Sporobolus alterniflorus

Family:POACEAE
Species:Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela
Common Name:Saltmarsh Cordgrass; Smooth Cordgrass; Saltwater Cordgrass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Sporobolus
Species Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela - Saltmarsh Cordgrass; Smooth Cordgrass; Saltwater Cordgrass

Citation

Citation Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela, Taxon 63(6): 1236. 2014.
Basionym: Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps 1807.
Type: FRANCE: Pyrénées Atlantiques: Sur le bord de l'Odo, à Bayonne, 20 Jun 1803, s.coll. s.n. (holotype: AV).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dactylis fasciculata Dactylis fasciculata Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 180. 1791. Without data, Herb. Richard s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Dactylis maritima Dactylis maritima Walter, Fl. Carol. 77. 1788, non Curtis 1787. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Limnetis glabra Limnetis glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Nuttall ex Eaton & J. Wright, Man. Bot., ed. 8. 301. 1840.Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. 
Spartina alterniflora var. glabra Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 178. 1916.Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. 
Spartina brasiliensis Spartina brasiliensis Raddi, Agrostogr. Bras. 21. 1823. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: Near Rio de Janeiro, s.d., Raddi s.n. (lectotype: PI; isolectotypes: FI(2 shts), PI, US(fragm)). Lectotypified by Baldini & Longhi Wagner, Taxon 55: 472. 2006.
Spartina glabra Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 95, f. 4(2). 1816.Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. 
Spartina glabra var. alterniflora Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott, var. alterniflora (Loiseleur-Deslongchamps) Merrill, Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr., U.S.D.A. 9: 9. 1902.Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps 1807. 
Spartina glabra var. pilosa Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott, var. pilosa Merrill, Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr., U.S.D.A. 9: 9. 1902. NEW JERSEY: Atlantic Co.: Atlantic City, Aug 1895, Lamson-Scribner s.n. (holotype: ?; isotype: US).
Spartina laevigata Spartina laevigata Bosc ex Link, Jahrb. Gewachsk. 1(3): 92. 1820.  
Spartina maritima subsp. glabra Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald, subsp. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) Saint-Yves, Candollea 5: 24, 49. 1932.Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. 
Spartina maritima var. alterniflora Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald, var. alterniflora (Loiseleur-Deslongchamps) Saint-Yves, Candollea 5: 25, 53. 1932.Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps 1807. 
Spartina maritima var. brasiliensis Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald, var. brasiliensis (Raddi) Saint-Yves, Candollea 5: 25, 56. 1932.Spartina brasiliensis Raddi 1823. 
Spartina maritima var. glabra Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald, var. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) A. Gray ex Saint-Yves, Candollea 5: 24, 49. 1932.Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. 
Spartina merrillii Spartina merrillii A. Chevalier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 80: 787, t. 8(3). 1933, pro hybr.  
Spartina stricta var. alterniflora Spartina stricta (Aiton) Roth, var. alterniflora (Loiseleur-Deslongchamps) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 552. 1856.Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps 1807. 
Spartina stricta var. glabra Spartina stricta (Aiton) Roth, var. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 552. 1856.Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. 
Spartina alterniflora Spartina alterniflora Loisel., Fl. Gall. 719. 1807.  
Spartina alterniflora var. glabra    
Spartina alterniflora var. pilosa Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, var. pilosa (Merrill) Fernald, Rhodora 18: 179. 1916.Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott, var. pilosa Merrill 1902. 
Spartina stricta var. maritima Spartina stricta (Aiton) Roth, var. maritima Lamson-Scribner, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 45. 1894, nom. illegit.Spartina stricta (Aiton) Roth, var. glabra (Muhlenberg ex Elliott) A. Gray 1856; Spartina glabra Muhlenberg ex Elliott 1816; Dactylis maritima Walter 1788, non Curtis 1787. 
Trachynotia alterniflora Trachynotia alterniflora (Loiseleur-Deslongchamps) de Candolle, in de Candolle & Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 5: 279. 1815.Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur-Deslongchamps 1807. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1949 - 1977

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU104112 Mobile 29 Aug 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10413
JSU
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
UNA00005991 Mobile 28 Sep 1949 Harper, Roland M.
4155
UNA
Spartina alterniflora Loisel.
JSU104113 Mobile 14 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12771a
JSU
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
UWAL0038183 Mobile 11 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8834
UWAL
Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela
TROY000047322 Mobile 08 Nov 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8903
TROY
Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela
TROY000047238 Mobile 11 Oct 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8834
TROY
Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela
USAM000012661 Baldwin 27 Sep 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8715
USAM
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
UWAL0044302 Baldwin 05 Oct 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
777
UWAL
Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P. M. Peterson & Saarela
UWAL0002181 Baldwin 29 Oct 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13117
UWAL
Spartina alterniflora Loisel.
ALNHS00000247 Mobile 29 Aug 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10413
ALNHS
Sporobolus alterniflorus Loisel.
UNA00005996 Mobile 09 Oct 1977 Harvey, Denise
297
UNA
Spartina alterniflora Loisel.
USAM000012658 Mobile 11 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8825
USAM
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
JSU104114 Mobile 14 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12771b
JSU
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
SAMF0001348 Mobile 24 Sep 1988 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2601
SAMF
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
UWAL0038418 Mobile 08 Nov 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8903
UWAL
Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela
USAM000012662 Mobile 08 Nov 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8898
USAM
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
USAM000012659 Mobile 23 Nov 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
5023
USAM
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
UNA00005986 Mobile 02 Aug 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D 624
UNA
Spartina alterniflora Loisel.
TROY000047151 Mobile 21 Nov 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8933
TROY
Sporobolus alterniflorus (Loisel.) P.M. Peterson & Saarela
USAM000012660 Baldwin 04 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8791
USAM
Spartina alterniflora Loiseleur
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