Bidens laevis

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
Common Name:Smooth Beggarticks; Showy Bur Marigold
Habitat:Marshes, swamps and margins of lakes and ponds.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Showy Bur Marigold is a native herbaceous annual or weak perennial member of the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found in scattered locations across Alabama. Showy Bur Marigold grows in swamps, around the edges of ponds and lakes, and in wet roadside ditches. The stems are decumbent and often root along their lower portions. Showy Bur Marigold has opposite, sessile, elliptic or lanceolate leaves that are either entire or toothed. The leaves are glabrous. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in corymbs. The heads are subtended by 5-7 lanceolate to linear bracts. The bracts are sometime leaf-like. The bracts have ciliate margins and glabrous faces. Each head has 7-8 yellow ray flowers and 60-100 yellow disc flowers. Showy Bur Marigold heads are held erect in flower, though they often nod in fruit. Showy Bur Marigold fruits have two to four barbed awns on their apex. These catch in the fur of animals (or clothing of humans!) and aid in seed dispersal. Showy Bur Marigold is sometimes available through wildflower seed companies. In requires full sun and wet soil. It is an excellent addition to pond edges, and produces a spectacular late season show, with thousands of flowers produced for up to a month’s time. It is an important late season nectar source for butterflies, and the fruit are consumed by song birds and waterfowl. It is similar to Nodding Bur Marigold (Bidens cernua Linnaeus), and the two may in fact be extremes of the same species. Nodding Bur Marigold usually has fewer ray flowers, and the heads are nodding in flower.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Bidens
Species Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg - Smooth Beggarticks; Showy Bur Marigold

Citation

Citation BIDENS LAEVIS (Linnaeus) Britton et al., Prelim. Cat. 29. 1888.
Basionym: Helianthus laevis Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 195 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Sherff, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 16: 315. 1937.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bidens chrysanthemoides Bidens chrysanthemoides Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 136. 1803, nom. illegit.Coriopsis perfoliata Walter 1788. 
Bidens chrysanthemoides var. nashii Bidens chrysanthemoides Michaux, var. nashii (Small) Jepson, Fl. W. Calif. 544. 1901.Bidens nashii Small 1898. 
Bidens elegans Bidens elegans Greene, Pittonia 4: 254. 1901. VIRGINIA: Norfolk Co.: Near Northwest, 8 Nov 1898, Kearney s.n. (holotype: US).
Coreopsis perfoliata Coreopsis perfoliata Walter, Fl. Carol. 214. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Helianthus laevis Helianthus laevis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 906. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 195 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Sherff, Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 16: 315. 1937.
Heliopsis laevis Heliopsis laevis (Linnaeus) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 473. 1807.Helianthus laevis Linnaeus 1753. 
Bidens nashii Bidens nashii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot;. Club 25: 481. 1898. FLORIDA/LOUISIANA:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Escambia, Greene, Houston, Lowndes, Madison, Mobile, Montgomery, Pickens, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1896 - 1995

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00045320 Mobile _ Oct 1886 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000028468 St. Clair 28 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4913
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00066194 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17233
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
USAM000001902 Mobile 13 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8837
USAM
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT89997 Cleburne 08 Oct 1989 Kral, Robert
77196
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AMAL00019579 Greene 07 Nov 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#876
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AMAL00008747 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14259
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0019593 Butler 25 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25632
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0000465 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17233
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
SAMF0005243 Bibb 30 Jun 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3273
SAMF
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00060430 Baldwin 30 Nov 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8106
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UWAL0000466 St. Clair 28 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4913
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UWAL0013357 Bullock 20 Nov 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1467
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT89999 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14259
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000032328 Houston 19 Nov 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
35
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT89995 Barbour 03 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12141
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000001577 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14259
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT90001 Madison 26 Sep 1995 Green, Harold D.
66
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AUA000001823 Conecuh 27 Oct 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8941
AUA
Bidens Laevis (L.) Bsp
JSU104201 Madison 15 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6982
JSU
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00045321 Tuscaloosa 20 Oct 1992 Kuhajda, Bernard R.
24
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000036246 Conecuh 24 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23564
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AUA000035443 Montgomery 20 Oct 2010 Schotz, Alfred
2170
AUA
Bidens Laevis (L.) Bsp
UWAL0016025 Conecuh 24 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23564
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg
UNA00062191 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14259
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
USAM000001903 Baldwin 21 Oct 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6875
USAM
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT89994 Barbour 23 Oct 2001 Gil, G.
24
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AUA000001822 Coffee 26 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8177
AUA
Bidens Laevis (L.) Bsp
UNA00066729 Barbour 03 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12141
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
JSU103900 Baldwin 18 Jun 1999 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10648
JSU
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT67119 Cleburne 08 Oct 1989 Kral, Robert
77196
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AMAL00015040 Houston 19 Nov 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#35
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AUA000001820 Baldwin 9 Oct 1996 Tucker, Jr., James W.
AUA
Bidens Laevis (L.) Bsp
UWAL0048043 Madison 28 Sep 2019 Ciafre, Claire M.
1834
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
TROY000001578 Escambia 14 Sep 2000 Searcy, Darryl
s.n.
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0000468 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3278
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000014825 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3278
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00045316 Wilcox 29 Oct 1981 Lynch, Jan
71
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000047569 Lowndes 29 Sep 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28606
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000041861 Butler 25 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25632
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0045662 Mobile 04 Nov 2018 Horne, Howard E.
4693
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns, & Poggenburg
UNA00045319 Mobile 20 Oct 1896 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
AMAL00012817 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3278
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0000467 Shelby 23 Oct 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3906
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
AUA000001821 Barbour 23 Oct 2001 Gil, Glenda
(2001-24)
AUA
Bidens Laevis (L.) Bsp
BRIT89993 Baldwin 18 Jun 1999 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10648
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000014557 Baldwin 30 Oct 2003 Stinson, Jonathan
4
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0044120 Baldwin 15 Sep 2003 Nation, N. Fred
651
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) Britton et al.
USAM000001901 Baldwin 03 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11841
USAM
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00045318 Tuscaloosa 24 Oct 1992 Arant, Sandra
554
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UNA00066969 Sumter 13 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3278
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000045388 Montgomery 20 Oct 2010 Schotz, Alfred
2170
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) BSP
BRIT90003 Mobile 20 Sep 1975 Kral, Robert
56611
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0050542 Calhoun 14 Oct 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15789
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
BRIT89996 Cleburne 08 Oct 1989 Kral, Robert
77196
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000001579 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17233
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
JSU104202 Pickens 25 Oct 1995 MacDonald, John R.
9247
JSU
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT90000 Escambia 16 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20317
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
AMAL00016501 Montgomery 12 Nov 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17233
AMAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
ALNHS00001607 Greene 07 Nov 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#876
ALNHS
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000001575 Barbour 20 Jun 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10750b
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT90002 Mobile 20 Sep 1975 Kral, Robert
56611
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UWAL0001007 Escambia 16 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20317
UWAL
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
UWAL0031834 Conecuh 03 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25653
UWAL
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
UNA00045317 Pickens 25 Oct 1995 MacDonald, John R.
9247
UNA
Bidens laevis (L.) B.S.P.
TROY000001576 Crenshaw 12 Nov 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12241
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT89998 Crenshaw 12 Nov 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12241
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
TROY000041905 Conecuh 03 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25653
TROY
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
BRIT90004 Pickens 25 Oct 1995 MacDonald, John R.
9247
BRIT
Bidens laevis (Linnaeus) Britton, Sterns & Poggenburg
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