Bidens bipinnata

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
Common Name:Spanish Needles
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Spanish Needles is a native herbaceous annual in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is native to all of Alabama. Spanish Needles occur on roadsides, in disturbed forests, in fields, in pastures, and in other disturbed sites. It is an annual with a tap root. The stems are 1-4 feet in height, green in color, branched above, and glabrous. The leaves are petiolate and pinnately dissected. The leaf segments are elliptic to lanceolate in outline and glabrous. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in corymbs. Each head has 0-5 small yellow ray flowers and 10-20 yellow disc flowers. The fruit is a black achene. The achene is fusiform in shape with 3-4 barbed awns at the apex. Spanish Needles is a common weedy species of disturbed sites. The flower heads are greenish in color with no or only a few small ray flowers, making this species easy to overlook. Most people first notice this species when they discover the achenes attached to their clothing or their pet’s fur.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Bidens
Species Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus - Spanish Needles

Citation

Citation BIDENS BIPINNATA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 832. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 975.12). Lectotypified by Mesfin, Kew Bull. 48: 499. 1993.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bidens bipinnata var. biternatoides Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus, var. biternatoides Sherff, Bot. Gaz. 90: 397. 1930. NEW MEXICO: Dona Ana Co.: Las Cruces, Oct 1895, Wooton s.n. (holotype: NY).
Bidens bipinnata var. minor Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus, var. minor Memminger, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 30: 148. 1915. NORTH CAROLINA: Henderson Co.:
Bidens pilosa Linnaeus Bidens pilosa Linnaeus, var. bipinnata (Linnaeus) Hooker f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 309. 1881.Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Greene, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00060846 Pike 15 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14156
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
UWAL0000471 Marengo 16 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1143
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
UNA00045269 Pickens 24 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
1008
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
JSU103867 Blount 17 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7397
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
USAM000001891 Baldwin 21 Oct 1977 Michel G. Lelong
9982
USAM
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000033364 Conecuh 01 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22602
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000001557 Crenshaw 15 Sep 1999 James A. Hall
17
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001793 Lee 13 OCT 1968 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
AUA000001795 Pike 26 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5563
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
AUA000001788 Crenshaw 10 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6364
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
TROY000014553 Butler 02 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18009
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000001554 Coffee 18 Sep 2000 Brian H. Martin
966
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000001560 Houston 15 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15954
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001781 Autauga 7 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1175
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
TROY000001563 Pike 03 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15890
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000033895 Houston 24 Sep 2011 Whitney Senn
59
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103881 Madison 17 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6652
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AMAL00008082 Pike 15 Sep 2003 A. R. Diamond
14156
AMAL
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000014552 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18065
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UNA00045267 Mobile 3 Aug 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D194
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
AUA000038014 Escambia 05 May 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5540
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
JSU103877 Etowah 03 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3482
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AMAL00021091 Mobile 16 Sep 2012 Howard E. Horne
1883
AMAL
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103874 Cleburne 14 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
334
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000042892 Houston 13 Aug 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26711
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UNA00045268 Pickens 24 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
1008
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
JSU103872 Clay 12 Sep 1993 J. M. Ballard
3320
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UWAL0032121 Houston 13 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26732
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001791 Lee 11 OCT 1971 HARPER, DOUGLAS
045
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UNA00045272 Wilcox 17 Aug 1982 S. C. Gunn
1072
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
TROY000001561 Pike 11 Nov 1999 James A. Hall
35
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001780 Autauga 27 SEP 1975 DUPREE, W. G.
015
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
JSU103875 DeKalb 01 Sep 1982 Randall Black
s.n.
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001787 Conecuh 10 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UWAL0034203 Colbert 23 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14395
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
AUA000001790 Dallas 14 OCT 1973 WRIGHT, DAVID
112
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
JSU103879 Etowah 10 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
593
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103873 Cleburne 11 Sep 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
304
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103886 Talladega 02 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
4844
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UWAL0000472 St. Clair 21 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4887
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
AUA000029397 Covington 22 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4540
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
TROY000039915 Greene 28 Oct 2011 Brian R. Keener
6789
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000001555 Coffee 13 Sep 2006 Jake Hendrix
84
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001785 Coffee 6 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6460
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
JSU103869 Calhoun 24 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11987
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UWAL0034525 Conecuh 01 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84236
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
JSU103884 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9166
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UWAL0034113 Marion 06 Sep 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14423
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
AUA000001783 Clarke 22 SEP 1973 BEDWELL, C. R.
087
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UWAL0038935 Covington 22 Oct 2009 Hansen C. J.
4540
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
TROY000034264 Bullock 06 Oct 2011 Bailee Dykes
198
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001799 Wilcox 17 AUG 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1072
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UWAL0009718 Greene 28 Oct 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6789
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
TROY000030202 Jackson 27 Aug 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
303
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103871 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18756
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AMAL00010567 Pike 03 Oct 2005 A. R. Diamond
15890
AMAL
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000028948 Lauderdale 13 AUG 2009 HOLT, BRIAN D.
SC-147
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UNA00045266 Mobile 2 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D638
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
AUA000001786 Conecuh 16 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1824
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
JSU103868 Calhoun 13 Aug 1969 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UWAL0007816 Conecuh 01 Oct 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22602
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000001556 Coffee 24 Sep 1999 Brian H. Martin
243
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000001562 Pike 15 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14156
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001798 Wilcox 9 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1285B
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
TROY000001558 Dale 12 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
130
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UWAL0042795 Baldwin 16 Aug 2000 Larsen, H.S.
343
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
JSU103880 Jefferson 17 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12517
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000033229 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Bailee Dykes
118
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000014601 Montgomery 14 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20008
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103885 Randolph 21 Sep 1985 C. F. Nixon
1360
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000037825 Escambia 25 Oct 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5335
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
AUA000001794 Lee 17 OCT 1925 ADKINS, JR., T. R.
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UWAL0038228 Mobile 10 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8116
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103878 Etowah 10 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
593
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU142314 Baldwin 05 Nov 2009 T. Wayne Barger
Perd-649
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103882 Marshall 27 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
1003
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001797 Tallapoosa 23 SEP 1972 HAGAN, JACK H.
031
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
AUA000032690 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4894
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA
TROY000001559 Dale 22 Oct 1997 Hannelore Rundell
414
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
SAMF0005251 Cherokee 22 Sep 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4047
SAMF
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103876 Etowah 20 Oct 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13785
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
USAM000001890 Mobile 10 Aug 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8116
USAM
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103870 Calhoun 05 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1328
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
UWAL0009180 Cleburne 26 Sep 1960 Jones, S.B., Jr.
0341
UWAL
Bidens bipinnata L.
AUA000001792 Lee 11 AUG 1969 ATKESON, THOMAS D.
280
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UNA00065021 Pike 3 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15890
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
UNA00026818 Clay 20 Sep 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L.
SAMF0005252 Jefferson 23 Sep 2003 Davenport, L. J.
2973
SAMF
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
USAM000001889 Mobile 23 Sep 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4734
USAM
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
TROY000030647 Lee 17 Oct 1925 R. Johnson
s.n.
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
JSU103883 Marshall 13 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6337
JSU
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
AUA000001782 Bibb 1 OCT 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1924
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
AUA000001796 Pike 3 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15890
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
AUA000001789 Dale 15 SEP 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7744
AUA
BIDENS BIPINNATA L.
UNA00045271 Sumter 12 Sep 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1196
UNA
Bidens bipinnata L. var. cynapiifolia (Kunth) G. Maza
TROY000014551 Crenshaw 07 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19937
TROY
Bidens bipinnata Linnaeus
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