Trifolium arvense

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
Common Name:Rabbit Foot Clover
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:TRAR4
Plant Notes:Rabbit Foot Clover is an introduced annual herbaceous plant in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to Europe and western Asia. In Alabama, it can be found state wide. Rabbit Foot Clover grows in lawns, on roadsides, and in fields and pastures. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are erect, branched or unbranched, 2-14 inches in height, and softly pubescent. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and palmately 3-foliate. The leaflets are linear to oblanceolate in outline, ciliate along the margins or with tiny teeth, and pubescent. Flowers are produced in a dense gray terminal head. Individual flowers are sessile with a densely pubescent calyx. The calyx has 5 wide spreading narrow lobes that are plumose pubescent. Flowers are white or pink in color and exceeded by the calyx lobes. The fruit is a 1-2 seeded legume that is enclosed in the calyx. Rabbit Foot Clover is a larval food plant for Orange Sulfur (Colias eurytheme), Clouded Sulfur (Colias philodice), Eastern Tailed Blue (Everes comyntas), and Northern Cloudywing (Thorybes pylades) Butterflies. Rabbit Foot Clover is sometimes planted as a cover crop to improve soil fertility.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Trifolium
Species Trifolium arvense Linnaeus - Rabbit Foot Clover

Citation

Citation TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 769. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 374, Trifolium 13 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Zohary, Candollea 27: 146. 1972.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Trifolium agrestinum Trifolium agrestinum Jordan ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 153. 1857. FRANCE
Trifolium arenivagum Trifolium arenivagum Jordan ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 153. 1857. FRANCE
Trifolium arvense subsp. agrestinum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, subsp. agrestinum (Jordan ex Boreau) Rouy, Fl. France 5: 106. 1899.Trifolium agrestinum Jordan ex Boreau 1857 
Trifolium arvense subsp. brittingeri Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, subsp. brittingeri (Weitenweber) W. D. J. Koch ex Rouy, Fl. France 5: 105. 1899.Trifolium brittingeri Weitenweber 1852. 
Trifolium arvense subsp. longisetum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, subsp. longisetum (Boissier & Balansa ex Boissier) Rouy, Fl. France 5: 104. 1899.Trifolium longisetum Boissier & Balansa ex Boissier 1859. 
Trifolium arvense var. aetnense Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. aetnense Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 236. 1844. ITALY
Trifolium arvense var. alopecuroides Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. alopecuroides Rouy, Fl. France 5: 106. 1899.  
Trifolium arvense var. arenivagum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. arenivagum (Jordan ex Boreau) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Oesterreich 848. 1892.Trifolium arenivagum Jordan ex Boreau 1857. 
Trifolium arvense var. australe Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. australe Tenore, Fl. Napol. 5: 141. 1835- 1836.  
Trifolium arvense var. ballii Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. ballii Murbeck, Contr. Fl. Maroc 1: 62. 1922.  
Trifolium arvense var. brachyodon Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. brachyodon Celakovsky, Prodr. Fl. Boehmen 907. 1881.  
Trifolium arvense var. capitatum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. capitatum Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 191. 1825.  
Trifolium arvense var. crassicaule Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. crassicaule Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 191. 1825.  
Trifolium arvense var. cyrenaicum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. cyrenaicum Pampannini, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., ser. 2. 31: 217. 1924.  
Trifolium arvense var. latifolium Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. latifolium Pantu, Contr. Fl. Bucurest. 2: 45. 1910.  
Trifolium arvense var. longisetum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. longisetum (Boissier & Balansa ex Boissier) Boissier, Fl. Orient. 2: 120. 1872.Trifolium longisetum Boissier & Balansa ex Boissier 1859. 
Trifolium arvense var. perpusillum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. perpusillum Seringe, in de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 191. 1825.  
Trifolium arvense var. strictior Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. strictior Mertens & W. D. J. Koch, in Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3. 5: 270. 1839.  
Trifolium arvense var. typicum Trifolium arvense Linnaeus, var. typicum Beck, Fl. Nieder-Oesterreich 848. 1892, nom. inadmiss.Trifolium arvense Linnaeus 1753. 
Trifolium brittingeri Trifolium brittingeri Weitenweber, in Opiz, Naturalientausch 9: 142. 1852.  
Trifolium capitulatum Trifolium capitulatum Pau, Not. Bot. Fl. Espan. 1: 9. 1887.  
Trifolium eriocephalum Trifolium eriocephalum Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 1: 541. 1843.  
Trifolium lagopinum Trifolium lagopinum Jordan, Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci., ser. 2. 1: 269. 1851. FRANCE: Near Lyon,
Trifolium longisetum Trifolium longisetum Boissier & Balansa ex Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 2(6): 47. 1859.  
Trifolium sabuletorum Trifolium sabuletorum Jordan ex Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3. 2: 153. 1857. FRANCE

