Juncus bufonius

Family:JUNCACEAE
Species:Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
Common Name:Toad Rush
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:JUBUO
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyJUNCACEAE - Rush family
Genus Juncus
Species Juncus bufonius Linnaeus - Toad Rush

Citation

Citation JUNCUS BUFONIUS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 328. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, van Royen s.n. (lectotype: L). Lectotypified by Cope & Stace, Watsonia 12: 113-128. 1978.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Juncus bufonius var. congestus Juncus bufonius Linnaeus, var. congestus Wahlberg, Fl. Gothob. 38. 1820. SWEDEN
Juncus bufonius var. genuinus Juncus bufonius Linnaeus, var. genuinus Coutinho, Bol. Soc. Brot. 8: 102. 1890, nom. inadmiss.Juncus bufonius Linnaeus 1753. 
Juncus bufonius var. halophilus Juncus bufonius Linnaeus, var. halophilus Buchenau & Fernald, in Fernald, Rhodora 6: 39. 1904. CANADA: Quebec: Rivière du Loup, 2 Aug 1902, Williams & Fernald s.n. (holotype: GH).
Juncus bufonius var. pumilio Juncus bufonius Linnaeus, var. pumilio Grisebach, Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 24: 316. 1879. ARGENTINA: Jujuy: Cangrejas, May 1873, Lorentz & Hieronymus 826 (lectotype: GOET; isolectotype: CORD). Lectotypified by Balslev, Fl. Neotrop. 68: 77. 1996.
Juncus bufonius var. ranarius Juncus bufonius Linnaeus, var. ranarius (Songeon & E. Perrier) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 247. 1917.Juncus ranarius Songeon & E. Perrier 1860. 
Juncus congdonii Juncus congdonii S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 480. 1887. CALIFORNIA
Juncus dregeanus Juncus dregeanus C. Presl, Abh. Boehm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5. 3: 547. 1845, non Kunth 1841.  
Juncus kelloggii Juncus kelloggii Engelmann, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 494. 1866. CALIFORNIA: San Francisco Co.: San Francisco, Apr, Kellogg s.n. (holotype: MO?).
Juncus prolifer Juncus prolifer Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 236. 1816. COLOMBIA: Tolima: Quindio near Paso de Machin, s.d., Humboldt & Bonplant s.n. (lectotype: P; isolectotype: B-W). Lectotypified by Balslev, Fl. Neotrop. 68: 77. 1996.
Juncus pygmaeus Juncus pygmaeus Savi, Bot. Etrusc. 2: 69. 1815, non Richard 1799.  
Juncus ranarius Juncus ranarius Songeon & E. Perrier, in Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne 192. 1860. FRANCE
Tenageia bufonia Tenageia bufonia (Linnaeus) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 17: 172. 1869.Juncus bufonius Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Conecuh, Dallas, Escambia, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1919 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000007539 Mobile 16 Apr 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9096
USAM
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
JSU100173 Jackson 26 May 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1886
JSU
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
AMAL00023720 Macon 18 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
2361
AMAL
Juncus bufonius L.
AUA_ACC_44897 Conecuh 13 Jun 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
857
AUA
Juncus Bufonius L.
AUA_ACC_55340 Bullock 29 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8648
AUA
Juncus Bufonius L.
UWAL0049841 Lowndes 20 May 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29290
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
TROY000049310 Autauga 03 May 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1644
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWAL0010776 Butler 21 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22948
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWFP021184 Baldwin 11 May 2014 James R. Burkhalter
24715
UWFP
Juncus bufonius L.
UWAL0045655 Mobile 23 Apr 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3109
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
TROY000037889 Conecuh 19 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24039
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWAL0043240 Baldwin 21 Jul 2005 Larsen, Harry S.
1430
UWAL
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000032612 Butler 14 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21312
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UNA00050519 Mobile 6 May 1996 Anderson, Loran C.
16317
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
UWAL0019403 Dallas 23 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82492
UWAL
Juncus bufonius L.
UWFP021185 Baldwin 11 May 2014 James R. Burkhalter
24722
UWFP
Juncus bufonius L.
UNA00053320 Tallapoosa 10 Jun 1999 Haynes, Robert R.
9994
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000049461 Lowndes 20 May 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29290
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
TROY000010912 Montgomery 05 May 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15318
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWAL0049808 Autauga 18 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
832
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
TROY000048887 Lowndes 30 Apr 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28891
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UNA00000230 Tuscaloosa 11 May 1919 Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
UNA00000234 Hale 30 Jun 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
303
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
UNA00000225 Madison 28 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
658
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000049311 Autauga 03 May 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1644
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
TROY000037810 Pike 07 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24002
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
AMAL00001001 Houston 24 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91093
AMAL
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000042175 Wilcox 12 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22054
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
AMAL00001000 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1045
AMAL
Juncus bufonius L.
UWAL0005357 Wilcox 12 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22054
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWAL0012987 Conecuh 19 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24039
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWFP021187 Escambia 29 Apr 2001 James R. Burkhalter
17773
UWFP
Juncus bufonius L.
UWAL0037459 Bullock 17 May 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
270
UWAL
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000049313 Autauga 18 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
832
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UNA00055611 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1045
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
AUA_ACC_26041 Sumter 20 Apr 1965 Kral, Robert
23779
AUA
Juncus Bufonius L.
UWAL0002069 Butler 14 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21312
UWAL
Juncus bufonius L.
UNA00050290 Houston 12 May 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11188
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
UWFP021188 Escambia 29 Apr 2001 James R. Burkhalter
17776
UWFP
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000045180 Geneva 13 Apr 2017 Byrd, Cameron
998
TROY
Juncus bufonius L.
UNA00017534 Russell 01 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46078
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
AUA_ACC_51859 Pike 24 May 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4857
AUA
Juncus Bufonius L.
UNA00000240 Mobile _ May 1860 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000010911 Houston 24 May 2001 Kral, Robert
91093
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
USAM000007540 Greene 06 Jun 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
9805
USAM
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWAL0013324 Pike 07 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24002
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UWFP021186 Escambia 18 Apr 2010 James R. Burkhalter
22675
UWFP
Juncus bufonius L.
UWAL0050086 Lowndes 30 Apr 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28891
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
UNA00000245 Tuscaloosa 30 May 1938 Harper, Roland M.
3674
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
UWFP021183 Baldwin 01 May 2004 James R. Burkhalter
19841
UWFP
Juncus bufonius L.
UWAL0048123 Bullock 16 Mar 2019 Horne, Howard E.
4749
UWAL
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
USAM000007541 Mobile 01 May 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
6998
USAM
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
ALNHS00007297 Montgomery 6 Apr 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4355
ALNHS
Juncus bufonius L.
UWAL0043241 Baldwin 19 Apr 2003 Larsen, Harry S.
1159
UWAL
Juncus bufonius L.
TROY000049474 Lowndes 14 Apr 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29213
TROY
Juncus bufonius Linnaeus
ALNHS00003965 Macon 18 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2361
ALNHS
Juncus bufonius L.
UNA00000265 Talladega 30 Jun 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1212
UNA
Juncus bufonius L.
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