Andersonglossum virginianum

Family:BORAGINACEAE
Species:Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
Common Name:Wild Comfrey; Blue Hound's Tongue
Habitat:Rich hardwood forests and ravine slopes.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Wild Comfrey is a native herbaceous perennial in the Borage family (Boraginaceae). It is found primarily in north and west Alabama. Wild Comfrey occurs in hardwood forests, in ravines, and on slopes. It is a perennial with thick cord-like roots. Basal leaves are petiolate, elliptic to ovate in outline, and with entire margins. The leaves are softly pubescent. One or more flowering stems emerge from each basal rosette. Flowering stems have petiolate leaves near their base and reduced sessile leaves towards the middle of the stem. Flowers are produced in a leafless false raceme. The corolla has a short tube and 5 spreading lobes. The corolla is white or pale blue in color. The fruit is a mericarp with barbed bristles. Wild Comfrey has been used in herbal medicine as a substitute for Comfrey (Symphytum officinale L.). It should not be taken internally as it contains compounds that can cause liver damage. Based on DNA sequence data, James Cohen of Kettering University placed Wild Comfrey in a new genus distinct from Old World Cynoglossum species. The new name for the species is Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J. I. Cohen. (Adelinia and Andersonglossum (Boraginaceae), Two New Genera from New World Species of Cynoglossum: Systematic Botany (2015), 40(2): pp. 611–619).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G5T5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBORAGINACEAE - Borage family
Genus Andersonglossum
Species Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen - Wild Comfrey; Blue Hound's Tongue

