Clematis glaucophylla

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Clematis glaucophylla Small
Common Name:White Leaf Leather Flower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:White Leaf Leather Flower is a native herbaceous perennial in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It is native to scattered locations across Alabama. White Leaf Leather Flower occurs on rock outcrops, along forest edges, in forest openings, and along streams in areas with neutral or basic soils. It is a perennial from a rhizome. Stems are vines up to 15 feet in length, climbing or sprawling by means of tendril-like petioles and leaf rachises. Stems are glabrous and green in color when young, becoming reddish-brown with age. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, 1-pinnate with 4-10 leaflets. The leaflets are ovate in outline, thin, not reticulate, glabrous, and glaucous on the lower surface. Flowers are produced in 1-3 flowered axillary inflorescences. The peduncle has two leaf-like bracts about 1/3 of the distance from the base. Flowers are bell-shaped and lack petals. The sepals are dark rose-pink on the exterior and pale yellow-white on the interior with recurved tips. The margins are thick and not crispate. The fruit is an aggregate of sessile achenes with long beaks. The achene body is appressed pubescent and the beak is plumose. White Leaf Leather Flower is listed as an S2/S3 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 100 occurrences making it very vulnerable in the state) and globally as a G3/G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity). White Leaf Leather Flower is available from some wildflower nurseries. It prefers a rich loamy soil and partial to full sun. Plants will require a fence, trellis, or post for climbing.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC- (NWI), S2S3 (State Rank), G3G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Clematis
Species Clematis glaucophylla Small - White Leaf Leather Flower

Citation

Citation CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 337. 1897.
Basionym: **
Type: GEORGIA: Gwinnet Co.: Yellow River valley near Maguire's Mill, 11 Jul 1893, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Coriflora glaucophylla Coriflora glaucophylla (Small) W. A. Weber, Phytologia 51: 373. 1982; Phytologia 79: 66. 1996.Clematis glaucophylla Small 1897. 
Viorna glaucophylla Viorna glaucophylla (Small) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 439, 1331. 1903.Clematis glaucophylla Small 1897. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Chambers, Chilton, Clarke, Henry, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lee, Madison, Marshall, Morgan, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00030310 Bibb 14 Apr 1986 Charles N. Horn
1081
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UWAL0003581 Morgan 01 Jun 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12636
UWAL
Clematis glaucophylla Small
AUA000036469 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5572
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
UNA00059165 Bibb 1 Jun 1992 James R. Allison
6692
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNA00059454 Madison 15 Jun 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
653
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UWAL0012544 Clarke 22 May 2012 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-148
UWAL
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UWAL0015525 Bibb 15 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8407
UWAL
Clematis glaucophylla Small
AUA_ACC067000 Jackson 3 JUN 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2363
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
SAMF0001457 Jackson 03 Jun 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3455
SAMF
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNA00030315 Madison 6 Jun 1980 Russell A. Meigs
765
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNAF0001672 Lauderdale 03 Sep 1989 Hardy, Dawn
s.n.
UNAF
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128062 Bibb 13 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
337
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128070 Marshall 20 Jun 1969 Leonard Henry
s.n.
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNAF0001677 Morgan 04 Jul 1992 Graves, Alicia
s.n.
UNAF
Clematis glaucophylla Small
AUA_ACC046960 Lee 25 MAY 1987 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
AUA_ACC002243 Lee 8 MAY 1954 RAUSCH, R. A.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
AUA_ACC021375 Tallapoosa 19 AUG 1971 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1189
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
AUA_ACC055891 Jackson 11 JUL 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
47576
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
UNAF0001674 Morgan 19 Jun 1992 Blanton, Laura
s.n.
UNAF
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UWAL0019908 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5572
UWAL
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128061 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11688
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128066 Jackson 26 May 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1197
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
AUA_ACC020521 Henry 24 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
530-69
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
JSU128069 Marshall 20 Jun 1969 Leonard Henry
s.n.
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNAF0001673 Morgan 04 Jul 1991 Engle, Dennis
s.n.
UNAF
Clematis glaucophylla Small
AUA_ACC000142 Lee 18 MAY 1957 EARL B. MINTON
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
JSU128067 Jackson 26 May 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1197
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
AUA_ACC017242 Chambers 11 JUL 1969 MCVAY, D. A.
39
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
AUA_ACC037213 Clarke 21 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
101
AUA
CLEMATIS GLAUCOPHYLLA SMALL
TROY000008100 Lee 17 Jun 1978 Robert Kral
62030
TROY
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128063 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13435
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128064 Chilton 9 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14030
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNA00030230 Bibb 20 Aug 1985 Charles N. Horn
788
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
TROY000022420 Bibb 26 Jun 2001 Steven J. Threlkeld
1439
TROY
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNA00030334 Bibb 8 Jun 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1702
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNA00030339 Bibb 23 Apr 1953 Taxonomy class-Spring 1953
s.n.
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128065 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18989
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNA00026010 Clarke 29 Sep 1995 Alicia D. Widder
30
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNA00030305 Lee 21 Jun 1980 L. J. Davenport
1970
UNA
Clematis glaucophylla Small
JSU128068 Lee 17 Oct 1985 J. D. Freeman
s.n.
JSU
Clematis glaucophylla Small
UNAF0001671 Lauderdale 29 May 1992 Hammond, Charles
s.n.
UNAF
Clematis glaucophylla Small
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