Iris brevicaulis

Family:IRIDACEAE
Species:Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
Common Name:Short Stem Iris; Zigzag Iris; Lamance Iris
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Zigzag Iris is a native herbaceous perennial in the Iris family (Iridaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama but is especially common in the Black Belt region. It occurs in hardwood floodplain forests, along creeks and rivers, in low pastures, and in roadside ditches. It is a perennial from a freely branching rhizome. It often forms extensive colonies. The leaves are in fan-shaped clusters at the apex of the rhizomes. The leaves are ensiform (sword shaped), erect with drooping tips, dark green in color and slightly glaucous, glabrous, with entire margins. Flowering stems are erect to declining and sharply zigzag. There is a leaf and flower at each bend. The flowering stalks are shorter than the leaves, and the flowers are often at least partially hidden by the foliage. The flowering stalk has 1 flower at each bend and two terminal flowers. The flowers are subtended by a leaf-like bract. Each flower has 3 spreading sepals (falls) that are larger than the petals (standards). The sepals are blue in color with a yellow line along the midrib surrounded by a white parch. The petals are erect to semi-erect and solid blue in color. The fruit is a 6-angled capsule. Zigzag Iris is commonly available from native plant nurseries. Although a wetland plant in the wild, it adapts to average garden conditions. It prefers a loamy soil and partial sun to light shade.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyIRIDACEAE - Iris family
Genus Iris
Species Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque - Short Stem Iris; Zigzag Iris; Lamance Iris

Citation

Citation IRIS BREVICAULIS Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 20. 1817.
Basionym: **
Type: LOUISIANA

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Iris brevipes Iris brevipes Small ex Alexander, in Small & Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 335. 1931. LOUISIANA
Iris flexicaulis Iris flexicaulis Small, Addisonia 12: 9, pl. 389. 1927. TEXAS: Along the Nueces River, s.d., Tharp s.n. (holotype: NY?).
Iris hexagona var. flexicaulis Iris hexagona Walter, var. flexicaulis (Small) R. C. Foster, Contr. Gray Herb. 119: 50. 1937.Iris flexicaulis Small 1927. 
Iris alabamensis Iris alabamensis Small ex Alexander, in Small & Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 354. 1931. ALABAMA
Iris foliosa Iris foliosa Mackenzie & Bush, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 12: 80. 1902.  
Iris hexagona    
Iris mississippiensis Iris mississippiensis Alexander, in Small & Alexander, Contr. New York Bot. Gard. 327: 355. 1931. LOUISIANA

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Clarke, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dallas, Elmore, Etowah, Greene, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Monroe, Montgomery, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1978 - 1979

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000046603 Autauga 11 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
780
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
USAM000007396 Wilcox 26 May 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6507
USAM
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_45640 Conecuh 9 May 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3222
AUA
Iris Brevicaulis Raf.
AMAL00019618 Monroe 25 May 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
240
AMAL
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
JSU116344 Etowah 25 Jul 1995 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4297
JSU
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UNA00008196 Wilcox 26 May 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6507
UNA
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
AUA000042893 Montgomery 21 Apr 2020 Birkhead, Roger
AUA
Iris Brevicaulis Raf.
UWAL0047541 Jefferson 02 Jun 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15343
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UWAL0014852 Bullock 17 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
747
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000032449 Montgomery 29 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21358
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UWAL0037224 Shelby 02 Jun 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14677
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UWAL0046508 Autauga 11 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
758
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
JSU116342 Dallas 9 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14063
JSU
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UNA00008063 Autauga 06 Jun 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
341
UNA
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
TROY000050144 Lowndes 20 May 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29300
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000010854 Baldwin 21 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12226
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UWAL0049956 Lowndes 20 May 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29300
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000035672 Barbour 22 Jun 2012 Minton, Eric W.
40
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
AUA000030267 Lee 27 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
CSP-218
AUA
Iris Brevicaulis Raf.
AMAL00019954 Baldwin 25 May 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2213
AMAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
AUA000041539 Russell 17 May 2019 Hansen, Curtis J.
7632
AUA
Iris Brevicaulis Raf.
AMAL00012531 Baldwin 21 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12226
AMAL
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
JSU116346 Macon 13 May 1973 Hollis, James B.
166
JSU
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000039515 Elmore 07 Jul 2011 Pullen, Robert
47
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
JSU116345 Lauderdale 4 Aug 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18332
JSU
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UWAL0002104 Montgomery 29 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21358
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
ALNHS00001265 Clarke 22 May 2012 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-192
ALNHS
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
UWAL0012158 Monroe 14 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5307
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000028099 Crenshaw 31 May 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20738
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
SAMF0007500 Jefferson 02 Jun 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15,343
SAMF
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000010855 Crenshaw 24 May 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11686
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UWAL0046696 Autauga 11 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
780
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
JSU116343 Dallas 9 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14063
JSU
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000028318 Butler 20 May 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20730
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000046520 Autauga 11 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
758
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_19936 Macon 15 May 1970 Moore, Harold D.
023
AUA
Iris Brevicaulis Raf.
TROY000027709 Montgomery 10 May 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20682
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UNA00066375 Baldwin 21 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12226
UNA
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
TROY000028331 Crenshaw 20 May 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20717
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
UWAL0004571 Baldwin 21 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12226
UWAL
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000040728 Monroe 14 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5307
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_39165 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
622
AUA
Iris Brevicaulis Raf.
JSU116347 Montgomery 1 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46118
JSU
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
TROY000037077 Bullock 17 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
747
TROY
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
JSU116348 Talladega 22 May 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1932
JSU
Iris brevicaulis Rafinesque
AUA_ACC_61850 Macon 13 May 1967 Barrick, William E.
AUA
Iris Brevicaulis Raf.
AMAL00019601 Dallas 25 May 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
250
AMAL
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
UNA00008038 Bullock 12 Jun 1979 Wiersema, John H.
846
UNA
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
UNA00048720 Greene 25 May 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6469
UNA
Iris brevicaulis Raf.
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