Clematis virginiana

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
Common Name:Virginia Virgin's Bower; Devil's Darning Needles
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Virginia Virgin's Bower is a native herbaceous vine in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It occurs throughout most of Alabama. Virginia Virgin's Bower grows along creeks and rivers, around ponds and lakes, in wet roadside ditches, in low woods, and in disturbed habitats. It is a perennial vine up to 20 feet in length. The lower portions of the vine may become woods. The vine climbs by twining. Young stems are green in color, angles, and pubescent. Leaves are opposite and 3-foliate. The leaflets are ovate to lanceolate in outline, toothed, and pubescent on the lower surface. The fragrant flowers are produced in axillary compound cymes. Individual flowers are unisexual. Each flower has 4 white sepals and no petals. Each staminate flower has 30-50 pale yellow stamens. Each pistillate flower has 40-70 greenish pistils. The fruit is a cluster of achenes. Each achene has a hairy beak. The foliage of Virginia Virgin's Bower is toxic, and it is usually avoided by deer and other herbivores. Virginia Virgin's Bower is available from some native plant nurseries. It prefers a moist or wet soil in partial to full sun. Plants will need a trellis or other support to climb over. Plants should be pruned back heavily in the fall, as flowers occur on new growth. Virginia Virgin's Bower can spread aggressively in the garden from seed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Clematis
Species Clematis virginiana Linnaeus - Virginia Virgin's Bower; Devil's Darning Needles

