Paspalum plicatulum

Family:POACEAE
Species:Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
Common Name:Brown Seed Crowngrass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PAPL3
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Paspalum
Species Paspalum plicatulum Michaux - Brown Seed Crowngrass

Citation

Citation PASPALUM PLICATULUM Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 45. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: "Georgia et Florida", without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Panicum plicatulum Panicum plicatulum (Michaux) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 363. 1898.Paspalum plicatulum Michaux 1803. 
Paspalum antillense Paspalum antillense Husnot, Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, ser. 2. 5: 260. 1871. GUADELOUPE: Without data, Husnot 76 (holotype: BR; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum atrocarpum Paspalum atrocarpum Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 25. 1853.  
Paspalum campestre Paspalum campestre Schlechtendal, Linnaea 26: 131. 1853, non Trinius 1834. VENEZUELA
Paspalum gracile Paspalum gracile Leconte, J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 91: 285. 1820, non Rudge 1805. GEORGIA
Paspalum leptos Paspalum leptos Schultes, Mant. 2: 173. 1824.Paspalum gracile Leconte 1820, non Rudge 1805. 
Paspalum montevidense Paspalum montevidense Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 246. 1824 ("1825"). URUGUAY: Montevideo, s.d., Sellow 670 (holotype: B?; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum multiflorum Paspalum multiflorum Desvaux, Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 58. 1831. BRAZIL: Without data (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum pauperculum Paspalum pauperculum E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 10. 1886. MEXICO: San Luis Potosí: San Luis Potosí, 1851, Virlet 1320 (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum pauperculum var. altius Paspalum pauperculum E. Fournier, var. altius E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 10. 1886. MEXICO: Veracruz: Orizaba, s.d., Bourgeau 2633 [mis-cited as 2033] (holotype: P).
Paspalum plicatulum subsp. montevidense Paspalum plicatulum Michaux, subsp. montevidense (Sprengel) Rosengurtt et al., Gram. Urug. 373. 1970.Paspalum montevidense Sprengel 1824. 
Paspalum plicatulum var. genuinum Paspalum plicatulum Michaux, var. genuinum Parodi, Revista Mus. La Plata 1: 231. 1937, nom. inadmiss.Paspalum plicatulum Michaux 1803. 
Paspalum plicatulum var. glabrum Paspalum plicatulum Michaux, var. glabrum Arechavaleta, Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 58. 1894. URUGUAY
Paspalum plicatulum var. intumescens Paspalum plicatulum Michaux, var. intumescens Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 77. 1877. BRAZIL: Minas Gerais: Lagoa Santa, s.d., Warming s.n. (holotype: KR; isotype: US).
Paspalum plicatulum var. villosissimum Paspalum plicatulum Michaux, var. villosissimum Pilger, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 131. 1901. BRAZIL: Matto Grosso: Cuiabá Valley above Rosario, 11 Apr 1899, Pilger 440 (holotype: B; isotype: BAA(fragm)).
Paspalum plicatum Paspalum plicatum Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 86. 1805, nom. illegit.Paspalum plicatulum Michaux 1803. 
Paspalum pubifolium Paspalum pubifolium J. Presl, in C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 219. 1830. PERU: Huanuco: Huanuco, s.d., Haenke s.n. (holotype: PR; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum ramosum Paspalum ramosum Swallen, Phytologia 14: 380. 1967. BRAZIL: Rio Grande do Sul: Instituto Agronomico do Sul, Pelotas, 10 Nov 1954, Sacco 221 (holotype: US).
Paspalum tenue Paspalum tenue Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 26. 1829, nom. illegit. et non Gaertner 1791.Paspalum leptos Schultes 1824; Paspalum gracile Leconte 1820, non Rudge 1805. 
Paspalum undulatum Paspalum undulatum Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 5: 29. 1804. PUERTO RICO: Without data, Ledru s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: US(fragm)).
Paspalum virgatum var. undulatum Paspalum virgatum Linnaeus, var. undulatum A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl., ed. 2. 390. 1871.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lowndes, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1884 - 1890

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0010678 Crenshaw 07 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16482
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
TROY000012487 Butler 27 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17640
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
USAM000012379 Mobile 10 Jun 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11130
USAM
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UWAL0010217 Crenshaw 25 Sep 2006 Kral, Robert
97661
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
USAM000012384 Mobile 17 Oct 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4883
USAM
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UWAL0038280 Baldwin 18 May 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8461
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000030726 Lowndes 11 Sep 1954 Davis, Donald E.
s.n.
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000029807 Houston 10 Aug 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12514
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000012490 Covington 18 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17587
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UWAL0043448 Baldwin 10 Aug 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
827
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
UNA00005487 Mobile 20 Jun 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
TROY000016745 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19610
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000047122 Baldwin 18 May 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8461
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UWAL0043449 Baldwin 12 May 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
1360
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
TROY000035434 Crenshaw 25 Sep 2006 Kral, Robert
97661
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
USAM000012381 Mobile 17 Jun 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11152
USAM
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UNA00005477 Baldwin 06 Jun 1890 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
TROY000044322 Houston 18 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27631
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
ALNHS00006692 Montgomery 05 Oct 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4946
ALNHS
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
TROY000050033 Escambia 03 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5491
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
AUA000024441 Houston 10 Aug 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12514
AUA
Paspalum Plicatulum Michx.
TROY000012491 Geneva 25 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91149
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UNA00056466 Baldwin 24 May 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7798
UNA
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
UNA00005492 Mobile 20 Jun 1884 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
UWAL0014703 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
937
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
AUA000026985 Baldwin 11 Dec 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-279
AUA
Paspalum Plicatulum Michx.
TROY000012489 Crenshaw 07 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16482
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UWAL0039700 Montgomery 19 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27492
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
USAM000012382 Baldwin 18 May 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8461
USAM
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
USAM000012380 Mobile 28 May 2004 Zebryk, Tad
8548
USAM
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UWAL0049270 Escambia 03 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5491
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
UWAL0039294 Houston 09 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27459
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000035174 Pike 15 Aug 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23233
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000046426 Montgomery 19 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27492
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000036279 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
937
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
UNA00066750 Crenshaw 07 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16482
UNA
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
UWAL0011106 Pike 15 Aug 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23233
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
AUA000018509 Covington 4 Jun 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8308
AUA
Paspalum Plicatulum Michx.
UWAL0009079 Houston 10 Aug 2006 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12514
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michx.
USAM000012383 Mobile 14 May 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8452
USAM
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
AUA000018508 Coffee 13 Aug 1973 Kral, Robert
51235
AUA
Paspalum Plicatulum Michx.
UWAL0039528 Houston 18 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27631
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000043971 Houston 09 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27459
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
AUA000018511 Lowndes 11 Sep 1954 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Paspalum Plicatulum Michx.
AUA000037931 Escambia 3 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5491
AUA
Paspalum Plicatulum Michx.
UWAL0039702 Houston 05 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27367
UWAL
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000012488 Butler 14 Jul 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17801
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000046401 Houston 05 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27367
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
TROY000026896 Conecuh 22 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19454
TROY
Paspalum plicatulum Michaux
AUA000018510 Geneva 1 Jul 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8719
AUA
Paspalum Plicatulum Michx.
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