Narcissus pseudonarcissus

Family:AMARYLLIDACEAE
Species:Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
Common Name:Common Daffodil; Trumpet Narcissus
Habitat:Cultivated, old home-sites, fields and roadsides.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:NAPS
Plant Notes:Common Daffodil is an introduced perennial bulb in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). It is native to Europe, but is widely cultivated. In Alabama, it can be found state wide. Common Daffodil can be found on roadsides, in pastures, and around old home sites. It is a scapose (lacking an above ground lefy stem) perennial from an ovoid bulb. The leaves are flat, linear, glabrous, glaucous, and entire. Flowers are solitary. The flowers are yellow in color and fragrant. The corona is as long or longer than the tepals. The fruit is a capsule. Some forms of Common Daffodil have the corona divided into segments resembling the tepals, with petaloid stamens (the stamens are broad and flat, petal-like in appearance and lacking anthers). The forms are often referred to as “Butter and Eggs”, or “Cheese and Eggs”. The genus Narcissus is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. These plants are widely cultivated for their early spring bloom and sweet sent in some species. Bulb enthusiasts divide the genus into sections based on the size and shape of the flower and the number of flowers produced per flowering stalk. Six species and four hybrids have been documented as naturalized or persisting in Alabama. Plants with one or two large flowers and flat leaves are referred to as Daffodils, whereas plants with many small blossoms and cylindrical leaves are called Jonquils. Many other species and hybrids are sometimes cultivated. Plants reproduce sexually by seed, and asexually by forming new bulbs around the old one. They contain toxic chemicals as well as raphide crystals that make them unpalatable to most herbivores.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, GNR (Global Rank)
References: Spaulding, D.D. and T.W. Barger. 2014. Key to the Daffodils (Narcissus, Amaryllidaceae) of Alabama and adjacent states. Phytoneuron 2014-82: 1–10.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAMARYLLIDACEAE - Amaryllis Family family
Genus Narcissus
Species Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. - Common Daffodil; Trumpet Narcissus

Citation

Citation Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 289. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. Burser III: 42. (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by Barra & López González, Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 40: 349. 1984.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Crenshaw, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Henry, Jackson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1959 - 1959

