Jackson 09 Jun 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11364
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
AUA_ACC_32552 Marion 15 May 1976 Short, John W.
541
AUA
Asplenium Montanum Willd.
UNA00052301 DeKalb 10 Jul 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102538 Cleburne 12 Feb 1987 Carden, P.C.
s.n.
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UWAL0001119 Lawrence 07 Jan 2007 England, J. Kevin
558
UWAL
Asplenium montanum Willd.
UNA00052302 Franklin 07 Sep 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
JSU102531 Etowah 06 Aug 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2962
JSU
Asplenium montanum Willdenow
UNA00052297 DeKalb 4 May 1892 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Asplenium montanum Willd.
ALNHS00004520 DeKalb 05 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2885
ALNHS
Asplenium montanum Willd.
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