Citation

Citation Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen, Syst. Bot. 40(2): 618. 2015.
Basionym: Cynoglossum virginianum L. 1753
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 257 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Selvi, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 802. 2004.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cynoglossum amplexicaule Cynoglossum amplexicaule Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 132. 1803.  
Cynoglossum lucidum Cynoglossum lucidum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 277. 1812, nom. illegit.Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus 1753. 
Myosotis virginiana Myosotis virginiana Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 131. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 111 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by E. F. Wells, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 803. 2004.
Cynoglossum virginianum Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 134. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 257 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Selvi, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 53: 802. 2004.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, Shelby, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU114521 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7963
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
SAMF0004414 Jackson 04 Jun 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3466
SAMF
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114537 Marshall 13 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8476
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00021667 Lowndes 16 Apr 2014 Brian R. Keener
8342
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC038846 Lowndes 7 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
385
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114534 Madison 25 Apr 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
216
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00066012 Lawrence 6 May 1999 Robert R. Haynes
9946
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC029807 Lawrence 13 APR 1974 JENKINS, J. D.
141
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA_ACC034940 Shelby 19 JUN 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1615
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UNA00058833 Henry 12 May 1999 R. Kral
88386
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
UWAL0015583 Lowndes 16 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8342
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
TROY000045757 Autauga 04 Apr 2016 Matthew R. Parker
540
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00039358 Tuscaloosa 1 Apr 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
JSU114524 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3497
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0007908 Jackson 15 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3475
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
AMAL00015432 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4371
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114527 Etowah 16 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1415
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00017809 Henry 25 Mar 2003 R. Kral
937
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0019455 Wilcox 07 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82023
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
JSU114536 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1404
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000017475 Fayette 20 May 2005 J. Kevin England
645
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU146245 Calhoun 13 Apr 1997 F. Hutchinson
2478
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC022059 Lee 1 MAY 1970 EVANS, R. W.
189
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
SAMF0004415 Jefferson 16 Apr 1965 Myers, Martha Crystal
s.n.
SAMF
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0035075 Marshall 29 Apr 2017 England, J. Kevin
7684
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
AUA_ACC062609 Monroe 18 APR 2003 COLEMAN, C. M.
70
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114542 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8082
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0036378 Marshall 12 Aug 2017 England, J. Kevin
8349
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
JSU114529 Jackson 1 May 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC029802 Lee 1 APR 1974 LANCASTER, D. S.
81
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA000039404 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
6295
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L. VAR. VIRGINIANUM
JSU114340 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1030
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00039362 Lawrence 9 May 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9095
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
TROY000016723 Wilcox 03 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4174
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC033018 Bibb 8 JUL 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
188
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UNA00057273 Madison 20 Apr 1973 Richard W. Simmers
s.n.
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
JSU114533 Madison 6 May 1973 Bob Gurley
s.n.
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000020569 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Robert Kral
96140
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00039367 Lawrence 3 May 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2027
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
UWAL0007910 Marengo 26 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1743
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
JSU114540 St. Clair 6 Apr 1956 Martha Terry
s.n.
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00015539 Wilcox 03 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4174
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC038847 Lowndes 7 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
385
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114530 Jackson 23 May 1975 S. D. Durham
452
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00039364 Lawrence 26 Apr 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6118
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC072981 Lauderdale 13 AUG 2009 HOLT, BRIAN D.
SC-151
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA_ACC044227 Conecuh 12 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2288
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UWAL0009866 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7012
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
UNA00039361 Morgan 17 Apr 1977 Nisa Miranda
51
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
UWAL0012021 Blount 11 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
0591
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
UWAL0007906 Fayette 20 May 2005 England, J. Kevin
0645
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
UNA00039371 Tuscaloosa 16 Apr 1986 Donna L. Wallace
32
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
UNA00039360 Coosa 15 Apr 1977 Denise Harvey
175
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC062607 Monroe 18 APR 2003 ROBERTS, COLLIN
27
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UNA00039365 Tuscaloosa 16 Apr 1977 Larry J. Ross
52
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
JSU114532 Limestone 1 Apr 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00342
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC065426 Lee 5 APR 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2090
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114525 Etowah 17 Apr 1968 Dan Bartling
s.n.
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0009751 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6962
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
TROY000040859 Washington 04 May 2012 Brian R. Keener
7192
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0011878 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7192
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
AUA_ACC042047 Monroe 20 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2162
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UWAL0046577 Autauga 04 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
540
UWAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114528 Franklin 28 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16415
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0045855 Cullman 05 Apr 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15159
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
UNA00039357 Winston 1 May 1880 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
UWAL0034921 Jackson 16 Apr 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-195
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
TROY000003225 Henry 25 Mar 2003 Robert Kral
93716
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114531 Jefferson 15 Jul 1985 J. P. Barber
1604
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114541 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
151
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
SAMF0004413 Monroe 03 Apr 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4619
SAMF
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0007904 Colbert 23 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5835
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
JSU114539 Marshall 13 Aug 1973 D. Miller
s.n.
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000016832 Etowah 17 Apr 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU146244 Calhoun 13 Apr 1997 F. Hutchinson
2478
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC026676 DeKalb 13 MAY 1972 FOLSOM, JAMES P.
256B
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AUA_ACC043388 Conecuh 20 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
441
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
UWAL0031556 Morgan 30 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
3036
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
UWAL0007907 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Kral, R.
96140
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
JSU114526 Etowah 23 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1195
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000034690 Butler 24 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22873
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0011713 Clarke 27 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7784
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
AMAL00005964 Etowah 23 Mar 1989 Daniel Spaulding
50
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UNA00039359 Autauga 16 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7732a
UNA
Cynoglossum virginianum L.
AUA_ACC037348 Clarke 20 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
87
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
AMAL00011329 Tallapoosa 27 Apr 2006 T. Wayne Barger
157
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0007905 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4371
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
TROY000040730 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Brian R. Keener
7738
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0012150 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7738
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
UWAL0007909 Lawrence 11 Apr 2003 England, J. Kevin
0395
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
TROY000048293 Lowndes 16 Apr 2019 Alvin R. Diamond
28863
TROY
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
JSU114538 Marshall 28 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4116
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000028682 Marengo 26 Mar 2009 J. Kevin England
1743
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
JSU114522 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3497
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0018074 Limestone 30 Apr 1987 Kral, R.
73782
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
UWAL0007911 Wilcox 03 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4174
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
JSU114523 DeKalb 15 Jun 1974 T. A. Atkinson
326
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00005963 Henry 12 May 1999 R. Kral
88386
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
TROY000017511 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4371
TROY
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC012874 Lee 17 MAR 1966 SMITH, DAVID M.
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
JSU114535 Marshall 2 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1530
JSU
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00020011 Monroe 06 Apr 2011 T. Wayne Barger
63
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
AMAL00018473 Lawrence 19 May 2006 J. Kevin England
647
AMAL
Cynoglossum virginianum Linnaeus
UWAL0032449 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6295
UWAL
Andersonglossum virginianum (L.) J.I. Cohen
AUA_ACC054569 Limestone 5 MAY 1979 ATCHLEY, CECIL G.
126
AUA
CYNOGLOSSUM VIRGINIANUM L.
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