Lythrum lanceolatum

Family:LYTHRACEAE
Species:Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
Common Name:Southern Winged Loosestrife
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Winged Loosestrife is a native herbaceous perennial in the Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). It is native to most of Alabama. Southern Winged Loosestrife occurs in wet prairies, in low pastures, along pond and lake margins, and in wet roadside ditches. It is a perennial with an elongate rhizome. Stems are erect, branched above the middle, obscurely angled, glabrous, and green above and brown below. Leaves are opposite lower on the stem and alternate near the tips. The leaves are sessile, lance-ovate to linear-lanceolate in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. The leaves are greatly reduced upwards. Flowers are solitary in the axils of the upper leaves. Each flower has a cylindrical ribbed calyx with 5 triangular teeth and subulate intersepalar appendages alternating with them. The intersepalar appendages are longer than the calyx teeth. The corolla is funnel-form with 6 petals fused at the base into a short tube. The petals range in color from lavender to pale blue or pinkish, to almost white. Each petal has a purple or rose-pink mid-vein. The fruit is a capsule. Southern Winged Loosestrife is an important food plant for bees. It can be grown in a bog garden or along ponds or streams. It prefers a moist clay soil in full sun. Southern Winged Loosestrife is very similar to Northern Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum Pursh) and is often treated as a variety of that species. It differs in having a minute bract on the distal part of the pedicel near the base of the flower while L. alatum produces a similar bract near the base of the pedicel.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:Very similar to L. alatum but bears a minute bract on distal part of pedicel near base of flower while L. alatum produces a similar bract near base of pedicel.
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLYTHRACEAE - Loosestrife family
Genus Lythrum
Species Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott - Southern Winged Loosestrife

Citation

Citation Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1(6): 544–545. 1821.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torr. & A. Gray ex Rothr., Rep. U.S. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler vol. 6, Botany 120. 1878[1879].Lythrum lanceolatum ElliottSOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cleburne, Crenshaw, Dallas, Etowah, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1897 - 1997

