Allium mobilense

Family:AMARYLLIDACEAE
Species:Allium mobilense Regel
Common Name:Mobile Onion; Pink Wild Onion
Habitat:A wide array of habits including glades, outcrops, prairies, sands. Usually in full sun.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Mobile Onion is a native herbaceous perennial in the Onion family (Alliaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Mobile Onion occurs in sandy open woods, on rock outcrops, in prairies, and on roadsides. It is a perennial from a bulb. The bulb is ovoid with a fibrous outer coat. Each bulb produces 1-6 flat, linear, entire, glabrous leaves. The leaves may be present at flowering or may be withered. The bulb and leaves have an onion odor when crushed. Flowers are produced in an umbel on a solitary, erect scape that is longer than the leaves. The umbel has 15-50 flowers and no bulblets. Individual flowers have 6 pale pink to white tepals. The flowers are fragrant. The fruit is a papery capsule with triangular black seed. The ovary and capsule are not crested. Plants go dormant after flowering. Mobile Onion is sometimes placed as a variety of Common Wild Onion (Allium canadense Linnaeus). It differs from that species in flower color, flowering time, habitat, and by not having some or most of the flowers replaced by bulblets. Mobile Onion is edible but has a stronger flavor than the Garden Onion (Allium cepa Linnaeus). Some people experience gas and stomach cramps after consuming wild onions, especially if eaten in quantity.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:Commonly recognized as a var. of Allium canadense but seems sufficiently distinct to be recognized as a species. The inflorescences of Allium mobilense never include flowers replaced by bulbils. Allium canadense always have some flowers replaced by bulbils. Habitats of the two species also seem distinct.
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAMARYLLIDACEAE - Amaryllis Family family
Genus Allium
Species Allium mobilense Regel - Mobile Onion; Pink Wild Onion

Citation

Citation Allium mobilense Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 121. 1875.
Basionym: **
Type: ALABAMA: near Mobile

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Allium canadense subsp. mobilense Allium canadense Linnaeus, subsp. mobilense (Regel) Traub & M. Ownbey, Pl. Life 23: 110. 1967.Allium mobilense Regel 1875. 
Allium arenicola Allium arenicola Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 276. 1900. MISSISSIPPI: Lincoln Co.: Brookhaven, 1 Apr 1888, Flint s.n. (holotype: NY).
Allium canadense var. mobilense Allium canadense Linnaeus, var. mobilense (Regel) M. Ownbey, Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 188. 1951.Allium mobilense Regel 1875. 
Allium microscordion Allium microscordion Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 263, 1328. 1903. ALABAMA: Without data, May, Buckley s.n. (holotype: NY).
Allium mutabile Allium mutabile Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 195. 1803. GEORGIA

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Clarke, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Fayette, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 1971

