Glandularia canadensis

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
Common Name:Rose Vervain; Rose Verbena; Rose Mock Vervain
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Rose Vervain is a native herbaceous annual or short-lived perennial in the Verbena family (Verbenaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama except for the southern-most counties. Rose Vervain grows in prairies, in cedar glades, in hardwood or pine forests, and on roadsides. It is an annual or short-lived perennial with a short rhizome. The stems are erect or decumbent with up-turned tips and may root at the nodes. Stems are green or purplish green in color, branched from the base, 4-angled, and pubescent. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate to lanceolate in outline, pinnately lobed or dissected (sometimes deeply so), and pubescent. Fascicles of reduced leaves often occur in the leaf axils. Fragrant flowers are produced in terminal spikes that continue to elongate as new flowers are produced and fruit mature. Individual flowers are subtended by bracts that are shorter than to as long as the calyx. The calyx is tubular and pubescent with 4-5 lobes. The corolla is salverform with a long tube on 5 lobes. The lobes are shallowly notched and the lower lobe is larger than the others. The corolla is pink, rosy pink, or lavender in color. The fruit is a schizocarp. Rose Vervain is often available from wildflower nurseries. It prefers a well-draining soil in full sun. It is drought tolerant once established. Rose Vervain can be used in prairies, in rock gardens, and along walks. Plants produce an abundance of nectar and attract many butterfly species.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVERBENACEAE - Verbena family
Genus Glandularia
Species Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall - Rose Vervain; Rose Verbena; Rose Mock Vervain

