Muscari neglectum

Family:HYACINTHACEAE
Species:Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
Common Name:Starch Grape Hyacinth
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MUNE
Plant Notes:Starch Grape Hyacinth is an introduced spring flowering bulb in the Hyacinth Family (Hyacinthaceae). It is native to Eurasia, but has been widely planted around the world. In Alabama, it can be found in the central and northern portions of the state. Starch Grape Hyacinth occurs around old home sites, on roadsides, in cemeteries, in lawns, and in pastures. Starch Grape Hyacinth is a perennial from an ovoid bulb. Each bulb produces 3-6 channeled, linear leaves that are 6-10 inches in length. The leaves are produced in the fall or early winter and wither in early spring about the time of flowering. The flowers are produced in a raceme on a stout scape (flowering stalk). The scape is equal to or slightly shorter than the leaves in length. Each raceme contains 20-40 flowers. Flowers are urceolate to cylindrical in shape. They are blue-black in color with white “teeth” surrounding the opening. The flowers near the top of the raceme are sterile and are often smaller in size and paler in color than the fertile flowers. The flowers are fragrant with an odor reminiscent of grapes. The fruit is a capsule. Grape Hyacinths are easy to grow, and tolerate most soil types. Starch Grape Hyacinth is the most heat tolerant of the Grape Hyacinths, and is the only species to occur in central and south Alabama. They prefer full sun, but can be grown in light shade under deciduous trees. They can be allowed to naturalize in lawns, be planted along paths or under trees, or used to provide early color in beds before other plants emerge. They can also be forced indoors.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyHYACINTHACEAE - Hyacinth Family family
Genus Muscari
Species Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore - Starch Grape Hyacinth