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_41977 Montgomery 5 Jul 1981 Eble, C.F.
18
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0006658 Greene 08 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5496
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UNA00019064 Mobile 02 Aug 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D616
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0012264 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7414
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
JSU130681 Talladega 13 Jul 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
337
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000021327 Hale 06 Jun 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2238
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00066928 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3198
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000021326 Hale 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11950
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0030306 Dallas 24 Jul 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9039
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0035639 Mobile 27 Jul 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2322
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
TROY000042856 Montgomery 03 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26544
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0006663 Lowndes 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3703
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_46101 Cherokee 5 Jun 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3333
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0001779 Pike 03 Aug 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21520
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_22481 Cleburne 26 Jul 1970 Cox, W.A.
131
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0006666 Sumter 21 Jun 1971 Boyd, Shirley
s.n.
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0044492 Baldwin 04 Aug 2000 Nation, N. Fred
455
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_57168 Pike 13 Aug 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9302
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00058448 Hale 06 Jun 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2238
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0018653 Baldwin 21 Aug 1993 Kral, Robert
83238
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
TROY000041558 Marengo 13 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25435
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0012126 Pickens 27 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7968
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0002994 Lowndes 12 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5518
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
JSU130680 Calhoun 17 Aug 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
1011
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0015691 Wilcox 22 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24389
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
JSU130596 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11742
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000020578 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, Robert
15 Aug 2005
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
ALNHS00004189 Mobile 26 Aug 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2575
ALNHS
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
TROY000045199 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
18
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torr. & A. Gray ex Rothr.
AUA_ACC_23142 Macon 5 Jul 1971 Spratling, R.E.
67
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0005669 Wilcox 16 Aug 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13051.2
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UNA00019075 Mobile _ Oct 1879 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000006881 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 Kral, Robert
94257
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0011005 Macon 22 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23123
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_30838 Macon 29 Jun 1973 Owen, J.T.
67
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00019084 Dallas 18 Jun 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2228
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
AUA_ACC_32284 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35824
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
USAM000008364 Baldwin 02 Aug 1980 Lott, Bob
80
USAM
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UNA00065937 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 Kral, Robert
94257
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_13839 Montgomery 15 Jul 1967 Atkins, W.B.
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00019060 Hale 14 Jul 1965 Maginness, Sherrie E.
s.n.
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019070 Marengo 26 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6747
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UNA00019068 Greene 18 Jun 1966 Naugle, Helen E.
G 109
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_20127 Macon 29 Jun 1970 Moore, Harold D.
176
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0006661 Sumter 08 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5501
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UNA00019063 Mobile 15 Jul 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D598
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
SAMF0002727 Calhoun 16 Aug 2006 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3533
SAMF
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0011041 Macon 17 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23094
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_39229 Wilcox 17 Jul 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
987
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00019062 Greene 31 Jul 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1741
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_71788 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
911
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00019066 Perry 07 Aug 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
8176
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000034192 Lowndes 12 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5518
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0044491 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Larsen, Harry S.
1075
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0012192 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7951
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0006659 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, Robert
96712
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_42431 Marengo 23 Jul 1972 Street, J.J.
179
AUA
Lythrum Lanceolatum Ell.
UWAL0047659 Barbour 17 Aug 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#3257
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UNA00069919 Jackson 29 Jul 2009 Webb, David
7079
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000021325 Greene 29 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46849
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0049714 Jackson 29 Jul 2009 Webb, David H.
7079
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_38100 Russell 8 Jul 1981 Zauner, B.
43
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00019085 Montgomery 05 Jun 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2174
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
AUA_ACC_22420 Lee 21 Jul 1970 Smith, Wayne
166
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
TROY000040281 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7414
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019077 Mobile 13 Jul 1897 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_40020 Bullock 23 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00062269 Hale 29 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11950
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
TROY000006882 Crenshaw 07 Jul 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13448
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019069 Marengo 09 Jul 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7399
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
USAM000008365 Baldwin 21 Oct 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
9968
USAM
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_64783 Mobile 19 Oct 1973 Taylor, John
15422
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0044488 Baldwin 26 Jun 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
880
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
JSU130597 Calhoun 17 Jun 1969 Stanley, Judy
s.n.
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000034949 Wilcox 16 Aug 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13051b
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0039425 Jackson 27 Aug 2018 Webb, David H.
8592
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0006656 Butler 25 Jul 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20844
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0016300 Marengo 13 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25435
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_48927 Bullock 25 Jun 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5082
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
JSU130673 Jefferson 7 Sep 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
1047
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_23141 Barbour 17 Jul 1971 Guthrie, C.D.
122
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
JSU130662 Cherokee 2 Sep 1997 Ballard, J. Mark
7607
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000035301 Macon 22 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23123
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00047682 Barbour 20 Jun 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10743
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
AUA_ACC_34955 Montgomery 2 Jul 1979 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0014244 Bullock 07 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
851
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0039368 Jackson 22 Aug 2017 Webb, David H.
8447
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0012228 St. Clair 21 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5997
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UNA00019086 Limestone 08 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
973
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UWAL0019668 Crenshaw 23 Jul 1993 Kral, Robert
82943
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
TROY000041560 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25484
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0038781 Etowah 12 Sep 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9203
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0030082 Montgomery 03 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26544
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
ALNHS00004189 Mobile 26 Aug 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2575
ALNHS
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
USAM000008363 Mobile 18 Aug 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11327
USAM
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0006662 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3198
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
TROY000021255 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
911
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_43376 Wilcox 28 Jun 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1046
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_22421 Cleburne 26 Jul 1970 Burrough, Thomas A.
104
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_17343 Russell 19 Jul 1969 Thornhill, Randy
148
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UWAL0046608 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
18
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
JSU130598 Calhoun 17 Jun 1969 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_51601 Crenshaw 1 Jul 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7542
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
UNA00008889 Wilcox 17 Jul 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
987
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UWAL0006657 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19641
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0006660 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
911
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC_23140 Hale 4 Jul 1971 Mckitrick, S.R.L.
61
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
JSU130599 Calhoun 11 Jul 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
748
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC_60979 Montgomery 21 Jun 1967 Rankin, H.Taylor
AUA
Lythrum Alatum Pursh Var. Lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray Ex Rothrock
JSU130674 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
798
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000040963 Pickens 27 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7968
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
JSU130677 Talladega 13 Oct 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3251
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000021328 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3198
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
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