Platanthera ciliaris

Family:ORCHIDACEAE
Species:Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
Common Name:Yellow Fringed Orchid; Orange Fringed Orchid; Orange Plume
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PLCI2
Plant Notes:Yellow Fringed Orchid is a native herbaceous perennial in the Orchid family (Orchidaceae). It is one of the most common species of orchid in Alabama, and occurs nearly state wide. Yellow Fringed Orchid grows in wet open habitats such as pitcher plant bogs, pine flatwoods, seeps, and moist roadsides. It is a perennial from thick, cord-like roots. There is usually a single stem from each root mass. The stems are from 1-3 feet in height. The stems are green, glabrous, and slightly ribbed. Leaves are alternate, elliptic to lance-elliptic in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. The leaves are reduced in size upwards on the stem, and are often strongly keeled. Flowers are produced in a terminal raceme. Flowers are resupinate (upside down), bright orange in color, and have a long cylindrical spur. The lip petal is large and fringed along its margins. The fruit is a capsule with many dust-like seed. Because of its size and vibrant color, Yellow Fringed Orchid is easy to spot when in flower. Crested Yellow Orchid (Platanthera cristata (Michaux) Lindley) is a similar but smaller species. Large White Fringed Orchid (Platanthera conspicua (Nash) P.M. Brown) is also similar in size and shape, but the flower color is white. Yellow Fringed Orchid forms hybrids with both species (Platanthera ciliaris with P. blephariglottis are P. × bicolor (Rafinesque) Luer and with P. cristata are P. × channellii Folsom). Like all our native orchids, the Yellow Fringed Orchid has a complex relationship with fungi in the soil which make it difficult if not impossible to transplant successfully. No native orchids should be picked or dug. Some nurseries that specialize in orchids have Yellow Fringed Orchid for sale. Before purchasing one you should make sure that the plants were propagated from nursery material and not dug from nature.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyORCHIDACEAE - Orchid family
Genus Platanthera
Species Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley - Yellow Fringed Orchid; Orange Fringed Orchid; Orange Plume