Citation

Citation MUSCARI NEGLECTUM Gussone, in Tenore, Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol., App. 5. 13. 1842.
Basionym: Hyacinthus racemosus Linnaeus 1753.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Botryanthus amoenus Botryanthus amoenus Heldreich ex Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 91. 1932.  
Botryanthus atlanticus Botryanthus atlanticus (Boissier & Reuter) Nyman, Consp. Pl. Eur. 734. 1882.Muscari atlanticum Boissier & Reuter 1852. 
Botryanthus mordoanum Botryanthus mordoanum (Heldreich) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 734. 1882.Muscari mordoanus Heldreich 1878. 
Botryanthus neglectus Botryanthus neglectus (Gussone) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 679. 1843.Muscari neglectum Gussone 1842. 
Botryanthus odorus Botryanthus odorus Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 311. 1843, nom. illegit.Muscari neglectum Gussone 1842. 
Botryanthus pulchellus Botryanthus pulchellus (Heldreich & Sartorelli ex Boissier) Jordan & Fourreau, Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 23. 1870.Muscari pulchellum Heldreich & Sartorelli ex Boissier 1859. 
Botryanthus racemosus Botryanthus racemosus (Linnaeus) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 17: 160. 1869.Hyacinthus racemosus Linnaeus 1753. 
Botryanthus sartorii Botryanthus sartorii Todaro, Hort. Bot. Panorm. t. 5. 1876. ITALY
Botryanthus strangwaysii Botryanthus strangwaysii (Tenore) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 4: 679. 1843.Muscari strangwaysii Tenore 1839. 
Botryanthus vulgaris var. strangwaysii Botryanthus vulgaris (Linnaeus) Kunth, var. strangwaysii (Tenore) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 307. 1890.Muscari strangwaysii Tenore 1839. 
Hyacinthus racemosus Hyacinthus racemosus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 318. 1753. Without data (Lectotype: LINN 438.17). Lectotypified by Stearn, Ann. Mus. Goulandris 8: 208. 1990.
Muscari atlanticum Muscari atlanticum Boissier & Reuter, Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bot. Hispan 114. 1852.  
Muscari bootanensis Muscari bootanensis Griffith, Ic. Pl. Asiat. 3: t. 280. 1851.  
Muscari flaccidum Muscari flaccidum O. Schwarz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 73. 1934. TURKEY
Muscari grandifolium Muscari grandifolium Baker, in Saunders, Refug. Bot. 3: t. 173. 1870.  
Muscari letourneuxii Muscari letourneuxii Boissier, Fl. Orient. 5: 299. 1884. EGYPT
Muscari leucostomum Muscari leucostomum Woronow, in Czerniakowska, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 267. 1930. TURKMENISTAN
Muscari macranthum Muscari macranthum Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 192. 1896. TURKEY
Muscari mordoanum Muscari mordoanum Heldreich, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 28: 52. 1878. GREECE: Kerkyra (Corfu) Island:
Muscari nivale Muscari nivale Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 13. 1885. IRAN
Muscari pulchellum Muscari pulchellum Heldreich & Sartorelli ex Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 3(4): 109. 1859. GREECE
Muscari strangwaysii Muscari strangwaysii Tenore, Index Sem. (Napoli) 1839: 11. 1839, nom. rej. propos. TURKEY
Muscari vandasii Muscari vandasii Velenovsky, Fl. Bulg. 555. 1891. BULGARIA
Muscari racemosum Muscari racemosum (Linnaeus) Medikus, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 2: 13. 1793, non Miller 1768.Hyacinthus racemosus Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Calhoun, Cherokee, Cleburne, Colbert, Etowah, Hale, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0009762 Colbert 11 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6918
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
JSU102469 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9612
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AUA_ACC019837 Colbert 17 MAY 1970 FLURRY, TOMMY
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
UWAL0004738 Jackson 30 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4142
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
UNA00068740 Etowah 21 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4072
UNA
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
JSU102447 Calhoun 29 Mar 1987 C. L. Lawler
1525
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AUA_ACC032145 St. Clair 7 APR 1978 OWSLEY, M.
513
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
JSU102448 Calhoun 21 Mar 1993 L. L. Weninegar
39
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0002891 Montgomery 20 Mar 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21794
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0004740 St. Clair 11 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3372
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
AMAL00011674 Cherokee 27 Mar 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12215
AMAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex. Ten.
JSU102446 Calhoun 01 Mar 1992 J. M. Ballard
17
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
TROY000025801 Madison 27 Mar 1981 Robert Kral
66721
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AMAL00010111 Colbert 02 Apr 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12072
AMAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex. Ten.
TROY000046058 Etowah 21 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4072
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102462 Lawrence 19 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17619
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102459 Jackson 26 Mar 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1567
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AUA_ACC021227 Lee 12 APR 1970 KNOTTS, CARL R.
092
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
JSU102445 Calhoun 12 Apr 1992 D. S. Bailey
49
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0004801 Sumter 21 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3427
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
UWAL0013396 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4083
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UNA00064127 Colbert 2 Apr 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12072
UNA
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
JSU102467 Marshall 03 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1271
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AUA_ACC046866 Madison 4 APR 1981 ROBINSON, C. L.
007
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
JSU102456 Etowah 20 Mar 1994 L. M. Hodge
785
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102452 Cherokee 07 Apr 1983 Steve Martin
45
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102471 St. Clair 13 Mar 1984 Donna Beavers
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0010495 Sumter 16 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6337
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex Ten.
AMAL00018930 St. Clair 11 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3372
AMAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex. Ten.
UNA00061296 Lawrence 23 Mar 2000 Kevin England
126
UNA
Muscari racemosum (L.) Lam. & DC.
JSU102453 Cleburne 21 Mar 1994 D. D. Spaulding
5144
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
TROY000025799 Colbert 02 Apr 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12072
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102466 Madison 06 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1240
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0039215 Lowndes 07 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28778
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102451 Calhoun 25 Mar 1970 Peggy Tinney
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102472 Talladega 02 Apr 1979 Gary Knight
5
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AMAL00009459 Etowah 21 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4072
AMAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex. Ten.
UNA00007560 Hale 22 Mar 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
s.n.
UNA
Muscari racemosum (L.) Lam. & DC.
AUA_ACC066848 Cherokee 27 MAR 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12215
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
JSU102457 Etowah 17 Mar 1984 J. S. Longshore
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0004802 Sumter 08 Mar 2006 Skinner, Angie
0010
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
TROY000025802 Sumter 21 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3427
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102465 Madison 16 Apr 1996 S. E. Hruska
1014
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0042731 Limestone 31 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
10062
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Gussoni ex Tenore
JSU102464 Lee 02 Apr 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102468 Montgomery 31 Mar 1979 Becky Owen
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AMAL00017625 Etowah 06 Mar 1994 Clint Payne
3
AMAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex. Ten.
UWAL0010625 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7028
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex Ten.
JSU102450 Calhoun 10 Mar 1955 John E. Butler
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
TROY000045022 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 J. Kevin England
4083
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UNA00066983 St. Clair 11 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3372
UNA
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
UWAL0004739 Lawrence 22 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1681
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
AUA_ACC001799 Lee MAR 1950 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
TROY000044249 Montgomery 17 Mar 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27261
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102461 Lauderdale 10 Apr 1969 Don Vickery
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0004737 Etowah 21 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4072
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
UNA00063988 Cherokee 27 Mar 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12215
UNA
Muscari neglectum Guss. ex Ten.
JSU102470 Morgan 18 Mar 1994 D. D. Spaulding
5110
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
TROY000044742 Autauga 31 Jan 2017 Matthew R. Parker
343
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
TROY000025800 Jackson 30 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4142
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102458 Etowah 02 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
892
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
TROY000039352 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
7028
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102455 Colbert 09 Apr 1969 Linda McWilliams
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102463 Lawrence 21 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
47
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
UWAL0033247 Montgomery 17 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27261
UWAL
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
AMAL00013456 Sumter 21 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3427
AMAL
Muscari neglectum Guss. Ex. Ten.
UNA00007570 Hale 24 Mar 1963 Norris H. Williams
12
UNA
Muscari racemosum (L.) Lam. & DC.
AUA_ACC064469 Colbert 2 APR 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12072
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
AUA_ACC047368 Etowah 28 MAR 1973 GUYSE, KEITH D.
7
AUA
MUSCARI NEGLECTUM GUSS. EX TEN.
TROY000025803 St. Clair 11 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3372
TROY
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
JSU102460 Jackson 28 Mar 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7636
JSU
Muscari neglectum Gussone ex Tenore
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