Ranunculus sardous

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Ranunculus sardous Crantz
Common Name:Hairy Buttercup; Sardinian Buttercup
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RASA
Plant Notes:Hairy Buttercup is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It is native to Europe. In Alabama it can be found statewide. Hairy Buttercup occurs in pastures, on roadsides, in ditches, in lawns, in fallow fields, and in other disturbed, often wet sites. It is an annual with a fibrous root system. The plants lack a bulbous base and stolons. Stems are erect, 6-16 inches in height, green in color, pubescent, and branched above the middle. The pubescent leaves are basal and cauline. The cauline leaves are alternate, the lower ones petiolate, the upper leaves sessile. Basal leaves are petiolate. The basal and lower cauline leaves are 3-lobed or 3-foliate with the segments again parted into wide divisions. The leaf margins have rounded teeth or lobes. Upper cauline leaves are sessile and divided into narrow segments. Flowers are produced in terminal and axillary cymes. Individual flowers are pedicellate with 5 reflexed green sepals and 5 shiny yellow petals. Each flower has 15-35 pistils. The fruit is an achene with a sparsely papillate or smooth face and a curved beak. Hairy Buttercup is toxic. It contains the chemical ranunculin which is converted to protoanemonin when the plant is injured. This chemical can cause blistering of the mouth, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, spasms, and paralysis. It can also cause contact dermatitis in humans when the plant is handled. The chemical also imparts an acrid taste to the plant so livestock often avoid it.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Ranunculus
Species Ranunculus sardous Crantz - Hairy Buttercup; Sardinian Buttercup

Citation

Citation RANUNCULUS SARDOUS Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 84. 1763.
Basionym: **
Type: AUSTRIA

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ranunculus aggregatus Ranunculus aggregatus Capelli, Cat. Stirp. 47. 1821.  
Ranunculus hirsutus Ranunculus hirsutus Curtis, Fl. Londin. pl. 40. 1775.  
Ranunculus parviflorus Ranunculus parviflorus Gouan, Fl. Monsp. 270. 1764, non Linnaeus 1759. FRANCE
Ranunculus sardous var. genuinus Ranunculus sardous Crantz, var. genuinus Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 107. 1893, nom. inadmiss.Ranunculus sardous Crantz 1763. 
Ranunculus sardous var. hirsutus Ranunculus sardous Crantz, var. hirsutus (Curtis) Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 107. 1893.Ranunculus hirsutus Curtis 1775. 
Ranunculus sardous var. parvulus Ranunculus sardous Crantz, var. parvulus (Linnaeus) Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk. Naturhist. Foren. Kjoebenhavn 7: 58. 1865.Ranunculus parvulus Linnaeus 1767; Ranunculus parviflorus Gouan 1764, non Linnaeus 1759. 
Ranunculus sardous var. tuberculatus Ranunculus sardous Crantz, var. tuberculatus Celakovsky, Prodr. Fl. Boehmen. 448. 1875.  
Ranunculus parvulus Ranunculus parvulus Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 79. 1767.Ranunculus parviflorus Gouan 1764, non Linnaeus 1759. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2009 - 2009

