Lonicera fragrantissima

Family:CAPRIFOLIACEAE
Species:Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
Common Name:Christmas Honeysuckle; Sweet Breath of Spring
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Winter Honeysuckle is an introduced deciduous or semi-evergreen member of the Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae). It is native to China. Winter Honeysuckle can be found throughout Alabama in disturbed woodlands, around old home sites, and along fence rows. It is a deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub growing up to nine feet in height. The branches are often wide-spread and may root if they come into contact with the soil. The bark on older stems in tan and peels in shaggy strips. The stems are hollow. Leaves are opposite, ovate in outline, and entire. Flowers occur in the late winter and early spring. The flowers are tubular, two-lipped, white or yellowish in color, and highly fragrant. The flowers occur in pairs in the leaf axils. The fruit is a red drupe. Winter Honeysuckle was first introduced into the United States in the 1840’s. Until around 1940 it was a popular ornamental and widely planted. Its early and fragrant flowers gave it a second common name—Sweet Breath of Spring. Because of the plants gangly growth habit it has lost favor in today’s manicured landscapes. Winter Honeysuckle is listed as a Category 2 invasive species by the Alabama Invasive Plant Council. Birds readily feed on the fruit and deposit the seed over a wide area. It is still readily available from many nurseries, and can also be grown from cuttings. It is tolerant to poor soils and drought. Winter Honeysuckle was often planted near a door or garden gate where its fragrant flowers could be enjoyed by passers-by. Twigs with buds can be cut and brought into the house and placed into a vase of water where they will continue to flower.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCAPRIFOLIACEAE - Honeysuckle family
Genus Lonicera
Species Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton - Christmas Honeysuckle; Sweet Breath of Spring

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Xylosteon fragrantissimum    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dallas, Etowah, Geneva, Henry, Jackson, Lee, Madison, Marengo, Morgan, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1979 - 1979

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00073749 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4084
UNA
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
UWAL0002905 Conecuh 26 Feb 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21754
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
JSU116165 Madison 11 May 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8378
JSU
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
JSU116163 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1027
JSU
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0038855 Madison 08 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9479
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
AMAL00014278 Madison 18 Mar 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
19
AMAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
USAM000003439 Madison 18 Apr 1977 Auffenorde, Tom
s.n.
USAM
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
AUA000009793 Lee 1 May 1958 Bayard, G.Lee
AUA
Lonicera Fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
UNA00043992 Madison 03 Feb 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
11
UNA
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
TROY000003529 Crenshaw 11 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17317
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0019612 Barbour 25 Jan 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
25885
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
TROY000032808 Conecuh 26 Feb 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21754
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
JSU116164 Madison 1 May 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
241
JSU
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0002624 Morgan 28 Mar 2010 England, J. Kevin
2270
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0046072 Autauga 06 Feb 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1517
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
TROY000045020 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4084
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0031471 Morgan 12 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
5925
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
AMAL00009148 Morgan 28 Mar 2010 England, J. Kevin
2270
AMAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0008369 Geneva 01 Jan 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20487
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
TROY000039187 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23657
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
AUA000009794 Russell 15 Mar 2002 Gil, Glenda
2001-65
AUA
Lonicera Fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
TROY000048333 Autauga 06 Feb 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1517
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0008370 Sumter 28 Mar 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5696
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
UNA00043988 Tuscaloosa s.d. Wilson, William D.
s.n.
UNA
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
UNA00043986 Madison 10 Mar 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
20
UNA
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
AMAL00017713 Dallas 26 Feb 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
27
AMAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
TROY000041883 Barbour 25 Jan 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
25885
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
JSU116162 Etowah 1 Jun 1996 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4497
JSU
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
TROY000034362 Sumter 28 Mar 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5696
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UNA00043994 Tuscaloosa s.d. Deason, Temd R.
s.n.
UNA
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
AUA000043997 Madison 5 Mar 2020 Hansen, Curtis J.
7796
AUA
Lonicera Fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
AMAL00017392 Crenshaw 11 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17317
AMAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
TROY000020889 Geneva 01 Jan 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20487
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0008368 Crenshaw 11 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17317
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
UWAL0016223 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23657
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
UWAL0013397 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4084
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
TROY000034183 Morgan 28 Mar 2010 England, J. Kevin
2270
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UWAL0012414 Bullock 31 Jan 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1507
UWAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
AMAL00008585 Tuscaloosa 13 Feb 2000 England, J. Kevin
124
AMAL
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
UNA00066649 Crenshaw 11 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17317
UNA
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton
TROY000017518 Butler 18 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19266
TROY
Lonicera fragrantissima Lindley & Paxton
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