Eragrostis cilianensis

Family:POACEAE
Species:Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
Common Name:Stink Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Eragrostis
Species Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati - Stink Grass

Citation

Citation ERAGROSTIS CILIANENSIS (Allioni) Vignolo-Lutati ex Janchen, Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Univ. Wien, ser. 2. 5: 110. 1907.
Basionym: Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785.
Type: ITALY: "Inveni in agro Ciliani", w.d., Bellardi s.n. (lectotype: TO). Lectotypified by Simon, Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsletter 37: 6-7. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Briza caroliniana Briza caroliniana Walter, Fl. Carol. 79. 1788.  
Briza eragrostis Briza eragrostis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 70. 1753. Without data, Herb. Burser 1: 10 (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by Clayton, in Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Gramineae 2: 232. 1974.
Briza oblonga Briza oblonga Moench, Methodus 185. 1794, nom. illegit.Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Briza purpurascens Briza purpurascens Muhlenberg, Descr. Gram. 154. 1817.  
Calosteca purpurascens Calosteca purpurascens (Muhlenberg) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 348. 1824 ("1825").Briza purpurascens Muhlenberg 1817. 
Eragrostis argentina Eragrostis argentina Jedwabnick, Bot. Arch. 5: 194. 1924. ARGENTINA
Eragrostis articulata Eragrostis articulata De Wildeman, Bull. Jard. Bot. Etat 6: 58, t. 2. 1919, non Nees von Esenbeck 1829. ZAIRE
Eragrostis cilianensis subsp. megastachya Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Vignolo-Lutati ex Janchen, subsp. megastachya (Koeler) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 175. 1953.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis cilianensis var. major Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Vignolo-Lutati ex Janchen, var. major (Rouy) Maire, in Jahandiez & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 935. 1941, nom. illegit.Eragrostis minor Host, subsp. major Rouy 1913; Eragrostis poaeoides Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, var. megastachya (Koeler) A. Gray 1856; Eragrostis major Host 1809, nom. illegit.; Eragrostis megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis costata Eragrostis costata F. Turner, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, ser. 2. 30: 91. 1905. AUSTRALIA: New South Wales:
Eragrostis eragrostis Eragrostis eragrostis (Linnaeus) MacMillan, Metasp. Minnesota Valley 75. 1892, nom. inadmiss. et non (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois 1812.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis eragrostis var. megastachya Eragrostis eragrostis (Linnaeus) MacMillan, var. megastachya (Koeler) Farwell, Rep. (Annual) Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 182. 1916.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis flexuosa Eragrostis flexuosa Steudel, Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 266. 1854, nom. illegit.Poa roxburghiana Schultes 1824; Poa flexuosa Roxburgh 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. 
Eragrostis leersioides Eragrostis leersioides (C. Presl) Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 103. 1842.Megastachya leersioides C. Presl 1820. 
Eragrostis major var. subbiloba Eragrostis major Host, var. subbiloba (Chiovenda) Chiovenda, Res. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli 1: 187. 1916.Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. subbiloba Chiovenda 1908. 
Eragrostis minor var. major Eragrostis minor Host, var. major Beck, Fl. Nieder-Oesterreich 88. 1890, nom. illegit.Eragrostis poaeoides Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, var. megastachya (Koeler) Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre 1845; Eragrostis major Host 1809, nom. illegit.; Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis minor var. megastachya Eragrostis minor Host, var. megastachya (Koeler) Burtt-Davy, in Jepson, Fl. W. Calif. 6. 1901.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis minor subsp. major Eragrostis minor Host, subsp. major Rouy, Fl. France 14: 262. 1913.Eragrostis major Host 1809, nom. illegit.; Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis multiflora Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, Fl. Brandenburg 1: 841. 1864, non Trinius 1830.Poa multiflora Forsskål 1775. 
Eragrostis multiflora var. cilianensis Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskal) Ascherson, var. cilianensis (Allioni) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 269. 1939.Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785. 
Eragrostis multiflora var. glandulifera Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. glandulifera Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 370. 1908. ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Assaorta, s.d., Pappi 2611 (holotype: FI).
Eragrostis multiflora var. insularis Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. insularis Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 65. 1903. ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Dahlak Archipelago, s.d., Terracciano 778 (holotype: FI).