Citation

Citation GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (Linnaeus) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1139. 1933.
Basionym: Buchnera canadensis Linnaeus 1767.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 790.7). Lectotypified by Umber, Syst. Bot. 4: 95. 1979.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Billardiera explanata Billardiera explanata Moench, Methodus 369. 1794, nom. illegit.Verbena aubletia Jacquin 1772-1773. 
Buchnera canadensis Buchnera canadensis Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 88. 1767. VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 790.7). Lectotypified by Umber, Syst. Bot. 4: 95. 1979.
Erinus canadensis Erinus canadensis (Linnaeus) J. R. Forster, Fl. Amer. Sept. 28. 1771.Buchnera canadensis Linnaeus 1767. 
Glandularia aubletia Glandularia aubletia (Jacquin) Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 5: 184. 1837.Verbena aubletia Jacquin 1772-1773. 
Glandularia caroliniensis Glandularia caroliniensis J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 920. 1792. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Umber, Syst. Bot. 4: 96. 1979.
Verbena aubletia Verbena aubletia Jacquin, Hort. Bot. Vindob. 2: 82, pl. 176. 1772-1773.  
Verbena aubletia var. drummondii Verbena aubletia Jacquin, var. drummondii Lindley, Edwards's Bot. Reg. 23: pl. 1925. 1837.  
Verbena canadensis var. lambertii Verbena canadensis (Linnaeus) Britton, var. lambertii (Sims) Thellung, Fl. Adv. Montpellier 428. 1912.Verbena lambertii Sims 1820. 
Verbena drummondii Verbena drummondii (Lindley) W. Baxter, in Loudon, Hort. Brit., ed. 3. 680. 1839.Verbena aubletia Jacquin, var. drummondii Lindley 1825. 
Verbena longiflora Verbena longiflora Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 57. 1791, nom. illegit.Verbena aubletia Jacquin 1772-1773. 
Verbena oblaetia Verbena oblaetia Retzius, Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 34: 143. 1773, nom. illegit.Verbena aubletia Jacquin 1772-1773. 
Verbena oklahomensis Verbena oklahomensis Moldenke, Known Geogr. Distr. Verbenac. 78. 1942, pro hybr. OKLAHOMA
Verbena rubra Verbena rubra Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 71. 1796, nom. illegit.Verbena aubletia Jacquin 1772-1773. 
Glandularia drummondii Glandularia drummondii (Lindley) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1139, 1508. 1933.Verbena aubletia Jacquin, var. drummondii Lindley 1825. 
Glandularia lambertii Glandularia lambertii (Sims) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 1139, 1508. 1933.Verbena lambertii Sims 1820. 
Verbena canadensis Verbena canadensis (Linnaeus) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 276. 1894.Buchnera canadensis Linnaeus 1767. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Coosa, Cullman, Dallas, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Morgan, Randolph, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0004360 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4083
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
TROY000036664 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6965
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00039797 Madison 6 Apr 1944 Roland M. Harper
3958
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0033683 Madison 21 May 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9610
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
AUA_ACC028396 Coosa 10 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1425
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
JSU136703 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8076
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136697 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7766
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00068774 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4083
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0003110 St. Clair 15 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6360
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
JSU136704 Walker 13 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38394
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
TROY000036110 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6880
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
TROY000044824 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Matthew R. Parker
370
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000040569 Marengo 13 Mar 2011 J. Kevin England
2665
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00039808 Wilcox _ May 1840 S. B. Buckley
s.n.
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0011698 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7867
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00039934 Tuscaloosa 28 May 1955 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
JSU136699 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7766
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0033586 Morgan 10 Apr 2010 England, J. Kevin
2320
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
TROY000037420 Butler 26 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23850
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0004361 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4242
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
AUA_ACC072950 Blount 2 APR 2012 DAVENPORT, LAWRENCE J.
5050
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
TROY000040841 Clarke 24 May 2013 Brian R. Keener
7867
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0033925 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9474
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
SAMF0005064 Jackson 09 Apr 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5134
SAMF
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
AUA_ACC058804 Blount MAR 1994 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
UNAF0001775 Morgan 19 Apr 2007 Webb, David H.
6551
UNAF
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0011721 Blount 30 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6443
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0009799 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6880
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
JSU136693 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136691 Jefferson 18 May 1984 J. P. Barber
511
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
AUA_ACC052799 Dallas 15 APR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5806
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
UWAL0008242 Butler 10 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21891
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0046019 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
365
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00039806 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0010166 Blount 02 Apr 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5050
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nuttall
SAMF0005065 Blount 02 Apr 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5050
SAMF
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0034581 Jefferson 02 Apr 1995 Kral, R.
84427
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
TROY000028867 Jefferson 17 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3382
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136702 Tuscaloosa 18 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9357
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136705 Winston 02 Jun 1974 R. David Whetstone
3089
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136701 St. Clair 29 Mar 1984 J. S. Longshore
s.n.
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0013022 Butler 26 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23850
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
TROY000029331 Wilcox 13 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20929
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0047879 Madison 9 Apr 2020 England, J. Kevin
10855
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
SAMF0005066 Tuscaloosa 09 Apr 1965 Maginness, Sherrie E.
69
SAMF
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
AUA_ACC014766 Lee 28 APR 1969 GRIFFIN, J. W.
118
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
TROY000028922 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4083
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0009750 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6965
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
TROY000034207 St. Clair 15 Apr 2011 Brian R. Keener
6360
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136694 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136689 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1331
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
USAM000015177 Madison 14 Jun 1976 Danny Shea
s.n.
USAM
Verbena canadensis (Linnaeus) Britton
TROY000044822 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Matthew R. Parker
365
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Small
TROY000040795 Blount 30 Apr 2011 Brian R. Keener
6443
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00039802 Madison 20 Apr 1979 Russell A. Meigs
114
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0038751 Choctaw 25 Mar 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10518
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
AUA_ACC027220 Randolph 12 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
219
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
UNA00022108 Morgan 28 Mar 1973 R. Kral
49414
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
JSU136698 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7766
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
AUA_ACC022214 Lee 6 APR 1970 WILLIAMS, ANN
021
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
TROY000037954 Butler 26 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23850
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0004362 Jefferson 17 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3382
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
JSU136692 Madison 16 Apr 1996 S. E. Hruska
1007
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0004364 Sumter 20 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3425
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0046018 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
370
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136700 Randolph 28 May 1986 C. F. Nixon
2178
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00039792 Tuscaloosa 15 Mar 1964 James D. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0010579 Jackson 09 Apr 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5134
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nuttall
SAMF0005063 Bibb 03 Apr 2008 Davenport, L. J.
3780
SAMF
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0039391 Marshall 06 Jun 2017 Webb, David H.
8429
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0039399 Colbert 16 Apr 2018 Webb, David H.
8553
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
JSU136695 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7766
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00053699 Blount 14 Mar 1997 Brian R. Keener
21
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
AUA_ACC004047 Lee 10 MAY 1949 HICKS, R. D.
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
UWAL0013134 Butler 26 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23850
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0012693 Marengo 13 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2665
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UWAL0004363 Marengo 22 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5824
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UNA00056792 Bibb 9 Apr 1992 James R. Allison
6339
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0033932 Blount 09 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9494
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
AUA_ACC011381 Colbert 23 APR 1966 BURNS, EARL R.
AUA
GLANDULARIA CANADENSIS (L.) NUTT.
JSU136690 Jefferson 02 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8017
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
JSU136696 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7766
JSU
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
UNA00068700 Jefferson 17 May 2007 Brian R. Keener
3382
UNA
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nutt.
UWAL0004359 Bibb 03 Apr 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3780
UWAL
Glandularia canadensis (L.) Nuttall
TROY000032636 Butler 10 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21891
TROY
Glandularia canadensis (Linnaeus) Nuttall
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