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000005660 Pike 26 Apr 1993 Dennis Coleman
4
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000030903 Lee 01 May 1950 Helen Richards
s.n.
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000042268 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26199
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137991 Lee 02 May 1966 Robert Berry
s.n.
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005655 Dale 15 May 1993 Renate Richters
7
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005659 Montgomery 16 May 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12436
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013708 Crenshaw 7 MAY 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15329
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
UNA00068668 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3578
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013718 Macon 7 MAY 1999 CRANDALL, ELIZABETH A.
1
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
JSU137986 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9638
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000019843 Barbour 04 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19149
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0017693 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26199
UWAL
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005651 Coffee 21 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
620
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000019918 Elmore 24 Apr 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11765
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000019842 Henry 01 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19120
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013707 Crenshaw 22 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4526
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
TROY000019841 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3578
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UNA00061248 Elmore 24 Apr 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11765
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013715 Lee 12 MAY 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
USAM000006696 Mobile 09 Jun 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12055
USAM
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013722 Randolph 19 JUN 1973 SPENCER, S. K.
026
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
JSU138004 Chilton 13 Apr 1968 Judy O'Neal
s.n.
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013712 Lee 6 JUL 1969 HAYES, J. L.
027
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
TROY000039910 Choctaw 06 Apr 2012 Brian R. Keener
7093
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0007085 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17466
UWAL
Trifolium arvernse L.
UNA00018225 Tuscaloosa 8 Jun 1981 L. J. Davenport
2138
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013710 Escambia 25 APR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15211
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
TROY000005656 Escambia 25 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15211
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137985 Colbert 14 Jul 1973 H. G. Hanlin
203
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005654 Dale 08 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15065
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137989 Lawrence 25 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17701
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0007086 Jackson 09 Jun 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5439
UWAL
Trifolium arvernse L.
UWAL0010789 Barbour 01 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23006
UWAL
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137987 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1312
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000019844 Covington 24 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19054
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137996 Macon 20 May 1973 R. McCullers
205
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005658 Henry 14 May 1993 Malinda Carpenter
8
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UNA00018227 Hale 28 May 1937 Roland M. Harper
3580
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
UWAL0007084 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3578
UWAL
Trifolium arvernse L.
AUA000013705 Covington 5 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6878
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
UNA00054109 Blount 10 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
759
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013713 Lee 8 JUL 1972 BALL, DONALD M.
039
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
JSU137984 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17834
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0032811 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6587
UWAL
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0010275 Dallas 11 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7259
UWAL
Trifolium arvense L.
TROY000039445 Monroe 12 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25092
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0037232 Coosa 20 May 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14632
UWAL
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013714 Lee 16 MAY 1969 HALL, WILLIAM G.
164
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
TROY000036566 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
495
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000041151 Elmore 19 May 2012 Robert Pullen
435
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UNA00048885 Barbour 5 Apr 1997 John R. MacDonald
10082
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013704 Conecuh 24 APR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9083
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
JSU137994 Lee Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005653 Crenshaw 07 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15329
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137983 Cherokee 22 Jun 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15314
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
USAM000006697 Mobile 09 Jun 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12055
USAM
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137992 Lee 02 May 1966 R. Berry
s.n.
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013717 Lee MAY 1950 RICHARDS, HELEN
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
UWAL0003103 Washington 16 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6367
UWAL
Trifolium arvense L.
TROY000032243 Jackson 09 Jun 2009 Brian R. Keener
5439
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000019917 Colbert 21 May 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12270
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0039671 Elmore 03 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28270
UWAL
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013703 Colbert 7 AUG 1971 STRAIT, DAN B.
147
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
AUA000013721 Pike 18 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4463
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
AUA000013716 Lee 29 APR 1963 ELKINS, DONALD M.
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
UNA00065642 Colbert 21 May 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12270
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013706 Covington 3 MAY 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
USAM000006695 Mobile 09 Jun 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12055
USAM
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013702 Colbert 21 MAY 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12270
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
TROY000005652 Crenshaw 14 May 1991 Grant Nichols
4
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0007083 Autauga 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5269
UWAL
Trifolium arvernse L.
JSU137993 Lee 16 Jun 1973 Tom W. French
52
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000019919 Randolph 15 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11388
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000032147 Autauga 13 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5269
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005657 Geneva 14 Apr 2001 Robert Kral
90786
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005661 Pike 17 Apr 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13850
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013709 Dale 8 APR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15065
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
UNA00059370 Randolph 15 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11388
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
AUA000013719 Macon 24 APR 1979 CRAWFORD, DANIEL S.
078
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
USAM000006694 Mobile 09 Jun 1981 Michel G. Lelong
12055
USAM
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
JSU137988 Jackson 04 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1941
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013711 Lee 17 MAY 1970 KNOTTS, CARL R.
229
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
TROY000039914 Dallas 11 May 2012 Brian R. Keener
7259
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UNA00060276 Pike 17 Apr 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13850
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
UWAL0036246 Mobile 12 Apr 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3776
UWAL
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UNA00018228 Calhoun 23 May 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7171
UNA
Trifolium arvense L.
JSU137990 Lee 16 May 1973 Daniel A. Botts
128
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
TROY000005650 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17466
TROY
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0015369 Morgan 08 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4967
UWAL
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
AUA000013720 Montgomery 13 MAY 1967 ALTA M. BURNETT
230
AUA
TRIFOLIUM ARVENSE L.
JSU137995 Talladega 26 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16734
JSU
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0016480 Monroe 12 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25092
UWAL
Trifolium arvense Linnaeus
UWAL0010633 Choctaw 06 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7093
UWAL
Trifolium arvense L.
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