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0006475 Marion 06 May 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6287
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC065075 Chilton 3 MAY 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15258
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
JSU128858 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9210
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0003653 Covington 16 Mar 2008 Diamond, A.R.
18792
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128859 Shelby 4 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16238
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00054379 Blount 17 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1260
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC055833 Shelby 16 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49682
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
JSU128840 Blount 17 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1260
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030702 Shelby 15 May 1979 John H. Wiersema
698
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC073178 Limestone 25 APR 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5416
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
TROY000022643 Choctaw 06 Apr 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
267
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0003657 Sumter 05 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5724
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128847 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1322
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC072732 Jackson 17 MAR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC-78
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
UWAL0035605 Baldwin 21 Jun 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2591
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000038158 Bullock 01 Jan 2013 Bailee Dykes
1492
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030712 Hale 28 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2004
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030748 Shelby 9 May 1981 Charles N. Horn
303
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000033386 Perry 13 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5292
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030743 Etowah 11 Apr 1980 Russell A. Meigs
1189
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008172 Montgomery 17 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12970
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU139262 Jackson 30 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8989
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC039964 Montgomery 11 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
390
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
SAMF0001507 Shelby 24 Apr 2002 Bowles, Mollie E.
29
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008170 Lowndes 12 May 2005 Curtis J. Hansen
1789
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
SAMF0001897 Mobile 03 Apr 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2062
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0016837 Mobile 23 May 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2208
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128843 Clay 14 Jun 1992 J. M. Ballard
205
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC059862 Lee 26 MAR 2001 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2001-19
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
JSU128850 Jackson 12 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2078
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
SAMF0001508 Jefferson 19 Apr 2004 Davenport, L. J.
3080
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
USAM000013425 Mobile 29 Apr 1973 Michael G. LeLong
6995
USAM
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030772 Hale 11 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1918
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC022073 Montgomery 10 MAY 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER B.
S.N.
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
TROY000034372 Sumter 05 Apr 2010 Brian R. Keener
5724
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00058313 Pike 25 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13068
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008171 Montgomery 16 May 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12447
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000022532 Randolph 15 May 1988 C. F. Nixon
3826
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000048558 Autauga 14 Mar 2017 Matthew R. Parker
465
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC034742 Montgomery 23 MAY 1974 DEAN, JOANNA H.
159
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
TROY000032178 Marengo 23 Mar 2009 J. Kevin England
1704
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC055109 Covington 23 DEC 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9478
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
SAMF0001506 Blount 08 Apr 1956 Avery, J. C.
s.n.
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0010567 Lawrence 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, L.J.
5098
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC065464 Lowndes 12 MAY 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1789
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
JSU128851 Jackson 1 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
589
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
SAMF0006482 Cherokee 17 May 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6318
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008169 Crenshaw 30 Apr 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11672
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00067167 Choctaw 6 Apr 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
267
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC019884 Montgomery 30 APR 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
4
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
UNA00058244 Montgomery 17 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12970
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008173 Montgomery 15 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14326
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128857 Marshall 4 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1910
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0039059 Bullock 29 Apr 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3836
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC022104 Macon 27 APR 1970 DAVIDSON, JOHN
97
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
TROY000044820 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Matthew R. Parker
363
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128842 Calhoun 26 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
589
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00048640 Tallapoosa 30 Apr 1980 L. J. Davenport
1833
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000022531 Chilton 03 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15258
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
USAM000013426 Madison 29 Apr 1977 Danny Shea
s.n.
USAM
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00057949 Fayette 8 May 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10248
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWFP015531 Escambia 02 May 1987 James R. Burkhalter
10566
UWFP
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0043576 Baldwin 24 May 2005 Larsen, H.S.
1438
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008174 Pike 25 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13068
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000022645 Covington 16 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18792
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030708 Hale 28 May 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2303
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000022644 Butler 24 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19028
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030724 Madison 28 May 1980 Russell A. Meigs
671
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0003655 Perry 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5292
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC027169 Randolph 12 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
201
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
SAMF0006437 Etowah 14 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6055
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC055516 Crenshaw 12 MAR 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9491
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
SAMF0001510 Blount 03 Jun 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3207
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008175 Pike 21 Apr 1997 Dawn L. Pyron
2
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00022097 St. Clair 29 Mar 1973 R. Kral
49446
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000044009 Limestone 25 Apr 2015 J. Kevin England
5416
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128844 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5283
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC067301 Cleburne 14 APR 2006 TUGGLE, ANDREA
13
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
JSU128860 Talladega 23 May 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1924
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
SAMF0006094 Tuscaloosa 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6135
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0018548 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
81969
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128846 Cleburne 25 May 1994 S. E. Hruska
199
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030704 Perry 15 May 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2062
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0003656 Pickens 25 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5878
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
SAMF0006506 Fayette 06 May 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6244
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC053544 Conecuh 29 MAR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9037
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
JSU128855 Madison 11 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8385
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0010456 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7049
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128852 Lawrence 27 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16446
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00054654 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Brian R. Keener
979
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC022091 Lee 30 APR 1970 KNOTTS, CARL R.
171
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
UNA00030714 Monroe 15 Apr 1980 John H. Wiersema
1472
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0003654 Choctaw 06 Apr 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
0267
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030738 Hale 29 Mar 1985 Robert Burckhalter
305
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0038206 Mobile 29 Apr 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
6995
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000038733 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
380
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0015983 Bullock 01 Jan 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1492
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128849 Etowah 26 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1271
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC045194 Limestone 6 MAY 1979 ATCHLEY, CECIL G.
134
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
UWAL0035611 Mobile 08 Jun 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2572
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000037940 Coosa 30 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24140
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030767 Hale 22 Apr 1966 Joab L. Thomas
820
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0034701 Limestone 19 May 1995 Kral, R.
84697
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128856 Marshall 16 May 1994 D. D. Spaulding
5486
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0033052 Houston 28 Feb 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27212
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00062229 Montgomery 15 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14326
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC039908 Pike 7 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
385
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
TROY000030848 Montgomery 10 May 1970 Grover R Murchison
165
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC002280 Lee 15 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
S.N.
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
UWAL0018140 Limestone 25 Apr 2015 England, J. Kevin
5416
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128841 Calhoun 26 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
589
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030719 Dallas 16 Apr 1980 John H. Wiersema
1528
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000022646 Geneva 03 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18857
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000008168 Butler 10 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17530
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00054189 Lamar 8 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10086
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0037167 Cherokee 29 Mar 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14473
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000034316 Pickens 25 Apr 2010 Brian R. Keener
5878
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC034608 Montgomery 10 MAY 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
S.N.
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
UWAL0042734 Walker 10 Apr 2019 England, J. Kevin
10078
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030718 Marengo 28 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2020
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128854 Madison 11 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8264
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC027362 Randolph 12 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
252
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
SAMF0001509 Lawrence 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5098
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030729 Lawrence 5 May 1980 Russell A. Meigs
363
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
SAMF0006440 St. Clair 14 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6057
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
AUA_ACC063483 Montgomery 15 APR 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14326
AUA
RANUNCULUS SARDOUS CRANTZ
UNA00030709 Wilcox 15 Apr 1980 John H. Wiersema
1469
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0001524 Marengo 23 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1704
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030762 Hale 9 May 1964 Rebecca Deramus
398
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0032292 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6082
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128853 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 J. M. Ballard
5977
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0014644 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24140
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128848 Etowah 9 May 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4474
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
SAMF0006112 Pickens 19 Apr 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6184
SAMF
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
TROY000043818 Houston 28 Feb 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27212
TROY
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
JSU128845 Cleburne 26 Jun 1996 S. E. Hruska
1334
JSU
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UNA00030707 Marengo 15 May 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2091
UNA
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
UWAL0036089 Blount 25 Jul 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0618
UWAL
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
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