Bidens frondosa

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
Common Name:Devil's Beggarticks; Devil's Pitchfork; Stick Tight
Habitat:Wetlands.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Bidens
Species Bidens frondosa Linnaeus - Devil's Beggarticks; Devil's Pitchfork; Stick Tight

Citation

Citation BIDENS FRONDOSA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 832. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 975.6). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis & Turland, Taxon 47: 355. 1998.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bidens frondosa var. anomala Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, var. anomala Porter ex Fernald, Rhodora 5: 91. 1903.  
Bidens frondosa var. caudata Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, var. caudata Sherff, Brittonia 11: 190. 1959. WEST VIRGINIA: Raleigh Co.: Near Stanaford, 3 Sep 1940, Tosh s.n. (holotype: WVA).
Bidens frondosa var. pallida Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, var. pallida (Wiegand) Wiegand, Rhodora 26: 5. 1924.Bidens melanocarpa Wiegand, var. pallida Wiegand 1899. 
Bidens frondosa var. puberula Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, var. puberula Wiegand, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 408. 1899.  
Bidens frondosa var. stenodonta Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, var. stenodonta Fernald & H. St. John, Rhodora 17: 22. 1915. CANADA: Newfoundland: Whitbourne, 8 Aug 1911, Fernald & Wiegand 6375 (holotype: GH).
Bidens melanocarpa Bidens melanocarpa Wiegand, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 405. 1899. SYNTYPE: FLORIDA:
Bidens melanocarpa var. pallida Bidens melanocarpa Wiegand, var. pallida Wiegand, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 406. 1899.  
Bidens puberula Bidens puberula (Wiegand) Rydberg, Fl. Plains N. Amer. 849. 1932.Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, var. puberula Wiegand 1899. 
Bidens vulgata var. puberula Bidens vulgata Greene, var. puberula (Wiegand) Greene, Pittonia 4: 250. 1901.Bidens frondosa Linnaeus, var. puberula Wiegand 1899. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Greene, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lee, Macon, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU104208 Calhoun 07 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
518
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00064077 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1454
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU104220 DeKalb 07 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15592
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00045303 Walker 27 Oct 1984 Charles N. Horn
636
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
USAM000001900 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6936
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104210 Cherokee 26 Sep 1987 C. C. Dickson
s.n.
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001816 Lee 8 OCT 1975 WILLIS, STEPHEN F.
064
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
AMAL00021183 Jackson 27 Aug 2009 T. Wayne Barger
HC-379
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UWAL0000463 Conecuh 30 Oct 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20384
UWAL
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU136734 Blount 05 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1716
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104216 Cleburne 23 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
427
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00054533 Blount 12 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1610
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
UNA00054000 Blount 6 Sep 1997 Brian R. Keener
387
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU146226 Calhoun 30 Sep 1996 F. Hutchinson
2406
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104219 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7468
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
USAM000001897 Mobile 01 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11839
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104206 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1454
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AMAL00012354 Calhoun 19 Oct 2009 Daniel D. Spaulding
13214
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000014820 Jefferson 29 Sep 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15848
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104228 Marshall 15 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
953
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00045289 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6936
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU104226 Etowah 18 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6884
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000033548 Barbour 01 Oct 2011 Bailee Dykes
190
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001810 Bibb 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
737
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
JSU104234 Talladega 04 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5191
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000001573 Dale 30 Nov 2003 Jennifer Wingeart
s.n.
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00064076 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1454
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU104212 Cherokee 07 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15631
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000027025 Baldwin 10 OCT 2007 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-50
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
UWAL0012362 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0893
UWAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
USAM000001895 Mobile 29 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11802
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104235 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
s.n.
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AMAL00002759 Jefferson 20 Sep 2000 S. J. Threlkeld
1317
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AMAL00014946 Baldwin 08 Oct 2008 T. Wayne Barger
Perd-532
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000001565 Butler 21 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17092
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001812 Crenshaw 16 OCT 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10608
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
UWAL0031042 Cleburne 28 Sep 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14181
UWAL
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU104217 Cleburne 19 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
381
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00062179 Butler 5 Oct 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14213
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
UNA00054547 Blount 5 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1716
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
AMAL00008708 Butler 05 Oct 2003 A. R. Diamond
14213
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00045302 Lamar 22 Sep 1981 L. J. Davenport
2188
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU104233 Talladega 09 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12719
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00013726 Clay 20 Sep 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
TROY000001569 Covington 14 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17078
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104230 Randolph 06 Oct 1983 C. F. Nixon
466