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00018393 Lauderdale 16 Mar 2010 Holt, Brian D.
252
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000028821 Etowah 24 Feb 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4029
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0004820 Sumter 07 Mar 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5672
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00017639 DeKalb 25 May 1993 Clearman Jr., F.W.
754
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
ALNHS00003313 Butler 20 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#106
ALNHS
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
Brit54273 Calhoun 09 Mar 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11677
BRIT
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AMAL00002776 Lawrence 15 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4734
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0047646 Winston 12 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#69
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AUA000040927 Lee 28 Feb 2017 Taylor, Chris T.
CSP-408
AUA
Narcissus Pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00000040 Calhoun 09 Mar 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1167
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000032894 Crenshaw 12 Feb 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21739
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109897 Clay 19 Feb 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1151
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0015275 Madison 22 Mar 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8265
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
UNA00068753 Etowah 24 Feb 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4029
UNA
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
JSU109905 Talladega 12 Mar 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
76
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0036899 Morgan 19 Feb 2017 England, J. Kevin
7118
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0002895 Henry 17 Feb 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21741
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
TROY000034453 Montgomery 18 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21183
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0032552 Lamar 15 Mar 2015 England, J. Kevin
5337
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
TROY000025809 Calhoun 09 Mar 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11677
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109902 Marshall 13 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1152
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
ALNHS00003311 Tallapoosa 12 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#67
ALNHS
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00021520 Randolph 15 Mar 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13886
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0015552 Lawrence 15 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4734
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UNA00061187 Calhoun 09 Mar 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11677
UNA
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
UWAL0017031 Randolph 15 Mar 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13886
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AUA000027471 Russell 15 Feb 2002 Gil, Glenda
2002-44
AUA
Narcissus Pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000011224 Pike 19 Feb 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12920
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AMAL00019365 Butler 04 Mar 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16150
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
ALNHS00003310 Choctaw 6 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#1
ALNHS
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AUA000027468 Butler 4 Mar 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16150
AUA
Narcissus Pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00023390 Franklin 15 Mar 2015 England, Kevin J.
5336
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0038950 Blount 12 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#41
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AMAL00021476 St. Clair 15 Mar 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13892
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
TROY000050679 Lawrence 15 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4734
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0004821 Winston 19 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1617
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000039054 Elmore 09 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24819
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109904 Talladega 5 Mar 1992 Bailey, D.S.
44
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0002813 Crenshaw 12 Feb 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21739
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AUA000040619 Lee 12 Mar 1953 Blackwell, S.C.
AUA
Narcissus Pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000032812 Bullock 04 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21758
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0004817 Etowah 24 Feb 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4029
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000038386 Bullock 31 Jan 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1488
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109901 Limestone 1 Feb 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
226
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0046071 Autauga 06 Feb 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1515
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AMAL00021516 Cleburne 15 Mar 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13882
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UNA00007539 Tuscaloosa 15 Feb 1959 Williamson, Nelda Kathleen
s.n.
UNA
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
UWAL0016057 Elmore 09 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24819
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
TROY000048325 Autauga 06 Feb 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1515
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0009989 Coosa 09 Mar 2010 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13218
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00000041 Madison 15 Mar 1997 Threlkeld, Steven J.
957
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
ALNHS00003364 Pike 20 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#127
ALNHS
Narcissus pseudonarcissus GREEN DOUBLE L.
ALNHS00001807 Colbert 27 Feb 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-13
ALNHS
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00005947 Lawrence 15 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4734
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
Brit54272 Pike 19 Feb 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12920
BRIT
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0009668 Montgomery 18 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21183
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00004163 Coosa 09 Mar 2010 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13218
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000036251 Conecuh 26 Jan 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22795
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109894 Calhoun 19 Feb 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1152
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0017036 St. Clair 15 Mar 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13892
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
JSU109898 Cleburne 22 Mar 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
573
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0036893 Chilton 23 Feb 2017 England, J. Kevin
7120
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0004819 Lawrence 19 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1618
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000032307 Sumter 07 Mar 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5672
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0032551 Franklin 15 Mar 2015 England, J. Kevin
5336
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
TROY000034792 Coosa 09 Mar 2010 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13218
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109895 Cherokee 25 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7589
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
TROY000032592 Henry 17 Feb 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21741
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109903 Randolph 21 Mar 1987 Nixon, Christopher F.
3283
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AUA000027469 Jackson 5 Mar 1999 Whetstone, R.David
20006
AUA
Narcissus Pseudonarcissus L.
JSU109896 Clay 21 Mar 1981 Whetstone, R. David
10470
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0017027 Cleburne 15 Mar 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13882
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00017700 Dallas 26 Feb 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
16
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
ALNHS00003363 Russell 18 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#101
ALNHS
Narcissus pseudonarcissus DOUBLE L.
UWAL0035164 Limestone 04 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7156
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AMAL00003776 Lawrence 15 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4734
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0036900 Blount 19 Feb 2017 England, J. Kevin
7101
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UNA00060506 Bibb 15 Feb 1975 Fail, Joseph L.
27
UNA
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00019479 Etowah 24 Feb 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4029
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
JSU109900 Jackson 5 Mar 1999 Whetstone, R. David
20006
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0014773 Conecuh 26 Jan 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22795
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0004818 Greene 18 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1612
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000035872 Marengo 06 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
14
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AUA000027986 Etowah 24 Feb 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4029
AUA
Narcissus Pseudonarcissus L.
AMAL00000042 Pike 19 Feb 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12920
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
TROY000011223 Butler 04 Mar 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16150
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0001628 Marengo 13 Mar 2010 England, J. Kevin
2267
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AMAL00023389 Lamar 15 Mar 2015 England, Kevin J.
5337
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
JSU109899 Etowah 12 Mar 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
741
JSU
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
UWAL0038949 Fayette 02 Apr 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
NAR#143
UWAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
AMAL00021515 Cleburne 15 Mar 2014 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13881
AMAL
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
TROY000028182 Winston 19 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1617
TROY
Narcissus pseudonarcissus Linnaeus
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