Clematis crispa

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Clematis crispa Linnaeus
Common Name:Swamp Leather Flower; Southern Leather Flower; Curly Leather Flower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Swamp Leather Flower is a native herbaceous perennial vine in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It is native to much of the southern two-thirds of Alabama with isolated stations further north. It occurs along streams and rivers, around ponds and lakes, along wet roadside ditches, and in swamps and bottomland forests. It is a vine climbing by tendrils. The vines are up to 9 feet in length and are glabrous or slightly pubescent. The leaves are 1-2 pinnate with 4-10 leaflets and a terminal tendril. The leaves are opposite and glabrous. The leaflets are lanceolate to ovate in outline, entire or 3-5 lobed. The leaves are thin, not conspicuously reticulate, and not glaucous. Flowers are solitary and terminal. The flowers are bell-shaped with 4 strongly recurved bluish sepals. The margins of the sepals are crispate (with a wavy or curly edge). The fruit is a head of achenes. The achenes are appressed pubescent with long beaks. Swap Leather Flower is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It grows best in fertile, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Much plants to prevent the roots from drying out and provide a trellis for the vines to climb.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Clematis
Species Clematis crispa Linnaeus - Swamp Leather Flower; Southern Leather Flower; Curly Leather Flower

Citation

Citation CLEMATIS CRISPA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 543. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 78(84). 1732). Lectotypified by A. Gray, Bot. Mag. 107: pl. ?. 1881.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Clematis cylindrica Clematis cylindrica Sims, Bot. Mag. 29: t. 1160. 1808.  
Clematis cylindrica var. lineariloba Clematis cylindrica Sims, var. lineariloba (de Candolle) A. W. Wood, Class-Book, ed. 1861. 201. 1861.Clematis lineariloba de Candolle 1817. 
Clematis cylindrica var. walteri Clematis cylindrica Sims, var. walteri (Pursh) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 10. 1838.Clematis walteri Pursh 1814. 
Clematis divaricata Clematis divaricata Jacquin f., Ecl. Pl. Rar. 1: 51, t. 33. 1812.  
Clematis lineariloba Clematis lineariloba de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 1: 155. 1817. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser s.n. (holotype: G?).
Clematis obliqua Clematis obliqua (Small) C. K. Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 277. 1904.Viorna obliqua Small 1903. 
Clematis viticella subsp. crispa Clematis viticella Linnaeus, subsp. crispa (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 136. 1885.Clematis crispa Linnaeus 1753. 
Clematis viticella subsp. walteri Clematis viticella Linnaeus, subsp. walteri (Pursh) Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 137. 1885.Clematis walteri Pursh 1814. 
Clematis viticella var. leiostylis Clematis viticella Linnaeus, var. leiostylis Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 136. 1885.  
Clematis viticella var. lineariloba Clematis viticella Linnaeus, var. lineariloba (de Candolle) Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 137. 1885.Clematis lineariloba de Candolle 1817. 
Clematis viticella var. pilostylis Clematis viticella Linnaeus, var. pilostylis Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 136. 1885.  
Clematis walteri Clematis walteri Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 384. 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (holotype: BM).
Clematitis crispa Clematitis crispa (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 296. 1794.Clematis crispa Linnaeus 1753. 
Coriflora crispa Coriflora crispa (Linnaeus) W. A. Weber, Phytologia 51: 373. 1982; Phytologia 79: 66. 1996.Clematis crispa Linnaeus 1753. 
Viorna crispa var. walteri Viorna crispa (Linnaeus) Small, var. walteri (Pursh) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 438, 1330. 1903.Clematis walteri Pursh 1814. 
Viorna cylindrica Viorna cylindrica (Sims) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 7: 269. 1839.Clematis cylindrica Sims 1808. 
Viticella crispa Viticella crispa (Linnaeus) Berchtold & J. Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(Ranunc.): 11. 1824.Clematis crispa Linnaeus 1753. 
Clematis crispa var. walteri Clematis cylindrica Sims, var. walteri (Pursh) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 10. 1838.Clematis walteri Pursh 1814. 
Viorna crispa Viorna crispa (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 437, 1330. 1903.Clematis crispa Linnaeus 1753. 