Citation

Citation PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (Linnaeus) Lindley, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 292. 1835.
Basionym: Orchis ciliaris Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1054.13). Lectotypified by Reveal et al., Huntia 7: 229. 1987.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Blephariglotis flaviflora Blephariglotis flaviflora Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 39. 1837 ("1836"), nom. illegit.Orchis ciliaris Linnaeus 1753. 
Blephariglotis ciliaris Blephariglotis ciliaris (Linnaeus) Rydberg, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 296. 1901.Orchis ciliaris Linnaeus 1753. 
Habenaria ciliaris Habenaria ciliaris (Linnaeus) R. Brown, in Aiton f., Hortus Kew. 5: 194. 1813.Orchis ciliaris Linnaeus 1753. 
Orchis ciliaris Orchis ciliaris Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 939. 1753. Without data (lectotype: LINN 1054.13). Lectotypified by Reveal et al., Huntia 7: 229. 1987.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Jackson, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Randolph, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1878 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU113533 Calhoun 29 Aug 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10687
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000011362 Perry 18 Jul 2003 Michael Woods
9813
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC067730 Covington 14 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3450
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
AMAL00001307 Calhoun 4 Aug 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6735
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AMAL00012897 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3025
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC017529 Baldwin 25 JUL 1969 ELLIS, H. C.
074
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
JSU113541 Clay 6 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11915
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC017530 Macon 6 AUG 1969 OWENS, JAMES R.
107
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UWAL0005042 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3824
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
JSU113538 Cherokee 7 Aug 1972 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UNA00008697 Jackson 21 Aug 1949 C. B. Segars
156
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
AUA_ACC063853 Conecuh 31 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14543
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UWAL0034757 Covington 16 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74309
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UNA00008686 DeKalb 10 Aug 1973 R. Kral
51071
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
UNA00008692 Houston 12 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6678
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
UWAL0005043 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3025
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
TROY000039845 Escambia 06 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24507
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC062812 Cleburne 19 JUL 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
JSU113549 Etowah 17 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2871
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC013074 Tallapoosa 31 JUL 1966 JOHNSON, W. C.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
SAMF0000739 Baldwin 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4444
SAMF
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0014122 Escambia 06 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24507
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0038162 Mobile 08 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8101.1
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
AMAL00009101 Conecuh 31 Jul 2004 A. R. Diamond
14543
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC041692 Clay 29 JUL 1973 SPENCER, S. K.
111
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
TROY000011360 Dallas 06 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14569
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UNA00062965 Montgomery 29 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14542
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
UNA00008687 Greene 02 Aug 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1221
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
AUA_ACC044056 Escambia 6 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2866
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00008617 Tuscaloosa 01 Sep 1986 Robert Burckhalter
700
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
JSU113547 Cleburne 7 Aug 1994 S. E. Hruska
288
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000026592 Autauga 30 Jul 1980 Larry Dalrymple
44
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113542 Clay 8 Aug 1983 M. G. Bussey
962
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0035339 Mobile 06 Aug 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2681
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AMAL00008928 Autauga 30 Jul 1980 L. Dalrymple
044
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC072709 Baldwin 13 AUG 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-488
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
JSU113535 Calhoun 31 Jul 1973 C. W. Summerour, III
s.n.
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000011364 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3824
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113543 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19572
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC020640 Geneva 25 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
602-69
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
SAMF0000740 Bibb 31 Jul 2002 Davenport, L. J.
2804
SAMF
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0030422 Bibb 07 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5567
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus)
AUA_ACC050990 Butler 16 AUG 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8392
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00064828 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3025
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
UWAL0005443 Mobile 08 Aug 1952 Tippins
s.n.
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindley
AUA_ACC039862 Conecuh 7 JUL 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1294
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00008612 Escambia 07 Aug 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7532
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
JSU113552 Randolph 2 Aug 1973 Tom W. French
366
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113532 Bibb 16 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3213
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0018423 Houston 15 Jul 1992 Kral, R.
81114
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
TROY000026594 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3020
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AMAL00012888 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3020
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC063588 Autauga 30 JUL 1980 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
44
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
JSU113551 Jackson 3 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
996
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC065442 Cleburne 4 AUG 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1990
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
TROY000011361 Montgomery 29 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14542
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC047382 Randolph 2 AUG 1973 RUSSELL, ROBIN
216
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC046732 Covington 21 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3517
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
TROY000030865 Mobile 08 Aug 1952 Tippins D.E.D.
s.n.
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UNA00007935 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
AUA_ACC053703 Crenshaw 6 AUG 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9286
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00008652 Washington 19 Aug 1955 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
UNA00008602 Calhoun 24 Jul 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7468
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
TROY000049073 Lowndes 17 Jul 2019 Alvin R. Diamond
29013
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AMAL00019307 Calhoun 18 Jul 1994 J. M. Ballard
4120
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC062515 Mobile 16 AUG 1996 ANDERSON, LORAN C.
16,904
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
JSU113545 Cleburne 8 Aug 1983 M. G. Bussey
815
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC007330 Mobile JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
262
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
JSU113534 Calhoun 31 Jul 1973 C. W. Summerour, III
s.n.
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000011359 Conecuh 31 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14543
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC012312 Lee 11 JUL 1968 BARWICK, L. H.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
AMAL00009125 Dallas 6 Aug 2004 A. R. Diamond
14569
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC001929 Mobile 8 AUG 1952 TIPPINS, D.E.D.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
AUA_ACC050991 Coffee 15 AUG 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8391
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00062962 Conecuh 31 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14543
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
TROY000038423 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24540
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC039874 Conecuh 7 JAN 1983 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00023687 Escambia 17 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9490
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
JSU113553 Winston 12 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
676
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0043495 Baldwin 22 Aug 2002 McArthur, Jill D.
1085
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
AUA_ACC004298 Lee 18 JUL 1962 GRAMLICH, JIM
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
AMAL00014398 Bibb 7 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3806
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113536 Calhoun 31 Jul 1973 C. W. Summerour, III
s.n.
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000011363 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3025
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113546 Cleburne 5 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11890
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC020719 Houston 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
523
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UWAL0018047 Etowah 03 Aug 1989 Kral, R.
76827
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
JSU113544 Cleburne 9 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
472
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC013978 Baldwin 7 AUG 1966 SCHMITTON, H. R.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00067113 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3824
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
TROY000042692 Covington 09 Aug 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26694
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000026593 Cherokee 24 Jul 1969 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UNA00008696 Monroe 08 Aug 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7572
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
SAMF0000741 Sumter 25 Jul 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3504
SAMF
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000048562 Autauga 18 Jul 2018 Matthew R. Parker
1744
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113539 Clay 28 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
575
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0005041 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3020
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
UWAL0030674 Covington 09 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26694
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113550 Etowah 17 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2849
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC053638 Calhoun 28 JUL 1993 HILTON, JAREL L.
90
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UWAL0014897 Conecuh 03 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24426
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
TROY000028188 Bibb 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3806
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC043571 Conecuh 26 JUL 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1300
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
AMAL00019308 Calhoun 24 Jul 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7468
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UNA00062959 Dallas 06 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14569
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
UNA00012747 Tuscaloosa 31 Jul 1878 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
AUA_ACC063851 Dallas 6 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14569
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UNA00017056 Bibb 29 Jul 1989 Robert Burckhalter
1672
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
UNA00008607 Madison 10 Aug 1979 Russell A. Meigs
208
UNA
Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
AUA_ACC005408 Lee 29 JUL 1954 LOWRY, HARRY E.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UWAL0043496 Baldwin 22 Aug 2002 McArthur, Jill D.
1086
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
AUA_ACC012311 Talladega 20 JUL 1968 GRIMES, JR., E. S.
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
AMAL00013358 Wilcox 7 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3824
AMAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113548 DeKalb 17 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1212
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UWAL0015121 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24540
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
JSU113540 Clay 6 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11911
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
AUA_ACC037749 DeKalb 19 AUG 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
397
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UWAL0005040 Bibb 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3806
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
JSU113537 Cherokee 7 Aug 1972 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
UNA00064810 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3020
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
AUA_ACC063852 Montgomery 29 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14542
AUA
PLATANTHERA CILIARIS (L.) LINDL.
UWAL0030536 Covington 15 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74289
UWAL
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
UNA00055888 Mobile 16 Aug 1996 Loran C. Anderson
16904
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
UNA00060145 Bibb 09 Aug 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10417
UNA
Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
TROY000011358 Butler 18 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12610
TROY
Platanthera ciliaris (Linnaeus) Lindley
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