Scutellaria racemosa

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
Common Name:South American Skullcap
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SCRA
Plant Notes:South American Skullcap is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It is native to Central and South America. It was first collected in the United States from Mobile County in 1965 and has since spread throughout the southeast. In Alabama it can be found primarily in the southern half of the state. South American Skullcap occurs in flower beds and lawns, along lake and stream margins, on golf courses, in roadside ditches, and along railroads. It is a perennial forming large colonies from slender rhizomes. The stems are erect to ascending, 6-12 inches in height, square in cross section, frequently branched, glabrous, and green or purplish in color. Leaves are opposite, short-petioled, triangular to ovate or lanceolate in outline, entire except for one lobe on one or both sides at the base, glabrous or minutely pubescent along the veins and the margin. Flower are produced singly in the axils of the upper bract-like leaves. The flowers are pubescent exteriorly, two lipped, and lavender in color with spots of purple on the lower lip. The fruit is a nutlet. South American Skullcap is an invasive species often associated with the nursery trade. It can be difficult to eradicate once established.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Scutellaria
Species Scutellaria racemosa Persoon - South American Skullcap

Citation

Citation SCUTELLARIA RACEMOSA Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 136. 1806.
Basionym: **
Type: URUGUAY: Near Montevideo, s.d., Commerson s.n. (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Scutellaria hastata Scutellaria hastata Larranaga, Escritos 2: 187. 1923, non Rafinesque 1817. URUGUAY
Scutellaria rojasii Scutellaria rojasii Briquet, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2. 7: 600. 1907. PARAGUAY: Río Pilcomayo, s.d., Rojas 171 (holotype: G).
Scutellaria rumicifolia Scutellaria rumicifolia Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 324. 1818. MEXICO: Veracruz: Near Jalapa, s.d., Bonpland s.n. (holotype: P).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Covington, Dale, Escambia, Houston, Lee, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 1987

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_55276 Covington 21 Apr 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9070
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
UNA00040736 Tuscaloosa 12 May 1987 Burckhalter, Robert
991
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_65509 Baldwin 1 Apr 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1734
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
TROY000046612 Autauga 18 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
811
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000020905 Houston 07 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96220
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0004993 Montgomery 22 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22147
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UNA00058000 Pike 18 Apr 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13049
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
USAM000007888 Mobile 02 May 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
11987
USAM
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0018588 Tuscaloosa 26 Jun 2015 Buckner, Richard
s.n.
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000006656 Pike 23 May 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15499
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
AUA000041429 Lee 10 Sep 2013 Hansen, Curtis J.
5817
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_63222 Mobile 19 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8133
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_26005 Baldwin 8 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43084
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
UWAL0043714 Baldwin 17 Mar 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
719
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UNA00057982 Dale 12 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13165
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_45057 Lee 8 Jul 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2613
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
TROY000033164 Montgomery 22 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22147
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
AUA_ACC_65474 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1779
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_65222 Pike 23 Jun 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15499
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_61640 Barbour 10 Apr 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-101)
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
UWAL0006550 Houston 07 May 2005 Kral, Robert
96220
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
USAM000007887 Mobile 02 May 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
11987
USAM
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0030161 Monroe 24 Apr 2015 Davenport, L.J.
5719
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0048303 Mobile 04 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4209
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000006649 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1779
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000006655 Pike 18 Apr 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13049
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000006651 Baldwin 26 Dec 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16094
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UNA00040734 Mobile 30 Apr 1967 Deramus, Rebecca
D1063
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UNA00058991 Dale 04 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13255
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_55269 Pike 11 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8615
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
TROY000006654 Mobile 24 Jun 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12156
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UNA00058838 Barbour 12 May 1999 Kral, Robert
88364
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
AUA_ACC_65709 Baldwin 26 Dec 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16094
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
SAMF0003059 Monroe 24 Apr 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5719
SAMF
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
ALNHS00003728 Houston 27 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP-162
ALNHS
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UWFP012059 Escambia 16 Sep 2012 James R. Burkhalter
23642
UWFP
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
USAM000007885 Mobile 02 May 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
11987
USAM
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0006549 Baldwin 01 Apr 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1734
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
TROY000006652 Dale 04 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13255
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
SAMF0004902 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1779
SAMF
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UNA00064542 Pike 23 Jun 2005 da Fonseca Vaz, A.M.S.
15499
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UWAL0015475 Baldwin 06 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4912
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0014859 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1020
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0036640 Morgan 23 Dec 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3666
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0046664 Autauga 18 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
811
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000039027 Mobile 27 Jun 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000038650 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1020
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
JSU140231 Mobile 14 Apr 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP991
JSU
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
AUA000030089 Tuscaloosa 26 Jun 2015 Buckner, Richard
AUA
Scutellaria Racemosa Pers.
TROY000006650 Baldwin 01 Apr 2005 Hansen, Curtis J.
1734
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
ALNHS00001389 Mobile 20 Mar 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#727
ALNHS
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UNA00060456 Mobile 19 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8133
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
USAM000007883 Mobile 25 Nov 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
10086
USAM
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
USAM000007886 Mobile 02 May 1981 LeLong, Michel G.
11987
USAM
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UWAL0047638 Houston 20 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP-261
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UWAL0049269 Bullock 02 Jun 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3917
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
TROY000006653 Dale 12 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13165
TROY
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
USAM000007884 Mobile 01 May 1980 Powers, Maureen T.
9
USAM
Scutellaria racemosa Persoon
UNA00040735 Mobile 10 Apr 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D378
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UWAL0052422 Sumter 12 Sep 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10448
UWAL
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
UNA00040737 Baldwin 08 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43084
UNA
Scutellaria racemosa Pers.
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