Viorna obliqua Viorna obliqua Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 438, 1331. 1903. FLORIDA: St. Johns Co.: St. Augustine, 1872, Reynolds s.n. (holotype: NY).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Chambers, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, Escambia, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jefferson, Lee, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00030390 Marengo 1 Apr 1965 Willard T. Gammons
37
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000033487 Barbour 20 Aug 2011 Lauren Ryan
19
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000008095 Houston 09 Jun 1996 John R. MacDonald
9577
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000024632 Montgomery 27 Apr 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20640
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00047137 Houston 9 Jun 1996 John R. MacDonald
9577
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000008096 Pike 10 May 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12420
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0003560 Montgomery 27 Apr 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20640
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
JSU128059 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
380
JSU
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC051593 Crenshaw 21 APR 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7348
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC067607 Franklin 29 MAR 2007 MITCHELL, J.D.
32
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0011124 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0414
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
UNA00064906 Greene 26 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2842
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000008101 Pike 19 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14624
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC061068 Choctaw 22 JUN 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1051
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000008087 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Curtis J. Hansen
1766
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000022413 Greene 29 May 1972 Robert Kral
46864
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
USAM000013347 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11819
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC043392 Conecuh 27 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1603
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0008096 Conecuh 12 Jul 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22338
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00030210 Madison 14 Jun 1980 Russell A. Meigs
838
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
UWAL0012303 Clarke 22 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7773
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC016659 Macon 29 APR 1969 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
679
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0013384 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4448
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00063577 Crenshaw 22 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14628
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000039403 Covington 09 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25081
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000008090 Coffee 03 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
695
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0035007 Morgan 19 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
8033
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC066938 Wilcox 19 MAY 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2223
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UNA00067170 Choctaw 20 Apr 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
344
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
AUA_ACC012768 Macon 23 APR 1966 JOHNSON, A. S.
86
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0003564 Marengo 16 May 1993 Harris, J.W.
s.n.
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
UNA00030400 Mobile _ May 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
UWAL0003563 Greene 26 Apr 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2842
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
JSU128056 Baldwin 8 Jun 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9928
JSU
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC046484 Montgomery 12 APR 1975 VEAL, FRED
61
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0003559 Dallas 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5286
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
UNA00030375 Hale 30 Jun 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
377
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
AUA_ACC062194 Barbour 10 JUL 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-293)
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA000038271 Madison 02 Jun 2017 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
7901
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC043414 Butler 19 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
418
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC048872 Bullock 15 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4764
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
USAM000013350 Baldwin 17 Jul 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5438
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0038331 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8351
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0042965 Baldwin 11 Jul 2000 Larsen, H.S.
477
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000008091 Covington 15 May 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12432
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00030205 Greene 14 Apr 1967 Joab L. Thomas
T981
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
AUA_ACC012996 Henry 10 APR 1966 KNOWLES, RONALD
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000022627 Butler 13 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19254
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00030225 Russell 4 May 1973 Debra Scruggs
90
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
UWAL0034829 Covington 04 May 1987 Kral, R.
73932
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
AUA_ACC046142 Crenshaw 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3389
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0019734 Houston 04 May 1987 Kral, R.
73917
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
UWAL0033766 Geneva 12 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8743
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000035135 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
414
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
USAM000013351 Baldwin 07 Aug 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5469
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00030365 Mobile 6 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1452
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000008088 Butler 13 Jul 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17780
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0035152 Morgan 01 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7845
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00063587 Pike 19 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14624
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
USAM000013346 Baldwin 30 Jul 1976 Michael G. LeLong
9332
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC019465 Houston 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
512
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0004979 Covington 01 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22013
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC065482 Baldwin 11 MAY 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1766
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0001700 Sumter 04 Jul 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6090
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000032107 Pickens 25 Apr 2010 Brian R. Keener
5886
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC034736 Montgomery 12 APR 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
213
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000008094 Escambia 21 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
260
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0003561 Pickens 25 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5886
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000033133 Conecuh 12 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22338
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC045198 Russell 7 MAY 1979 WILKERSON, E. H.