Citation

Citation CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. 1: 15. 1755.
Basionym: **
Type: PENNSYLVANIA(?): Without data, Kalm (?) s.n. (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by Essig & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 38: 277. 1989.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Clematis canadensis Clematis canadensis Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Clematis dioica subsp. virginiana Clematis dioica Linnaeus, subsp. virginiana (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 102. 1885.Clematis virginiana Linnaeus 1755. 
Clematis fragrans Clematis fragrans Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 371. 1796, nom. illegit.Clematis virginiana Linnaeus 1755. 
Clematis holosericea Clematis holosericea Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 384. 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (holotype: BM).
Clematis missouriensis Clematis missouriensis Rydberg, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 421. 1901. NEBRASKA: Lancaster Co.: Lincoln, Sep 1886, Webber s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Essig, Sida 14: 65. 1990.
Clematis virginiana var. bracteata Clematis virginiana Linnaeus, var. bracteata (Moench) de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 4. 1824.Clematis bracteata Moench 1802. 
Clematis virginiana var. missouriensis Clematis virginiana Linnaeus, var. missouriensis (Rydberg) E. J. Palmer & Steyermark, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 542. 1935.Clematis missouriensis Rydberg 1901. 
Clematitis bracteata Clematitis bracteata Moench, Suppl. Meth. 103. 1802.  
Clematitis cordifolia Clematitis cordifolia Moench, Suppl. Meth. 104. 1802, nom. illegit.Clematis virginiana Linnaeus 1755. 
Clematitis virginiana Clematitis virginiana (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 2. 1891.Clematis virginiana Linnaeus 1755. 
Clematitis virginiana var. genuina Clematitis virginiana Linnaeus, var. genuina Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 2. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Clematitis virginiana (Linnaeus) Kuntze 1891; Clematis virginiana Linnaeus 1755. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Etowah, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU143060 Randolph 19 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2758
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
58551 Lee 26 MAR 1989 WALTERS, N. K.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128136 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18451
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00030387 Chilton 24 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
5957
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
UWAL0019321 Pickens 22 Aug 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8561
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
JSU128132 Jackson 30 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7410
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0011895 Hale 30 Aug 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7470
UWAL
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
29636 Cleburne 11 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1544
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128124 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
902
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0003580 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
0961
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
JSU128125 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
307
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
19726 Choctaw 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
978
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128131 Etowah 6 May 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4468
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
44300 Monroe 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2798
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
43415 Conecuh 27 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1597
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
34186 Jefferson 18 AUG 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1816
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00030309 Hale 7 Sep 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
TROY000042823 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26782
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128135 Marshall 9 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
861
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000022633 Crenshaw 30 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19871
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128138 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3454
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000033819 Houston 08 Oct 2011 Whitney Senn
87
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000008136 Pike 18 Apr 1989 Rachel Rutledge
s.n.
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
61732 Russell 30 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
2001-49
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0038091 Chilton 03 Sep 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14983
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
41088 Jackson 27 AUG 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
40714
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0030665 Covington 05 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26784.1
UWAL
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00022788 Dallas 3 Aug 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
40017 Pike 23 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
59025 Crenshaw 8 NOV 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11538
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128139 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
532
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00030319 Hale 27 Sep 1985 Robert Burckhalter
430
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
UWAL0015100 Conecuh 21 Oct 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23528
UWAL
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU143061 St. Clair 13 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
981
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
35055 Jefferson 9 AUG 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1782
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128129 Clay 23 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
543
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
61923 Choctaw 14 SEP 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1505
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
64140 Randolph 2 AUG 1986 NIXON, C. F.
2587
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128141 Randolph 19 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2748
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000031191 Hale 08 Sep 1970 Harold D. Moore
910
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128126 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
267
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
19980 Hale 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
910
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
TROY000008134 Dale 03 Jun 1998 Hannelore Rundell
578
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000022437 Elmore 04 Sep 2004 Vanessa Pruitt
23
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
48966 Coffee 24 AUG 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5388
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0036087 Blount 19 May 2015 Anderson, Kelly
0869
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
JSU128127 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18829
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000022436 Colbert 06 Nov 1980 Robert Kral
66565
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00066022 Wilcox 9 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16870
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
TROY000044625 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Matthew R. Parker
49
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128133 Jackson 31 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7445
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000008133 Dale 26 Aug 1980 Robert Kral
66349
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
27876 Talladega 28 AUG 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
983
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128123 Calhoun 7 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1127
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0003578 Cleburne 17 Sep 2005 Kral, R.
96824
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
UNA00051098 Perry 27 Aug 1994 Michelle Birk
157
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
TROY000032920 Butler 08 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22504
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00030308 Bibb 16 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
936
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
44291 Wilcox 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2846
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
43413 Monroe 3 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1742
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
34198 Shelby 18 AUG 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1836
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00030397 Hale 7 Sep 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
TROY000043183 Covington 05 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26784A
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128143 Talladega 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5274
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
35212 Butler 10 SEP 1975 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
TROY000022632 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 J. Kevin England
961
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128120 Bibb 13 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
504
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
64007 Pike 23 SEP 2004 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1669
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
TROY000008135 Dale 06 Sep 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
19208 Monroe 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1107
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00013772 Autauga _ Jul _ Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
40015 Conecuh 23 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
13930 Macon 10 AUG 1967 EICHLIN, THOMAS D.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0037407 Bullock 18 Aug 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
0394
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
TROY000008137 Wilcox 09 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16870
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
33354 Perry 8 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
592
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00031726 Jackson 18 Aug 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1474
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
UWAL0008072 Butler 08 Sep 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22504
UWAL
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128142 Talladega 2 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
4849
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
34662 Butler 28 AUG 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
64154 Randolph 19 AUG 1986 NIXON, C. F.
2748
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128140 Randolph 17 Aug 1988 C. F. Nixon
4159
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
22930 Lee 10 OCT 1971 HARPER, DOUGLAS
44
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
TROY000008132 Coffee 01 Sep 1999 Brian H. Martin
178
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
19682 Autauga 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
826
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00013771 Autauga s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
46742 Lowndes 23 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3551
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0003579 Dale 26 Aug 1980 Kral, R.
66349
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
33474 Bibb 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
733
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128121 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12542
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000022973 Cleburne 17 Sep 2005 Robert Kral
96824
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU146264 Cleburne 10 Oct 1996 F. Hutchinson
2421
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00046140 Houston 22 Oct 1994 John R. MacDonald
8097
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
JSU128137 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3454
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000033588 Barbour 27 Aug 2011 Lauren Ryan
41
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
62226 Barbour 13 AUG 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-330)
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0031036 Cleburne 30 Aug 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14110
UWAL
Clematis virginiana L.
26839 Tallapoosa 12 AUG 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
476
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0031985 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
29782
UWAL
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00022799 Dallas 21 Aug 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
40019 Butler 23 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
51681 Coffee 6 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6471
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128122 Calhoun 7 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
500
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
JSU128128 Clarke 14 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18890
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000022438 Jackson 16 Aug 1980 Robert Kral
66109
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00054094 Blount 15 Aug 1998 Brian R. Keener
1473
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
UNA00017101 Hale 30 Sep 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2441
UNA
Clematis virginiana L. var. missouriensis (Rydb.) Palmer & Steyermark
JSU128134 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
s.n.
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000033769 Butler 03 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22492
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000036025 Conecuh 21 Oct 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23528
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0013909 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1260
UWAL
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000036242 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1260
TROY
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0010040 Butler 03 Sep 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22492
UWAL
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00022807 Dallas 21 Aug 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Clematis virginiana L.
40018 Crenshaw 23 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
53554 Pike 3 SEP 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9344
AUA
CLEMATIS VIRGINIANA L.
JSU128130 Cleburne 6 Sep 1994 S. E. Hruska
331
JSU
Clematis virginiana Linnaeus
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: