Ipomoea hederifolia

Family:CONVOLVULACEAE
Species:Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
Common Name:Scarlet Creeper; Scarlet Morning Glory
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:IPHE2
Plant Notes:Scarlet Creeper is an introduced herbaceous annual member of the Morning Glory family (Convolvulaceae). It is a weedy herbaceous vine native to Central and South America. In Alabama it is primarily found in the southeastern portion of the state. Scarlet Creeper grows on roadsides, fence rows, and as a weed in agricultural crops. It is also widely planted for its brilliant orange flowers. Scarlet Creeper is a twining vine with alternate leaves. The stem is green in color and glabrous. The leaves are petiolate, cordate in outline, and with entire, toothed, or lobed margins. The leaf shape varies greatly, even on a single plant. They may be heart shaped, shallowly or deeply three lobed, or irregularly lobed. The leaves are mostly glabrous or with a few hairs in the axils of the larger veins. Flowers are produced in axillary cymes of 2-5 flowers. The calyx is green and 5-lobed. The corolla is salverform and orange in color. The tube of the corolla is longer than the lobes. The stigma and stamens are exserted. The tubular orange flowers close before noon on hot sunny days, but may remain open all day on cloudy or cool days. The fruit is a capsule. Scarlet Creeper is available as seed from many nurseries. There is also a form with lemon yellow flowers. This species hybridizes with Cypress Vine (Ipomoea quamoclit Linnaeus) to form Cardinal Creeper (Ipomoea x multifida (Raf.) Shinners). Cardinal Creeper is also widely cultivated.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCONVOLVULACEAE - Morning-Glory family
Genus Ipomoea
Species Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus - Scarlet Creeper; Scarlet Morning Glory

Citation

Citation IPOMOEA HEDERIFOLIA Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 925. 1759.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: Plumier, in Burman, Pl. Amer. t. 93(2). 1756). Lectotypified by O'Donell, Lilloa 29: 48. 1959.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Convolvulus acutangulus Convolvulus acutangulus (Ruiz López & Pavón) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 605. 1824.Ipomoea acutangula Ruiz López & Pavón 1799. 
Convolvulus angulatus Convolvulus angulatus (Lamarck) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 594. 1824.Ipomoea angulata Lamarck 1793. 
Convolvulus hederifolius Convolvulus hederifolius (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 594. 1824.Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 
Convolvulus luteolus Convolvulus luteolus (Jacquin) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 599. 1824.Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Convolvulus sanguineus Convolvulus sanguineus (Vahl) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 595. 1824.Ipomoea sanguinea Vahl 1794. 
Ipomoea acutangula Ipomoea acutangula Ruiz López & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. 2: 11, t. 119(b). 1799. PERU
Ipomoea angularis Ipomoea angularis Willdenow, in Rottler, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 197. 1803.  
Ipomoea angulata Ipomoea angulata Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 464. 1793. MAURITIUS: Without data, Sonnerat s.n. (holotype: P).
Ipomoea coccinea var. curviflora Ipomoea coccinea Linnaeus, var. curviflora Grisebach, Fl. Brit. W.I. 472. 1861. JAMAICA
Ipomoea coccinea var. luteola Ipomoea coccinea Linnaeus, var. luteola (Jacquin) Meisner, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 7: 218. 1869.Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Ipomoea dichotoma Ipomoea dichotoma Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 112. 1819. COLOMBIA
Ipomoea hastigera Ipomoea hastigera Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 3: 111. 1819. MEXICO
Ipomoea humboldtiana Ipomoea humboldtiana Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 4: 789. 1819, nom. illegit.Ipomoea angularis Willdenow 1803. 
Ipomoea luteola Ipomoea luteola Jacquin, Collectanea 2: 266. 1789.  
Ipomoea phoenicea Ipomoea phoenicea Roxburgh ex Rottler, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 197. 1803. INDIA
Ipomoea sanguinea Ipomoea sanguinea Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 33. 1794. VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix: Without data, West s.n. (holotype: C).
Quamoclit angulata Quamoclit angulata (Lamarck) Bojer, Hortus Maurit. 224. 1837.Ipomoea angulata Lamarck 1793. 
Quamoclit brevipedicellata Quamoclit brevipedicellata Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 416. 1899. GUATEMALA
Quamoclit coccinea var. hederifolia Quamoclit coccinea (Linnaeus) Moench, var. hederifolia (Linnaeus) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 599. 1909.Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1753. 
Quamoclit coccinea var. luteola Quamoclit coccinea (Linnaeus) Moench, var. luteola (Jacquin) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 600. 1909.Ipomoea luteola Jacquin 1789. 
Quamoclit gracilis Quamoclit gracilis Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 416. 1899. MEXICO
Quamoclit hastigera Quamoclit hastigera (Kunth) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 259. 1837.Ipomoea hastigera Kunth 1819. 
Quamoclit hederifolia Quamoclit hederifolia (Linnaeus) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 259. 1837.Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 
Quamoclit russeliiflora Quamoclit russeliiflora M. Martens & Galeotti, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 12(2): 271. 1845.  
Quamoclit sanguinea Quamoclit sanguinea (Vahl) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4; 259. 1837.Ipomoea sanguinea Vahl 1794. 
Ipomoea coccinea var. hederifolia Ipomoea coccinea Linnaeus, var. hederifolia (Linnaeus) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 209. 1878.Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus 1759. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 1952

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00008735 Pike 09 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14228
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UNA00073071 Houston 21 Jul 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2537
UNA
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
TROY000003987 Dale 19 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15807
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
JSU128351 Baldwin 17 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12901
JSU
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AUA000040184 Houston 28 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP186
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
TROY000042659 Houston 18 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26477
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00020244 Lee 25 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#659
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
TROY000045701 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
250
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0007276 Henry 22 Oct 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
21093
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
JSU128352 Escambia 26 Sep 1985 Whetstone, R. David
15237
JSU
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000018216 Autauga 12 Oct 2002 Walker, Emily
10
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000003985 Covington 17 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15718
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000003958 Crenshaw 14 Oct 2004 Tuck, Shelley
50
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_53550 Pike 2 Sep 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9332
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
TROY000003984 Coffee 18 Sep 2002 Walters, Olivia
8
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AUA000042763 Covington 30 Sep 2011 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
SAMF0004470 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19829
SAMF
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_50961 Coffee 6 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6470
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
TROY000003988 Geneva 18 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15793
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00018914 Lee 25 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#659
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000018290 Barbour 11 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19987
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0007275 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19829
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
TROY000050617 Geneva 07 Nov 2015 Longbottom, Wayne D.
24005
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000003991 Pike 09 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14228
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UNA00038847 s.d. Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
TROY000003986 Dale 18 Jul 2000 Woods, Michael
8212
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65332 Dale 19 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15807
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
AMAL00017493 Dale 19 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15807
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
SAMF0004468 Covington 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4460
SAMF
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000003983 Coffee 16 Jul 1999 Martin, Brian H.
91
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0048063 Bullock 12 Sep 2017 Soehren, Eric C.
516
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
UWAL0043223 Baldwin 27 Jul 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
406
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
UNA00038833 Tuscaloosa 24 Sep 1952 Harper, Roland M.
4211
UNA
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
TROY000049821 Geneva 09 Sep 2016 Byrd, Cameron
92
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65553 Geneva 18 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15793
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
TROY000003957 Crenshaw 14 Oct 2004 Tuck, Shelley
51
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0039552 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
250
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000029683 Henry 22 Oct 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
21093
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00009559 Baldwin 24 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13629
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00012317 Crenshaw 09 Sep 2004 Hansen, Curtis J.
1642
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000018289 Crenshaw 03 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19695
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
TROY000003990 Montgomery 01 Aug 2004 Tuck, Shelley
41
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0013913 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1281
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00010596 Covington 17 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15718
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UNA00062207 Pike 09 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14228
UNA
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
AUA_ACC_65552 Covington 17 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15718
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
TROY000003989 Houston 15 Oct 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15956
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0012580 Baldwin 24 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13629
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00015633 Dale 06 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3132
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
SAMF0004469 Dale 19 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15807
SAMF
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00006467 Houston 08 Sep 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11581
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00010598 Geneva 18 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15793
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
ALNHS00001278 Lee 25 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#659
ALNHS
Ipomoea hederifolia L.
TROY000036239 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1281
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0012616 Covington 19 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13508
UWAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_72611 Baldwin 30 Oct 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-153
AUA
Ipomoea Hederifolia L.
TROY000033240 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Dykes, Bailee
92
TROY
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
JSU155680 Mobile 14 Jul 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#126
JSU
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00020140 Covington 19 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13508
AMAL
Ipomoea hederifolia Linnaeus
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