Eragrostis multiflora var. subbiloba Eragrostis multiflora (Forsskål) Ascherson, var. subbiloba Chiovenda, Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 370. 1908. ETHIOPIA
Eragrostis pappii Eragrostis pappii Gandoger, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 299. 1920. ETHIOPIA: Eritrea: Beni Amer, s.d., Pappi 5964 (holotype: LY).
Eragrostis poaeoides var. megastachya Eragrostis poaeoides Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, var. megastachya (Koeler) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 563. 1856.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis polymorpha Eragrostis polymorpha Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 575. 1817.Poa polymorpha Koenig ex Rottler 1803, non Wibel 1799. 
Eragrostis polysperma Eragrostis polysperma Peter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 40(1, Anh.): 112. 1929. TANZANIA: Masai Distr.: Munge Lemunge) to Ngorongoro, s.d., Peter 43114 (holotype: B(destroyed)).
Eragrostis triticea Eragrostis triticea (C. Presl) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 564. 1840.Megastachya triticea C. Presl 1820. 
Eragrostis virletii Eragrostis virletii E. Fournier, Mexic. Pl. 2: 116. 1886. MEXICO: San Luis Potosí:
Eragrostis vulgaris subsp. megastachya Eragrostis vulgaris Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, subsp. megastachya (Koeler) Douin, Fl. Ill. France 12: 32. 1934.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753.  
Eragrostis vulgaris var. megastachya Eragrostis vulgaris Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, var. megastachya (Koeler) Cosson & Germain de Saint-Pierre, Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris 641. 1845.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis megastachya var. cilianensis Eragrostis megastachya (Koeler) Link, var. cilianenensis (Allioni) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 371. 1900.Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785. 
Eragrostis schweinfurthiana Eragrostis schweinfurthiana Jedwabnick, Bot. Arch. 5: 194. 1924.  
Eragrostis starosselskyi Eragrostis starosselskyi Grossheim, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada RSFSR 4: 18. 1923. U.S.S.R.
Erosion ciliare Erosion ciliare Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 221. 1915, nom. illegit.Poa cilianensis Allioni 1785. 
Megastachya obtusa Megastachya obtusa Schultes, Mant. 2: 326. 1824, nom. illegit.Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall 1818; Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Megastachya triticea Megastachya triticea C. Presl, Cyper. Gramin. Sicul. 45. 1820. ITALY: Sicily
Megastachya eragrostis Megastachya eragrostis (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 575, 584. 1817.Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Megastachya leersioides Megastachya leersioides C. Presl, Cyper. Gramin. Sicul. 44. 1820. ITALY: Sicily:
Megastachya oblonga Megastachya oblonga Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 74, 167, 175. 1812, nom. illegit.Briza oblonga Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Megastachya purpurascens Megastachya purpurascens (Muhlenberg) Schultes, Mant. 2: 326. 1824.Briza purpurascens Muhlenberg 1817. 
Poa cachetica Poa cachetica Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl. 66. 1827. GHANA: Without data, Thonning s.n. (holotype: C).
Poa cilianensis Poa cilianensis Allioni, Fl. Pedem. 2: 246. 1785. ITALY: "Inveni in agro Ciliani", w.d., Bellardi s.n. (lectotype: TO). Lectotypified by Simon, Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsletter 37: 6-7. 1983.
Poa eragrostis Poa eragrostis (Linnaeus) Brotero, Fl. Lusit. 1: 103. 1804, non Linnaeus 1753.Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa flexuosa Poa flexuosa Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 1: 340. 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. INDIA
Poa leersioides Poa leersioides (C. Presl) Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 98. 1827.Megastachya leersioides C. Presl 1820. 
Poa megastachya Poa megastachya Koeler, Descr. Gram. 181. 1802.Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa multiflora Poa multiflora Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 21. 1775.  
Poa nuttallii Poa nuttallii Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 344. 1824 ("1825"), nom. illegit.Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall 1818; Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Poa oblonga Poa oblonga Baumgarten, Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3, 238. 1816, nom. illegit.Briza oblonga Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Poa obtusa Poa obtusa Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 67. 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. PENNSYLVANIA: Philadelphia Co.: Philadelphia,
Poa pennsylvanica Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: errata. May 1818.Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Poa philadelphica Poa philadelphica W. P. C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 1: 62. Aug 1818, nom. illegit.Poa pennsylvanica Nuttall 1818; Poa obtusa Nuttall 1818, non Muhlenberg 1817. 
