Sporobolus indicus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
Common Name:Smut Grass; Black Seed; West Indian Dropseed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SPIN4
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Sporobolus
Species Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown - Smut Grass; Black Seed; West Indian Dropseed

Citation

Citation SPOROBOLUS INDICUS (Linnaeus) R. Brown, Prodr. 170. 1810.
Basionym: Agrostis indica Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 460B (lectotype: LINN 84.36). Lectotypified by Baaijens & Veldkamp, Blumea 35: 422. 1991.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Agrostis elongata Agrostis elongata Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 162. 1791, nom. illegit.Agrostis indica Linnaeus 1753. 
Agrostis indica Agrostis indica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 63. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 460B (lectotype: LINN 84.36). Lectotypified by Baaijens & Veldkamp, Blumea 35: 422. 1991.
Agrostis tenuissima Agrostis tenuissima Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 258. 1824 ("1825").  
Sporobolus angustus Sporobolus angustus Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 14: 88. 1963. TEXAS [probably actually MISSOURI, the only state within Buckley's travels to have a county of this name]: Buchanan Co.: Without data, Jun, Buckley s.n. (holotype: PH; isotype: US(fragm)).
Sporobolus exilis Sporobolus exilis (Trinius) Trinius ex Balansa, J. Bot. (Morot) 4: 164. 1890.Vilfa exilis Trinius 1840. 
Sporobolus indicus var. exilis Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown, var. exilis (Trinius) Koyama, J. Jap. Bot. 37: 235, 240. 1962.Vilfa exilis Trinius 1840. 
Sporobolus lamarckii Sporobolus lamarckii Desvaux ex Hamilton, Prodr. 4. 1825, nom. illegit.Agrostis elongata Lamarck 1791, nom. illegit.; Agrostis indica Linnaeus 1753. 
Sporobolus berterianus Sporobolus berteroanus (Trinius) Hitchcock & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 370. 1917.Vilfa berteroana Trinius 1840. 
Sporobolus poiretii    
Vilfa berteroana Vilfa berteroana Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 4(1): 100. 1840. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Without data, Bertero s.n. (holotype: LE; isotypes: B, MO).
Vilfa elongata Vilfa elongata Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 16, 147, 181. 1812.Agrostis elongata Lamarck 1791, nom. illegit.; Agrostis indica Linnaeus 1753. 
Vilfa exilis Vilfa exilis Trinius, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 4(1): 89. 1840. MEXICO: Veracruz: Jalapa, s.d., Schiede s.n. (holotype: LE).
Vilfa indica Vilfa indica (Linnaeus) Trinius ex Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 2: 767. 1841.Agrostis indica Linnaeus 1753. 
Vilfa tenacissima var. exilis Vilfa tenacissima (Linnaeus f.) Kunth, var. exilis (Trinius) E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 99. 1886.Vilfa exilis Trinius 1840. 
Vilfa tenacissima var. intermedia Vilfa tenacissima (Linnaeus f.) Kunth, var. intermedia E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 99. 1886.Agrostis indica Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1950 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000033989 Covington 15 Oct 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22635
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0036487 Greene 28 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8618
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
JSU104492 Cullman 12 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
629
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019516 Bullock 25 Nov 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3780
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104493 Cullman 12 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3628
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000012797 Dale 15 Sep 2000 Woods, Michael
8228
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
JSU104491 Coosa 05 Sep 1982 Bussey, Melanie G.
224
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000034067 Pike 24 Oct 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22660
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00064357 Butler 13 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14895
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000027064 Baldwin 13 Aug 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-480
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
UNA00006016 Tuscaloosa 13 Jul 1950 Williams, B.C.
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104495 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4800
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00006066 Tuscaloosa 30 Jun 1955 Farmer, Joe A.
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
SAMF0001349 Jefferson 28 Sep 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4520
SAMF
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00064327 Barbour 29 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14907
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000040898 Lee 16 Sep 2016 Taylor, Chris T.
CSP-354
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104487 Blount 04 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1157
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019530 Lee 16 Jul 1971 Geno, Connie
100
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019518 Butler 13 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14895
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
UNA00045966 Barbour 26 May 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11283
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
UWAL0037330 Bullock 25 Mar 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
172
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Brown
ALNHS00000802 Monroe 23 Aug 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-332
ALNHS
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000012794 Covington 13 Aug 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11993
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0018422 Houston 15 Jul 1992 Kral, Robert
81149
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R.Br. var. indicus
TROY000012798 Escambia 09 Dec 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13747
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019537 Lee 17 Aug 1948 Parish, Lester O.
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104488 Calhoun 14 Oct 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
5321
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019527 Escambia 7 Nov 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3768
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104489 Cherokee 28 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5299
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019524 Covington 25 Jul 1969 Moore, Harold D.
439-69
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000012793 Covington 28 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12237
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00005945 Lee 16 Jun 1973 Johnson, Kenneth G.
22
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104568 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3274
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019528 Henry 13 Aug 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
200
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104494 Cullman 12 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3645
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000030738 Lee 17 Aug 1948 Parish, Lester
s.n.
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00070489 Mobile 15 Aug 2012 Horne, Howard
1837
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104563 Lawrence 12 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
669
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000012791 Coffee 14 Nov 1999 Martin, Brian H.
354
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00006056 Greene 22 Jul 1967 Thomas, Joab L.