96
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000042617 Houston 18 Jun 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26485
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00030385 Montgomery 20 Apr 1962 Tommy Denton
9
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
AUA_ACC034446 Macon 21 APR 1978 GRANT, MARY P.
88
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0003558 Coffee 18 May 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17598
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
JSU128058 Jefferson 18 May 1984 J. P. Barber
523
JSU
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC064364 Pike 19 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14624
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC034737 Geneva 6 APR 1974 LANCASTER, D. S.
134
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0019785 Houston 18 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26498
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00030380 Montgomery 4 Apr 1960 Bill Brian
s.n.
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000008092 Covington 17 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13361
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC041722 Russell 4 MAY 1973 CANNON, ED
170
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC026418 Geneva 7 JUN 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35116
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000022628 Coffee 18 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17598
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC002242 Bullock 25 APR 1949 ORR, WILLIAM P.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UNA00030395 Tuscaloosa 3 Jun 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
USAM000013349 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8351
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0033861 Hale 10 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9499
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000041911 Monroe 02 Nov 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25645
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC014533 Macon 10 MAY 1969 SEAY, J. R.
128
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UNA00048676 Butler 13 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
600
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000008089 Butler 10 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17552
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000022412 Greene 26 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2842
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
JSU128060 Macon 21 Apr 1973 James B. Hollis
069
JSU
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC064363 Crenshaw 22 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14628
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC020435 Henry 29 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
460
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0016963 Sumter 03 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1831
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC066945 Baldwin 11 MAY 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1766
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000008093 Crenshaw 22 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14628
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC061053 Choctaw 23 APR 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
880B
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000008097 Wilcox 19 May 2006 Curtis J. Hansen
2223
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
USAM000013345 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11834
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC045629 Conecuh 9 MAY 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3220
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0003556 Butler 13 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19254
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
UNA00030370 Hale 30 Jun 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
377
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
AUA_ACC061637 Barbour 10 APR 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-104)
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA000037528 Morgan 01 Jun 2017 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
7845
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC051312 Pike 17 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6382
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
AUA_ACC002240 Lee 15 APR 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
USAM000013348 Mobile 14 Sep 1974 Michael G. LeLong
8190.1
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0037905 Mobile 14 Sep 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8190.5
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNAF0001670 Jefferson 20 Jul 1997 Peters, Karl
s.n.
UNAF
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC014532 Chambers 4 MAY 1969 HARMON, CRYSTAL
82
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UNA00030324 Greene 14 Apr 1967 Joab L. Thomas
T1000
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
AUA_ACC066028 Greene 26 APR 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2842
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000022626 Crenshaw 12 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19245
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00059157 Tuscaloosa 21 Apr 2001 D. D. Spaulding
11014
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000022414 Madison 08 Aug 1997 Daniel D. Spaulding
9880/1167
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC046141 Butler 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3403
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0019330 Pickens 14 Apr 1998 Kral, R.
87300
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
UWAL0031291 Hale 23 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8877
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000031991 Sumter 04 Jul 2010 Brian R. Keener
6090
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
USAM000013344 Mobile 11 Aug 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10451
USAM
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC002241 Bullock 1 MAY 1951 FORCE, DONALD I.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0012536 Houston 18 Jun 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
1056
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0035147 Madison 02 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7901
UWAL
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UNA00063076 Pike 19 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14624
UNA
Clematis crispa L.
TROY000022624 Choctaw 20 Apr 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
344
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC002239 Macon 4 MAY 1955 MOUNT, ROBERT H.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000022625 Houston 10 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18890A
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC069294 Escambia 14 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3419
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
TROY000044606 Geneva 26 Apr 2017 Cameron Byrd
1088
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
TROY000046864 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8351
TROY
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC046236 Geneva 6 APR 1974 JENKINS, J. D.
96
AUA
CLEMATIS CRISPA L.
UWAL0003557 Choctaw 20 Apr 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
0344
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
JSU128057 Colbert 6 May 1978 R. Kral
61689
JSU
Clematis crispa Linnaeus
UWAL0003562 Sumter 26 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
0709
UWAL
Clematis crispa L.
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