Poa polymorpha Poa polymorpha Koenig ex Rottler, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 194. 1803, non Wibel 1799. INDIA: "nach Madras", without data, Rottler s.n. (holotype: B-W).
Poa roxburghiana Poa roxburghiana Schultes, Mant. 2: 314. 1824.Poa flexuosa Roxburgh 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. 
Poa tortuosa Poa tortuosa Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 345. 1824 ("1825"), nom. illegit.Poa roxburghiana Schultes 1824; Poa flexuosa Roxburgh 1820, non Smith 1800, nec Schleicher ex Gaudin 1808. 
Poa triticea Poa triticea (C. Presl) Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 98. 1827.Megastachya triticea C. Presl 1820. 
Eragrostis major Eragrostis major Host, Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: 14. 1809, nom. illegit.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eragrostis megastachya Eragrostis megastachya (Koeler) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 187. 1827.Poa megastachya Koeler 1802; Briza eragrostis Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Crenshaw, Dallas, Elmore, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000026787 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18146
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
AUA000017187 Autauga 10 Jul 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10394
AUA
Eragrostis Cilianensis (All.) Vign. Ex Janchen
UNA00004099 Montgomery _ Aug 1949 Viccars, Marion
s.n.
UNA
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Lut. ex Janchen
AUA000017191 Lee 29 Sep 1971 Boone, Allison
056
AUA
Eragrostis Cilianensis (All.) Vign. Ex Janchen
JSU101519 Marshall 30 Jul 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2447
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
ALNHS00001635 Dallas 06 Jul 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-361
ALNHS
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign.
TROY000039030 Butler 25 Aug 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20903
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UNA00004017 Choctaw _ Aug 1858 Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Lut. ex Janchen
TROY000045989 Autauga 26 Nov 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
28015
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UNA00059323 Jefferson 25 Jul 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11473
UNA
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Lut. ex Janchen
TROY000043326 Montgomery 31 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25491
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
TROY000027200 Jefferson 25 Jul 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11473
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UWAL0011182 Marengo 11 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3644
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UNA00004022 Blount _ Jul 1883 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Lut. ex Janchen
AUA000017188 Calhoun 18 Sep 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12052
AUA
Eragrostis Cilianensis (All.) Vign. Ex Janchen
TROY000039749 Marengo 24 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3082
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
AUA000017192 Lee 16 Jul 1969 Weaver, Jimmy
76
AUA
Eragrostis Cilianensis (All.) Vign. Ex Janchen
UWAL0007975 Marengo 24 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3082
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
JSU101515 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 Higginbotham, Jerri W.
209
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
AUA000017189 Choctaw 15 Jul 1995 Crouch, Virginia E.
1437
AUA
Eragrostis Cilianensis (All.) Vign. Ex Janchen
TROY000037336 Crenshaw 21 Jun 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2278
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UWAL0033167 Montgomery 31 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25491
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
TROY000027199 Calhoun 18 Sep 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12052
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UWAL0051760 Cherokee 22 Aug 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15617
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign. ex Janchen
JSU101514 Calhoun 01 Sep 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2711
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
TROY000036316 Dallas 04 Feb 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6839
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UWAL0051751 Franklin 08 Sep 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15674
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign. ex Janchen
JSU101518 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
820
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
AUA000017190 Elmore 5 Aug 1969 Rebois, R.V.
149
AUA
Eragrostis Cilianensis (All.) Vign. Ex Janchen
JSU101520 Marshall 02 Oct 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3179
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UWAL0030418 Bibb 09 Aug 1992 Kral, Robert
81290
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Janchen
JSU101517 Jackson 13 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1231
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
JSU101516 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18839
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UNA00004032 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Lut. ex Janchen
TROY000038097 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1658
TROY
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UNA00063098 Calhoun 18 Sep 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12052
UNA
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Lut. ex Janchen
UWAL0016215 Butler 25 Aug 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20903
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UWAL0051713 Tuscaloosa 12 Oct 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15777
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign. ex Janchen
JSU101521 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18483
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UNA00054312 Blount 11 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1167
UNA
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Lut. ex Janchen
JSU101513 Baldwin 09 Jul 2000 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10777
JSU
Eragrostis cilianensis (Allioni) Lutati
UWAL0010386 Dallas 04 Feb 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6839
UWAL
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign. ex Janchen
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