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000038580 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
893
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104232 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1385
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001809 Barbour 23 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
2001-41
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
UWAL0035935 Blount 14 Sep 2013 Anderson, Kelly
0488
UWAL
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU139749 Etowah 03 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
7533
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104215 Cleburne 23 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
427
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UWAL0000462 Butler 05 Oct 2003 Diamond, A.R.
14213
UWAL
Bidens frondosa L.
TROY000029461 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12772
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001818 Pike 22 SEP 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9947
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
TROY000001572 Dale 28 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
201
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104223 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7468
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
USAM000001894 Mobile 01 Nov 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11,839
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UWAL0000464 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12772
UWAL
Bidens frondosa L.
AMAL00017116 Calhoun 29 Sep 1999 D. Keener Morrow
836
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
USAM000001896 Greene 19 Oct 1979 Michel G. Lelong
10989
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104229 Marshall 03 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3180
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00045288 Russell 26 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
6034
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
TROY000014819 Tallapoosa 06 Sep 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
369
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104236 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7245
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
USAM000001898 Washington 25 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11762
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001819 Shelby 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
662
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
JSU104227 Marshall 25 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3160
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000001574 Pike 09 Oct 2000 James A. Hall
164
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AMAL00013295 Covington 14 Oct 2006 A. R. Diamond
17078
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
USAM000001899 Mobile 11 Oct 1969 Michel G. Lelong
5294
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104221 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7468
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00045299 Tuscaloosa 3 Nov 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1154
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
TROY000001568 Conecuh 16 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14794
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104231 Randolph 06 Oct 1983 C. F. Nixon
466
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
SAMF0005248 Jefferson 30 Sep 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5690
SAMF
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104207 Calhoun 21 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1248
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
NY01909998 s.d. Samuel B. Buckley
s.n.
NY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UWAL0037518 Bullock 28 Sep 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
0420
UWAL
Bidens frondosa L.
USAM000001893 Washington 25 Oct 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11762
USAM
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001817 Macon 15 OCT 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
JSU104209 Cherokee 22 Sep 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10722
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000001571 Dale 14 Oct 1997 Hannelore Rundell
417
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00045298 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 1966 Joab L. Thomas
882
UNA
Bidens frondosa L. var. stenodonta Fern. & St. John
JSU104218 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7530
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000001570 Crenshaw 02 Nov 1996 Alvin R. Diamond
11148
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001815 Lee 7 NOV 1971 HENLEY, NANCY S.
192
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
AMAL00014973 Shelby 21 Oct 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12772
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000014556 Butler 30 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18425
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104237 Winston 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6423
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU139748 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10156
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104225 Etowah 18 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6884
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000001567 Conecuh 20 Aug 2001 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104224 Etowah 25 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3900
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001813 Jefferson 25 SEP 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1896
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
JSU104213 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5302
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000014555 Barbour 11 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19976
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
UNA00064075 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1454
UNA
Bidens frondosa L.
JSU104211 Cherokee 07 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15631
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU104222 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7530
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
TROY000001566 Butler 05 Oct 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14213
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
SAMF0005249 Jefferson 11 Sep 2004 Davenport, L. J.
3135
SAMF
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AMAL00021464 Cleburne 28 Sep 2014 Daniel D. Spaulding
14181
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AMAL00014691 Tallapoosa 06 Sep 2006 T. Wayne Barger
369
AMAL
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
JSU139747 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9335
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001811 Choctaw 14 SEP 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1504
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
UWAL0009985 Calhoun 19 Oct 2009 Spaulding, Dan
13214
UWAL
Bidens frondosaL.
JSU104214 Cleburne 19 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
381
JSU
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
SAMF0005250 Jefferson 25 Sep 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3349
SAMF
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
AUA000001814 Lee 7 OCT 1973 KRATZER, G. A.
0077
AUA
BIDENS FRONDOSA L.
TROY000014554 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18136
TROY
Bidens frondosa Linnaeus
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