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000050719 Morgan 03 Oct 2009 England, J. Kevin
2232
TROY
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00007122 Tuscaloosa 28 May 1955 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
SAMF0000765 Bibb 25 Apr 2011 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4665
SAMF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00016478 Montgomery 05 May 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15314
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101801 Colbert 06 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4314
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0035693 Bibb 28 Apr 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6203
UWAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00004608 Mobile 02 May 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2141
AMAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00064497 Montgomery 05 May 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15314
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
USAM000008101 Baldwin 30 Apr 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
9691
USAM
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000026917 Escambia 26 Apr 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00058861 Coosa 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88259
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000026919 Escambia 23 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4550
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0036213 Greene 30 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8381
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
USAM000008105 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7656
USAM
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0010676 Butler 10 May 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17533
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
TROY000039105 Covington 03 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25039
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
AUA000027257 Monroe 27 Apr 1981 O'Halloran, K.
098
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027260 Pike 4 May 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6874
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000037618 Houston 30 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23971
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UNA00007113 Tuscaloosa 28 May 1955 Chermock, Ottilie D.
s.n.
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000026918 Escambia 9 May 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3212
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101804 Colbert 26 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17947
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0036943 Fayette 18 May 2017 England, J. Kevin
7803
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
SAMF0006371 Bibb 28 Apr 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6213
SAMF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000026516 Colbert 10 May 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0035398 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7852
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101438 Blount 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88280
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0017100 Bibb 15 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8395
UWAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
SAMF0001438 DeKalb 12 May 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5196
SAMF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027253 Lowndes 21 Apr 2006 Davis, B.W.
6
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownby
UNA00007128 Tuscaloosa 14 May 1962 Morris, T.
4
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
USAM000008102 Mobile 23 Apr 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9149
USAM
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027251 Henry 25 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8168
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00007194 Tuscaloosa 06 May 1952 Williams, B.C.
s.n.
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000028187 St. Clair 12 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4446
TROY
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0004671 Greene 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4529
UWAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
USAM000008103 Mobile 12 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7029
USAM
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0016182 Covington 03 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25039
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
TROY000011127 Escambia 25 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15216
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0032465 Colbert 19 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6380
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
SAMF0002924 Lawrence 30 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5172
SAMF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00014544 Conecuh 10 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96352
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0030916 Sumter 20 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82352
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
TROY000043783 Escambia 15 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27400
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0031495 Morgan 07 Oct 2010 England, J. Kevin
2618
UWAL
Allium canadense (Linnaeus) var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNAF0001811 Lawrence 07 May 2008 Webb, David H.
6761
UNAF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000026916 Conecuh 10 May 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2486
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101439 Colbert 10 May 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000026882 Escambia 25 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15216
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Owenby
TROY000011123 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17486
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0033875 Clarke 23 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9529
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
AUA000026913 Baldwin 4 May 1957 Baber, W.H.
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027261 Pike 16 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8622
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00007102 Mobile _ Apr 1870 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101807 Lawrence 23 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3117
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0036979 Marion 13 May 2017 England, J. Kevin
7754
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
SAMF0002958 Dallas 13 May 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5754
SAMF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000011124 Butler 28 Apr 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17454
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0036975 Winston 13 May 2017 England, J. Kevin
7746
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101805 Coosa 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88259
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000041892 Cullman 16 May 1910 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00016290 Escambia 25 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15216
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
ALNHS00001746 Dallas 25 Apr 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#923
ALNHS
Allium mutabile Michx.
UNAF0001635 Tallapoosa 29 Apr 1962 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
UNAF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00007550 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2551
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00058716 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2551
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
USAM000008099 Marion 11 May 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4554
USAM
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027263 Shelby 16 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1348
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00016843 Hale 22 Apr 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
96
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000043838 Montgomery 10 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27384
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0035497 Marion 06 May 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6296
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027258 Montgomery 5 May 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15314
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownby
UNA00056361 Sumter 08 May 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2046
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101809 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4668
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027256 Marion 27 May 1986 Freeman, John D.
S.N
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00058948 Blount 10 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88280
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNAF0001634 Limestone 22 May 1990 Brown, James
s.n.
UNAF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027262 Russell 9 May 1970 Moore, Harold D.
007
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00057669 Bibb 26 Apr 1993 Allison, James R.
7564
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101437 Bibb 13 May 1983 Nixon, Christopher F.
317
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0004673 St. Clair 12 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4446
UWAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000026019 Butler 18 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19273
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
AUA000042542 Escambia 18 Apr 2012 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownby
TROY000046290 Lowndes 01 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28239
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0014667 Houston 30 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23971
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
AUA000026914 Baldwin 29 Mar 1969 Atkinson, Jr., A.W.
505
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000026501 Blount 23 May 1998 Keener, Brian R.
824
TROY
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0033042 Escambia 15 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27400
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
USAM000008828 Washington 29 May 2004 Zebryk, Tad
8608
USAM
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0017975 Covington 03 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26264
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
TROY000011129 Pike 12 May 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12421
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
AUA000027252 Houston 12 May 1979 Merrill, L.E.
132
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101806 Dale 02 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46151
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000041895 Cullman Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00058455 Blount 23 May 1998 Keener, Brian R.
824
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000038586 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
607
TROY
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0052411 Dallas 08 Apr 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10532
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
UNAF0001636 Lawrence 29 Apr 1995 Horton, J.S.
s.n.
UNAF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00015586 Greene 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4529
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0044074 Baldwin 21 Apr 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
1337
UWAL
Allium canadense var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000040825 Marengo 04 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2502
TROY
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0031496 Morgan 03 Oct 2009 England, J. Kevin
2232
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000042121 Covington 03 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26264
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
JSU101808 Lee 01 May 1969 Bozarth, Gene A.
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0013601 Marengo 01 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3437.2
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000026506 Sumter 27 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11789
TROY
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00007191 Mobile 01 May 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D442
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
USAM000008104 Mobile 04 May 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7723
USAM
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00007809 Lawrence 27 May 1978 Kral, Robert
61944
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0044073 Baldwin 06 May 2003 Larsen, Harry S.
1225
UWAL
Allium canadense var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027250 Henry 22 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4824
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0044736 Marion 12 Jun 2019 England, J. Kevin
10354
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNAF0001632 Colbert 17 May 1973 Yokley, David G.
s.n.
UNAF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027254 Macon 22 May 1989 Freeman, John D.
S.N
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101803 Colbert 10 May 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000026915 Butler 26 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8208
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AMAL00007351 Sumter 27 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11789
AMAL
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101440 Colbert 15 May 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16520
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027259 Pike 3 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1155
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000026021 Macon 22 May 1989 Freeman, John D.
s.n.
TROY
Allium mobilense Regel
UWAL0039763 Lowndes 01 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28239
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
SAMF0006468 Marion 06 May 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6296
SAMF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0012365 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
607
UWAL
Allium mobilense Linnaeus
JSU101802 Cullman 12 Jun 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8539
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027255 Marion 27 May 1986 Freeman, John D.
S.N.
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00006455 Walker 04 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42899
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNAF0001633 Limestone 15 May 1990 Brown, Jim
s.n.
UNAF
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
AUA000027264 Dallas 18 May 1984 Whetstone, R.David
13971
AUA
Allium Canadense L. Var. Mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UNA00007171 Mobile 30 Apr 1967 Deramus, Rebecca
D1060
UNA
Allium canadense L. var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
JSU101436 Bibb 13 May 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13384
JSU
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0033493 Winston 01 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2039
UWAL
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
TROY000014729 Greene 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4529
TROY
Allium canadense Linnaeus var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey
UWAL0019476 Wilcox 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82390
UWAL
Allium mobilense Regel
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