1094
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019529 Henry 17 Nov 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5646
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104499 Houston 04 Aug 1996 MacDonald, John R.
9833
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019515 Barbour 29 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14907
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000051398 Franklin 16 Jul 2016 England, J. Kevin
6650
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
ALNHS00000251 Mobile 27 Jul 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10392
ALNHS
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
UNA00006021 Tuscaloosa 26 Jul 1957 Deason, Temd R.
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
USAM000012709 Baldwin 12 Sep 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3759
USAM
Sporobolus poiretii  (Roem. & Schult.) Hitchc.
UNA00006061 Tuscaloosa 17 Jun 1955 Robinson, F.D.
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
USAM000012708 Mobile 10 Jul 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3351
USAM
Sporobolus poiretii  (Roem. & Schult.) Hitchc.
AUA000019534 Lee 17 Jul 1967 Teem, David H.
70
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104490 Choctaw 01 Nov 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19035
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019522 Conecuh 25 Aug 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2699
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104561 Jackson 20 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1306
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
SAMF0001351 Jefferson 23 Jul 2003 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2915
SAMF
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019514 Barbour 24 Oct 1975 Rutland, David W.
1846
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104569 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
471
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000029853 Barbour 12 Oct 2004 Dasinger, Keith
8
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0032830 Franklin 16 Jul 2016 England, J. Kevin
6650
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000045100 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
274
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
JSU104500 Jackson 22 Jun 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
2124
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019536 Lee 20 Sep 1958 Banks, Donald J.
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
UWAL0046571 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
274
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
JSU104496 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4800
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0032169 Houston 04 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26405
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0049378 Escambia 23 Jul 2013 Hansen, Curtis J.
5810
UWAL
Sporoblus indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019532 Lee 24 Sep 1971 Little, Jackie A.
025
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104565 Lee 11 Nov 1973 Katzer, G.A.
209
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000042033 Houston 04 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26405
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brow
AUA000036694 Covington 14 Jul 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5142
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104573 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18462
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019525 Crenshaw 29 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6571
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000051401 Greene 28 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8618
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019517 Butler 13 Dec 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3993
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
UNA00005945 Lee 16 Jun 1973 Johnson, Kenneth G.
22
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104498 Etowah 14 Jun 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
316
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0016765 Montgomery 24 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25354
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000012799 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18205
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
JSU104566 Lee 31 Jul 1973 Crance, G.H.
153
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000040654 Montgomery 24 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25354
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
JSU104571 Mobile 27 Jul 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10392
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000012792 Conecuh 05 Aug 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11954
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0044008 Baldwin 23 Jul 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
859
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104576 Winston 02 Jun 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3071
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
SAMF0001350 Perry 03 Nov 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3381
SAMF
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0012722 Marengo 08 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1378
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000027578 Randolph 02 Aug 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3559
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00060498 Mobile 25 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8174
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019519 Clay 24 Jun 1975 Rutland, David W.
648
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104578 Winston 02 Jun 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
289
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000012795 Crenshaw 20 Oct 2007 Norman, James
7
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00006016 Tuscaloosa 13 Jul 1950 Williams, B.C.
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000012796 Dale 19 May 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
668
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0009141 Coffee 04 Oct 2008 Donaldson, M. Drew
3
UWAL
Sporobulus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104574 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9418
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0011221 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
762
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019533 Lee 15 Aug 1969 Simonds, E.P.
127
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019531 Lee 28 Sep 1972 Hagan, Patrick D.
065
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104564 Lee 19 Jun 1968 Johnson, Stephen C.
183
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
ALNHS00004978 Butler 09 May 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#3045
ALNHS
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019526 Dale 16 Aug 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7683
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
UNA00006071 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
353
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019539 Russell 1 Jul 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-265)
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000012789 Barbour 29 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14907
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0030940 Henry 25 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87737
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R.Br.
TROY000029348 Covington 26 Sep 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20947
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00006076 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000033265 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Dykes, Bailee
86
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019540 Shelby 26 Oct 1980 Webb, A.L.
188
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104562 Lawrence 12 Aug 1974 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3591
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019535 Lee 4 Aug 1966 Harris, John
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019538 Lee 15 May 1922 Simmons, W.Ellis
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019521 Coffee 24 Aug 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5391
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
UNA00006061 Tuscaloosa 17 Jun 1955 Robinson, F.D.
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104570 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3274
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000032695 Covington 14 Sep 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4890
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104572 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18606
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000019520 Clarke 4 Nov 1973 Bedwell, C.R.
204
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
AUA000019523 Covington 13 Dec 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6625
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
UNA00054326 Blount 04 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1157
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104497 Etowah 12 Jun 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2382
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000012790 Butler 13 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14895
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UWAL0010110 Pike 24 Oct 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22660
UWAL
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000041448 Escambia 23 Jul 2013 Hansen, Curtis J.
5810
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104575 Talladega 11 Oct 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
5218
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
TROY000040290 Marengo 08 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1378
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
JSU104567 Limestone 13 Jul 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9057
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
AUA000037768 Covington 16 Aug 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5240
AUA
Sporobolus Indicus (L.) R. Br.
TROY000035254 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
762
TROY
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
UNA00006021 Tuscaloosa 26 Jul 1957 Deason, Temd R.
s.n.
UNA
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.
JSU104577 Winston 02 Jun 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3071
JSU
Sporobolus indicus (Linnaeus) R. Brown
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