Dryopteris ludoviciana

Family:DRYOPTERIDACEAE
Species:Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
Common Name:Florida Wood Fern; Southern Wood Fern; Louisiana Wood Fern
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes: Southern Wood Fern is an evergreen native perennial fern in the Wood Fern family (Dryopteridaceae). It occurs in the southeastern portion of Alabama. Southern Wood Fern grows in bald cypress swamps, around lime sinks and caves, and along small to medium streams. It is a perennial from a creeping rhizome. The leaves (fronds) are dimorphic (of two shapes). The fertile and sterile fronds differ in size and shape. The fertile fronds are more upright while the sterile ones tend to recline. The fertile ones can be up to three feet in length while the sterile ones are about half that size. The pinnae (divisions of the leaf) are narrower in the fertile fronds than in the sterile ones, and the overall outline of the fertile frond is narrower. The lower portion of the rachis (stalk of the leaf) is covered in papery scales. These scales are light brown in color. The related Log Fern (Dryopteris celsa (W. Palmer) Knowlton) occurs within the range of Southern Wood Fern. It differs in having scales on the rachis that are darker in color, the sterile and fertile leaves are not dimorphic, and it usually grows on drier sites. The hybrid between Southern Wood Fern and Log Fern is the sterile Dixie Wood Fern (Dryopteris Ă—australis (Wherry) Small). It is a very vigorous plant that can be identified by the aborted and malformed spores it produces. Southern Wood Fern is one of the parents of Log Fern (Dryopteris celsa (W. Palmer) Knowlton) and Crested Wood Fern (Dryopteris cristata (Linnaeus) A. Gray). Southern Wood Fern is available from some native plant nurseries. It requires moist organic soils. It does well in dense shade where few other plants will grow. --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyDRYOPTERIDACEAE - Wood Fern family
Genus Dryopteris
Species Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small - Florida Wood Fern; Southern Wood Fern; Louisiana Wood Fern

Citation

Citation DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (Kunze) Small, Ferns S.E. States 281. 1938.
Basionym: Aspidium ludovicianum Kunze 1848.
Type: LOUISIANA

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aspidium cristatum var. floridanum Aspidium cristatum (Linnaeus) Swartz, var. floridanum (Hooker) D. C. Eaton ex Mann, Cat. Phaen. Pl. U.S. 55. 1868.Nephrodium floridanum Hooker 1859. 
Aspidium floridanum Aspidium floridanum (Hooker) D. C. Eaton, in Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 595. 1860.Nephrodium floridanum Hooker 1859. 
Aspidium ludovicianum Aspidium ludovicianum Kunze, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 56: 84. 1848. LOUISIANA
Filix floridana Filix floridana (Hooker) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 18: 81. 1916.Nephrodium floridanum Hooker 1859. 
Lastrea floridana Lastrea floridana (Hooker) J. Smith, Ferns Brit. For., ed. 2. 306. 1877.Nephrodium floridanum Hooker 1859. 
Lastrea petiolata Lastrea petiolata Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 617. 1853.  
Nephrodium floridanum Nephrodium floridanum Hooker, Fil. Exot. pl. 99. 1859. FLORIDA: "East Florida", without data, 1843, Buckley s.n. (holotype: K).
Dryopteris floridana Dryopteris floridana (Hooker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 812. 1891.Nephrodium floridanum Hooker 1859. 
Filix-mas cristata var. floridana Filix-mas cristata (Linnaeus) Farwell, var. floridana (Hooker) Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 254. 1931.Nephrodium floridanum Hooker 1859. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Henry, Houston, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00053206 Houston 5 Apr 1953 J. C. O'Kelley
s.n.
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC052962 Houston 20 JAN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7212
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AMAL00012358 Houston 18 Oct 2011 T. Wayne Barger
SP345
AMAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC050621 Houston 12 JAN 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7873
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
UWAL0005370 Houston 01 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22021
UWAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
TROY000033640 Barbour 01 Oct 2011 Derek Morrison
130
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC050708 Dale 3 JUL 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6996
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
UNA00046130 Houston 28 Nov 1993 John R. MacDonald
6930
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC044881 Conecuh 16 DEC 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2969
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
TROY000032558 Houston 01 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22021
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
UWAL0001216 Pike 12 Nov 2008 Woods, Michael
10997
UWAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AMAL00007616 Houston 20 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62102
AMAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC051783 Crenshaw 8 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6699
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
TROY000000154 Conecuh 11 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13298
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC044880 Conecuh 15 DEC 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2963
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
UNA00048585 Houston 26 Jan 1993 John R. MacDonald
5841
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC051120 Crenshaw 25 NOV 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7189
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AUA_ACC031799 Conecuh 12 MAY 1977 SHORT, JOHN W.
904
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AMAL00016946 Pike 12 Nov 2008 Michael Woods
10997
AMAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC045113 Conecuh 7 MAR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3025
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AMAL00006371 Barbour 26 Sep 2006 A.R. Diamond
16939
AMAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
UNA00053205 Crenshaw 26 Aug 1954 Jesse S. White
s.n.
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC051161 Crenshaw 24 JAN 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8523
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AUA_ACC051913 Houston 12 JUN 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8665
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
UWAL0003111 Covington 01 Oct 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22621
UWAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
TROY000033632 Barbour 24 Sep 2011 Derek Morrison
116
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC055970 Conecuh 5 NOV 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10090
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AMAL00005363 Conecuh 11 Jun 2002 A.R. Diamond
13298
AMAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC052996 Houston 20 JAN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7211
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AMAL00004331 Houston 18 Jun 2013 T. Wayne Barger
SP#1059
AMAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC051865 Conecuh 1 JAN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7201
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
TROY000015835 Pike 12 Nov 2008 Michael Woods
10997
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
UNA00058994 Butler 11 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13299
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC048752 Henry 28 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5325
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
UNA00052716 Conecuh 6 Sep 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
s.n.
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC051854 Crenshaw 16 JAN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7205
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
TROY000000153 Coffee 04 Mar 2000 Brian H. Martin
469
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
TROY000033857 Covington 01 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22621
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
TROY000000155 Houston 20 Jun 1978 Robert Kral
62102
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
UWAL0034590 Conecuh 03 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84225
UWAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
TROY000000152 Butler 11 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13299
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
UNA00048595 Houston 13 Dec 1992 John R. MacDonald
5774
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC043467 Conecuh 25 MAY 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
766
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AUA_ACC053209 Barbour 13 FEB 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7885
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
UWAL0002785 Conecuh 05 Mar 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21674
UWAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
TROY000000151 Barbour 26 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16939
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC052420 Butler 6 FEB 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9010
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
AMAL00005362 Butler 11 Jun 2002 A.R. Diamond
13299
AMAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC057549 Houston 13 DEC 1994 MACDONALD, JOHN R.
5774
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
TROY000032060 Conecuh 05 Mar 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21764
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
TROY000030967 Conecuh 12 May 1977 Jack W. Short
904
TROY
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
AUA_ACC051853 Conecuh 16 JAN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7206
AUA
DRYOPTERIS LUDOVICIANA (KUNZE) SMALL
UNA00058995 Conecuh 11 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13298
UNA
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
JSU107261 Houston 23 Oct 1976 R. Kral
59440
JSU
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
UWAL0030629 Covington 15 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86922
UWAL
Dryopteris ludoviciana (Kunze) Small
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