Trifolium carolinianum

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
Common Name:Carolina Clover; Wild White Clover
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:TRCA6
Plant Notes:Carolina Clover is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to the central and southern United States from Texas and Missouri east to Virginia and Florida. In Alabama it can be found statewide, but is most common in the southern half of the state. Carolina Clover occurs in lawns, on roadsides, in cemeteries, on granite outcrops, and in thin, sandy pine or scrub oak woods. It is a perennial with a tap root. The stems are 3-11 inches in length, decumbent to ascending, pubescent, and green or reddish green in color. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and palmately 3-foliate. The leaflets are obovate to obcordate in outline, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, with small teeth above the middle. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are on pubescent peduncles and are held above the foliage. Individual flowers are papilionaceous and white or pinkish in color on elongate pedicles that recurve in fruit. The calyx is pubescent with 10 nerves. The fruit is a legume enclosed by the calyx tube.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Trifolium
Species Trifolium carolinianum Michaux - Carolina Clover; Wild White Clover

Citation

Citation TRIFOLIUM CAROLINIANUM Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 58. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Near Charleston, s.d., Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Amoria caroliniana Amoria caroliniana (Michaux) C. Presl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47. 1831.Trifolium carolinianum Michaux 1803. 
Trifolium oxypetalum Trifolium oxypetalum Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 2: 51. 1830.  
Trifolium umbellatum Trifolium umbellatum Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 199. 1825.  
Trifolium saxicola Trifolium saxicola Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 302, pl. 212. 1894. GEORGIA: DeKalb Co.: Base of Stone Mountain, 28 Jul 1893, Small s.n. (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Henry, Houston, Lee, Limestone, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1879 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU146686 Sumter 01 May 1988 Thomas, R. Dale
104210
JSU
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
TROY000042238 Lee 18 Apr 1979 Kral, Robert
63351
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
TROY000042156 Coffee 29 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26067
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UNA00055972 Houston 12 Apr 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11053
UNA
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
TROY000034693 Butler 16 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22853
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000013845 Pike 16 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4222
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
TROY000046108 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28072
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UWAL0039610 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28072
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
UWAL0050333 Escambia 07 Mar 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29187
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UNA00018244 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
963.5
UNA
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
AUA_ACC_48571 Pike 9 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4172
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
TROY000042360 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26134
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UNA00018242 Tuscaloosa 05 May 1879 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
UWAL0010793 Butler 16 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22853
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000013844 Pike 9 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4172
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
USAM000006702 Mobile n.d. LeLong, Michel G.
4168
USAM
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000037885 Escambia 15 Mar 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5413
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
UWAL0007135 Sumter 17 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5789
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
TROY000027705 Butler 19 Mar 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20526
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000013841 Escambia 23 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4562
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
TROY000050061 15 Mar 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5413
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UWAL0005487 Montgomery 07 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21860
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000013837 Conecuh 17 Apr 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3137
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
AUA000030775 Escambia 23 Mar 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
4973
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
AUA000013846 Sumter 1 May 1988 Thomas, R.Dale
104210
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
AUA000013838 Dale 23 Mar 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15019
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
TROY000049407 Escambia 07 Mar 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29187
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UWAL0033278 Henry 03 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27219
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
TROY000032510 Montgomery 07 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21860
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000013843 Lee 21 Apr 1955 Moore, William H.
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
UNA00050094 Dale 10 Apr 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11006
UNA
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
UWAL0007134 Butler 19 Mar 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20526
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
JSU138137 Limestone 01 Mar 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
334
JSU
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UNA00055959 Henry 11 Apr 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11030
UNA
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
UWAL0017731 Coffee 29 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26067
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000013839 Dale 15 Apr 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8125
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
TROY000042213 Baldwin 21 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5033
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UNA00018241 Mobile 30 Apr 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D880
UNA
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
AUA000028662 Baldwin 21 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5033
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
AUA000013842 Houston 9 Feb 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5672
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
UWAL0033212 Houston 10 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27237
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
TROY000005688 Dale 23 Mar 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15019
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UWAL0017718 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26134
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
AUA000042677 Escambia 22 Feb 2013 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
UWAL0006292 Lee 18 Apr 1979 Kral, R.
63351
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
AUA000013840 Elmore 19 Apr 1966 Logan, Robert
AUA
Trifolium Carolinianum Michx.
UNA00008885 Mobile 20 Apr _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
TROY000044251 Henry 03 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27219
TROY
Trifolium carolinianum Michaux
UWAL0004741 Baldwin 21 Feb 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5033
UWAL
Trifolium carolinianum Michx.
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