Opuntia humifusa

Family:CACTACEAE
Species:Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
Common Name:Eastern Prickly-Pear
Habitat:Dry sandy soils or outcrops.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:This species is spineless armed only with glochids. All other native Opuntia in Alabama bear spines.
Taxonomic Notes:Opuntia humifusa was formally a "catch-all" species for all specimens from Alabama that were not O. drummondii [=pusilla]. Maclure et al 2017 dramatically reduced the concept of O. humifusa leading to a situation where much of the Alabama "humifusa" material became identifiable with O. cespitosa or O. mesacantha (both subspecies). While Maclure et al did not examine any material from Alabama that ultimately remained identifiable with O. humifusa, it is strongly expected to be part of the flora but less common than other native species. All older herbarium specimens previously identified as O. humifusa should be reevlatuated and placed accordingly.
Status:Native
References:[1] Majure, L.C., W.S. Judd, P.S. Soltis, and D.E. Soltis. 2017. Taxonomic revision of the Opuntia humifusa complex (Opuntieae: Cactaceae) of the eastern United States. Phytotaxa 290 (1): 001-065. [2] Majure, L.C. 2014. Typifications and a nomenclatural change in some eastern North American Opuntia (Cactaceae). Phytoneuron 2014-106: 1–2.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCACTACEAE - Cactus family
Genus Opuntia
Species Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. - Eastern Prickly-Pear

Citation

Citation Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf., Med. Fl. 2: 247. 1830.
Basionym: Cactus humifusus Raf. 1820.
Type: PENNSYLVANIA: Berks Co., 0.75 mi southwest of New Jerusalem, 10 July 1927, Wherry s.n. (neotype: US)--Neotypification by Leuenberger 1993: 426.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Opuntia calcicola Opuntia calcicola Wherry, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 16: 12, f. 1. 1926. WEST VIRGINIA: Jefferson Co.: NW of Bolivar, 10 Jun 1932, Wherry s.n. (neotype: PH). Neotypified by L. D. Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 924. 1982.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bullock, Calhoun, Cherokee, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU142888 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 Ballard, J. Mark
5929
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103191 Marshall 30 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1979
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UWAL0013562 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3855
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103184 Etowah 11 May 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1412
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AMAL00012038 Randolph 11 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
AMAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. humifusa
AUA_ACC_11612 Baldwin 1 May 1965 Sanders, T.H.
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_70348 Lee 13 May 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
3931
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103187 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10001
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
SAMF0003740 Coffee 19 May 1986 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2458
SAMF
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_56135 Montgomery 10 Jul 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10404
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_49211 Henry 22 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4821
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
UWAL0031360 Hale 07 Nov 2008 England, J. Kevin
1491
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_4993 Lee 14 May 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
UWAL0043425 Baldwin 15 Nov 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
766
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AMAL00008263 Henry 23 Jul 2003 Haynes, Robert R.
10413
AMAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. humifusa
UWAL0008292 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1248
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103181 Calhoun 15 May 1985 Robertson, Lisa
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
SAMF0003739 DeKalb 12 May 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5195
SAMF
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_49339 Bullock 12 Jun 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5010
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. Humifusa
AUA_ACC_38927 Autauga 12 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
536
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_63171 Henry 23 Jul 2003 Haynes, Robert R.
10413
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
UWAL0014856 Bullock 09 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
629
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_18840 Lee 24 May 1970 Murchison, Grover R.
187
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103193 Randolph 11 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_39826 Conecuh 12 May 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
650
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
UWAL0008290 Conecuh 17 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19255
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103194 Randolph 04 Apr 1993 Dasinger, Adam P.
29
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_13675 Macon 17 May 1966 Searcy, James W.
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_37236 Sumter 3 Jun 1981 Henderson, T.
135A
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103190 Lee 08 May 1964 Bozarth, Gene A.
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103183 Colbert 26 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17840
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_54022 Pike 1 Jan 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
8996
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AMAL00013715 Pike 26 May 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12435
AMAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. austrina (Small) Dress
UWAL0014729 Washington 25 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4871
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103185 Franklin 28 Apr 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16382a
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UWAL0008289 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1125
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103189 Lee 30 May 1971 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU103182 Cherokee 31 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
JSU142886 Randolph 11 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_57024 Crenshaw 19 May 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10259
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103186 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
866
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UWAL0008291 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1343
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_3387 Baldwin 1 May 1965 Dollar, Mason
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA000037583 Randolph 29 Oct 2018 Thibault, Tim
1758
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103188 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
829
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_49293 Montgomery 12 Jun 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5020
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_12957 Lee 16 May 1966 Logan, Robert
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_20487 Macon 16 May 1970 Beniwal, S.P.
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA_ACC_37579 Baldwin 15 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
538
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
AUA000030361 Escambia 23 Mar 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
4984
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf. Var. Humifusa
UWAL0008293 Pike 26 May 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12435
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
JSU103192 Marshall 24 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1184
JSU
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_61595 Russell 2 May 2002 Gil, Glenda
2001-161
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
SAMF0003741 Tuscaloosa 22 May 1954 McCullough, Herbert A.
s.n.
SAMF
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
UWAL0017396 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4313.1
UWAL
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
TROY000045217 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3859
TROY
Opuntia humifusa Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_27684 Randolph 16 Jun 1975 Rutland, David W.
376
AUA
Opuntia Humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
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