Viola hirsutula

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola hirsutula Brainerd
Common Name:Southern Woodland Violet
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VIHI2
Plant Notes:Southern Woodland Violet is a native perennial in the Violet family (Violaceae). It can be found scattered throughout Alabama, but is not common. Southern Woodland Violet grows in dry pine or hardwood forests, on roadsides, and in cemeteries. It is an acaulescent (lacking an above ground stem) blue violet, with a short, thick underground rhizome. Southern Woodland Violet has leaves that are pubescent and mottled silvery green above with dark purple veins. Below the leaves are glabrous and pale silvery purple. The flowers are pale blue with streaks of white in the throat. The fruit is a capsule. Walter's Violet (Viola walteri House) is similar, but it produces procumbent stems and occurs usually in rich woodlands. Walter's Violet is colonial and mat forming, while the Southern Woodland Violet usually occurs as single plants. Southern Woodland Violet is not usually available from wildflower nurseries, but can easily be grown from seed. Two horticultural varies are sometimes available: Viola hirsutula 'Purpurea' with very dark foliage, and Viola hirsutula 'Alba' with silvery leaves with dark veins.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVIOLACEAE - Violet family
Genus Viola
Species Viola hirsutula Brainerd - Southern Woodland Violet

Citation

Citation Viola hirsutula Brainerd, Rhodora 9(102): 98. 1907.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Clarke, Clay, Conecuh, Covington, Cullman, Escambia, Etowah, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1980 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU137366 Cullman 27 Mar 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10468
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
TROY000024500 Lawrence 13 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11728
TROY
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018395 Escambia 18 Mar 2006 James R. Burkhalter
20751
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018393 Escambia 14 Apr 2001 James R. Burkhalter
17700
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
TROY000035027 Bullock 09 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
293
TROY
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018396 Conecuh 25 Feb 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18226
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
SAMF0002607 Jefferson 07 Apr 1959 McCullough, Herbert A.
s.n.
SAMF
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWAL0038795 Clarke 28 Feb 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9333
UWAL
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
ALNHS00003232 Houston 03 Mar 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP-56
ALNHS
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137364 Clay 20 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1419
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
AUA_ACC_53465 Jackson 10 Apr 1991 Gunn, Scott C.
1924
AUA
Viola Hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137373 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137370 Marshall 26 Feb 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1087
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
TROY000044243 Montgomery 13 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27242
TROY
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018397 Mobile 08 Mar 2009 James R. Burkhalter
22156
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
TROY000044242 Covington 11 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27239
TROY
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137368 Limestone 12 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38344
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137372 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1400
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137374 Talladega 11 Apr 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3551
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018398 Mobile 08 Feb 1994 James R. Burkhalter
14004
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UNA00053681 Blount 18 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
3
UNA
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWAL0036269 Mobile 15 Feb 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3679
UWAL
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018399 Mobile 20 Mar 2005 James R. Burkhalter
20276
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137369 Marshall 30 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1260
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
TROY000037199 Marengo 09 Mar 2012 England, J. Kevin
3248
TROY
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWAL0033213 Covington 11 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27239
UWAL
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137367 Etowah 19 Mar 1995 Hodge, Lesley M.
4094
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018394 Escambia 24 Feb 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18222
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWAL0033211 Montgomery 13 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27242
UWAL
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137371 Marshall 05 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1114
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137365 Clay 20 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1391
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137362 Calhoun 11 Mar 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
091
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWAL0011086 Bullock 09 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
293
UWAL
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
JSU137363 Clay 02 Apr 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1312
JSU
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018392 Baldwin 03 Feb 2002 James R. Burkhalter
18193
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWAL0010351 Marengo 09 Mar 2012 England, J. Kevin
3248
UWAL
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UWFP018391 Baldwin 29 Dec 2001 James R. Burkhalter
18173
UWFP
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UNA00017359 Madison 13 Apr 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
232
UNA
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
UNA00061269 Lawrence 13 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11728
UNA
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
TROY000042840 Houston 09 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26563
TROY
Viola hirsutula Brainerd
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