Lycoris radiata

Family:AMARYLLIDACEAE
Species:Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
Common Name:Red Spider Lily
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LYRA
Plant Notes:Red Spider Lily is an introduced perennial bulb in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). It is native to China and Korea. Red Spider Lily is widely planted in Alabama and has escaped or persisted after cultivation. It can be found around old home sites, on roadsides, in pastures, and in disturbed woodlands. Red Spider Lily is a perennial with an underground bulb. Leaves are produced after flowering in the autumn and persist into the early summer. The leaves are linear, dark green in color with a light silver-green stripe down the middle, glabrous, with entire margins. The apex of the leaf is rounded. Flowers are produced in the autumn after the leaves have withered. Flowers are produced in a terminal umbel of 5-10 flowers at the apex of a 1-2 foot scape. Each flower has 6 wavy, reflex tepals. The 6 stamens are much longer than the flower and curve upwards. Red Spider Lily is commonly cultivated in Alabama. Other common names for the species include hurricane lily, resurrection flower, surprise lily, magic lily, and naked ladies. Lycoris radiata var. pumila occurs only in China. It is a diploid (2N=22) and can reproduce from seed. Lycoris radiata var. radiata occurs in China and also in Japan where it was introduced at about the same time as rice. It is a triploid (2N=33) and is sterile. Plants in American gardens were introduced from Japan, so they are sterile. Plants can be propagated by division of the bulbs and from offsets. The bulbs of Red Spider Lily are poisonous if eaten.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAMARYLLIDACEAE - Amaryllis Family family
Genus Lycoris
Species Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert - Red Spider Lily

Citation

Citation LYCORIS RADIATA (L'Héritier de Brutelle) Herbert, Appendix 20. 1821.
Basionym: Amaryllis radiata L'Héritier de Brutelle 1789.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amaryllis radiata Amaryllis radiata L'Héritier de Brutelle, Sert. Angl. 15. 1789 ("1788").  
Lycoris terracianii Lycoris terracianii Dammann, Cat. 44: 4. 1889.  
Nerine japonica Nerine japonica Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 139. 1866. JAPAN

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Madison, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2014 - 2014

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWFP000018785acc Escambia 23 Sep 2013 James R. Burkhalter
24377
UWFP
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000011207 Pike 05 Nov 2000 Hess, Emily
9
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
UWAL0005011 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1261
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Hér.) Herbert
USAM000001025 Mobile 12 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11666
USAM
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000011205 Covington 13 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62953
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
SAMF0000673 Jefferson 05 Sep 1991 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2761
SAMF
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
AMAL00016838 Covington 18 May 2007 Carter, Andrew
2
AMAL
Lycoris radiata (L.Her.) Herbert
TROY000028311 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1261
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
UNA00059535 Conecuh 28 Sep 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13668
UNA
Lycoris radiata (L'H?r.) Herbert
TROY000011201 Coffee 19 Sep 2006 Hendrix, Jake
88
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
AMAL00023590 Cleburne 17 Sep 2015 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14451
AMAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Hér.) Herbert
TROY000033794 Bullock 24 Sep 2011 Dykes, Bailee
162
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000011204 Covington 20 Sep 2006 Till, J.C.
36
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000033415 Bullock 16 Sep 2010 Dykes, Bailee
2
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L' Her.) Herbert
UWAL0043363 Baldwin 14 Sep 2003 Larsen, Harry S.
1258
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Her.) Herb.
TROY000011200 Butler 29 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18397
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
AUA000040933 Lee 28 Feb 2017 Taylor, Chris T.
CSP-401
AUA
Lycoris Radiata (L'Her.) Herbert
TROY000026032 Crenshaw 28 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20229
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
UWAL0010002 Calhoun 23 Sep 2011 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13371
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Hér.) Herbert
JSU109885 Etowah 7 Aug 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3021
JSU
Lycoris radiata (L’Heritier) Herbert
AMAL00012783 Covington 13 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62953
AMAL
Lycoris radiata (L.Her.) Herbert
ALNHS00003146 Bullock 01 Oct 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1556
ALNHS
Lycoris radiata (L'Hér.) Herbert
TROY000011206 Dale 28 Sep 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
1067
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000011171 Dale 15 Oct 2000 Johnson, Stephanie
3
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
UWAL0007858 Bullock 26 Sep 2010 Dykes, Bailee
2
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Her.) Herbert
SAMF0000674 Henry 26 Sep 1992 Shelley, Lansie
45
SAMF
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
ALNHS00004499 Lee 01 Feb 2017 Taylor, Chris T.
SP#2904
ALNHS
Lycoris radiata (L'Hér.) Herbert
AUA000043794 Madison 8 Oct 2020 Hansen, Curtis J.
7870
AUA
Lycoris Radiata (L'Her.) Herbert
UNA00056225 Geneva 20 Sep 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12048
UNA
Lycoris radiata (L'H?r.) Herbert
TROY000036436 Calhoun 23 Sep 2011 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13371
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000033934 Houston 16 Sep 2011 Senn, Whitney
39
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
UWAL0019204 Chilton 05 Oct 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8613
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Her.) Herbert
TROY000026033 Covington 18 May 2007 Carter, Andrew
2
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000011203 Conecuh 29 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18396
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000047774 Autauga 16 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1230
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
AMAL00017321 Baldwin 09 Sep 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
640
AMAL
Lycoris radiata (L.Her.) Herbert
UWAL0038836 Bullock 30 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4594
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
AUA000042698 Covington 26 Sep 2013 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Lycoris Radiata (L'Her.) Herbert
ALNHS00004499 Lee 01 Feb 2017 Taylor, Chris T.
SP#2904
ALNHS
Lycoris radiata (L'Hér.) Herbert
AUA000044017 Madison 8 Oct 2020 Hansen, Curtis J.
7870
AUA
Lycoris Radiata (L'Her.) Herbert
TROY000011202 Conecuh 28 Sep 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13668
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
UWAL0047255 Autauga 16 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1230
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
TROY000041572 Montgomery 05 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25583
TROY
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
UWAL0016637 Montgomery 05 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25583
UWAL
Lycoris radiata (L'Heritier) Herbert
AMAL00002421 Calhoun 23 Sep 2011 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13371
AMAL
Lycoris radiata (L.Her.) Herbert
AMAL00019524 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1261
AMAL
Lycoris radiata (L.Her.) Herbert
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