Lilium michauxii

Family:LILIACEAE
Species:Lilium michauxii Poiret
Common Name:Carolina Lily; Michaux's Lily
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LIMI
Plant Notes:Michaux's Lily is a native herbaceous perennial in the Lily family (Liliaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Michaux's Lily occurs in rich hardwood forests, on rocky slopes, in mixed pine/hardwood forests, and on roadside banks. It is a perennial from a bulb. The bulb is composed of overlapping scales. Each bulb produces a single upright unbranched stem to 3 feet in height. The stem is green in color. Leaves occur in 2-4 whorls along the stem. The leaves are oblanceolate to obovate in outline, glabrous, fleshy, with entire, often undulate margins. The leaves are noticeably paler on the lower surface. Flowers are terminal and solitary or rarely in 2-4 flowered umbels. Each flower has 6 strongly recurved orange-red tepals that are spotted with dark maroon. This is the only native lily in our area with fragrant flowers. The fruit is a capsule. Michaux's Lily is the most common and widespread of our native Lily species. Plants often fail to flower in dense shade. Michaux's Lily is heavily browsed by White-tailed deer. Swallowtail butterflies are the main pollinator for this species. Michaux's Lily is sometimes available from wildflower nurseries. It prefers a well-draining soil with partial sun. Plants must be protected from deer, rabbits, and voles.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLILIACEAE - Lily family
Genus Lilium
Species Lilium michauxii Poiret - Carolina Lily; Michaux's Lily

Citation

Citation LILIUM MICHAUXII Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 3: 457. 1814.
Basionym: Lilium carolinianum Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1792.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by W. P. Adams & Dress, Baileya 21: 182. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lilium autumnale Lilium autumnale Loddiges, Bot. Cab. 4: 355. 1823.    
Lilium canadense var. carolinianum Lilium canadense Linnaeus, var. carolinianum (Chapman) Baker, Gard. Chron. 1871: 1165. 1871.Lilium superbum Linnaeus, var. carolinianum Chapman 1860; Lilium carolinianum Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1792. 
Lilium fortunofulgidum Lilium fortunofulgidum Roane & M. K. Henry, Quart. Bull. N. Amer. Lily Soc. 34(1): 29. 1980.  
Lilium michauxianum Lilium michauxianum Schultes & Schultes f., in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 404. 1829, nom. illegit.Lilium michauxii Poiret 1814; Lilium carolinianum Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1792. 
Lilium superbum var. carolinianum Lilium superbum Linnaeus, var. carolinianum Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 484. 1860.Lilium carolinianum Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1792. 
Lilium carolinianum Lilium carolinianum Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 197. 1803, non Lamarck 1792. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P). Lecto- typified by Adams & Dress, Baileya 21: 182. 1982.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dallas, Etowah, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Macon, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1957 - 1966

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000038111 Bullock 12 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1686
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0004720 St. Clair 04 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3804
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poir.
JSU142731 Randolph 14 Aug 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
2644
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
SAMF0000688 Jefferson 20 Jul 1948 McCullough, Herbert A.
s.n.
SAMF
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0004719 Cullman 15 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4771
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poir.
JSU102409 Marshall 21 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15290
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_358 Lee 16 Aug 1960 Roberts, D.R.
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_63587 Pickens 30 Jul 1980 Freeman, John D.
43
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_17365 Tallapoosa 31 Jul 1969 Thornhill, Randy
158
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
JSU102279 Cleburne 02 Aug 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
399
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_34033 Shelby 23 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1382
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
TROY000026319 Pickens 30 Jul 1980 Dalrymple, Larry
43
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0004718 Blount 10 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4738
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_30496 St. Clair 4 Aug 1977 Owsley, M.
500
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AMAL00019088 Calhoun 18 Jul 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
4131
AMAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0004721 Sumter 18 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1175
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poir.
TROY000026316 Cleburne 11 Aug 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11525
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
JSU102280 Cleburne 26 Mar 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
537
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0047429 Choctaw 28 Jul 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10794
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poir.
UNA00054604 Blount 14 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1460
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
JSU102406 Jackson 04 Jun 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1965
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_49361 Henry 28 Jul 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5327
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
JSU102408 Marshall 14 Aug 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2669
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AMAL00001155 Cleburne 11 Aug 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11525
AMAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0036177 Chilton 30 Jul 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8103
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
TROY000026317 Coosa 06 Aug 2002 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1554
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
JSU102277 Calhoun 30 Jun 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
258
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
TROY000028190 Blount 10 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4738
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
ALNHS00001307 Cleburne 18 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#626
ALNHS
Lilium michauxii Poir.
UNA00007471 Cullman _ Jul 1880 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
TROY000048852 Autauga 06 Aug 2019 Parker, Matthew R.
1872
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UNA00007476 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Williams, Norris H.
400
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_34188 Bibb 11 Aug 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1810
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
UWAL0014051 Bullock 12 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1686
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
JSU102402 Cleburne 08 Aug 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
823
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AMAL00001156 Coosa 06 Aug 2002 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1554
AMAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_17376 Lee 6 Aug 1969 Floyd, Jr., John A.
190
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_59500 Pike 1999 Martin, Brian
107
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AUA000041240 Covington 26 Jul 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5682
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
SAMF0001371 Jefferson 18 Jul 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5258
SAMF
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UNA00007466 Chilton _ Aug _ Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_55015 Crenshaw 31 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9748
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
UNA00007456 Tuscaloosa 01 Jul 1957 Thomas, Joab L.
s.n.
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
JSU102403 Cleburne 08 Aug 1983 Bussey, Melanie G.
818
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_47458 Tallapoosa 8 Aug 1976 Everest, John W.
194
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AMAL00007573 Cleburne 04 Aug 1978 Kral, Robert
62411
AMAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_13072 Tallapoosa 31 Jul 1966 Johnson, W.C.
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
ALNHS00000793 Dallas 25 Jul 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-524
ALNHS
Lilium michauxii Poir.
AMAL00019519 Cullman 15 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4771
AMAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0036113 Choctaw 18 Jul 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9022
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
JSU102278 Cherokee 28 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5286
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
TROY000028721 Cullman 15 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4771
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
TROY000044082 Butler 10 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24437
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0036823 Clay 04 Aug 2017 Keener, Brian R.
10326
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
JSU142849 Shelby 07 Aug 1997 Morrow, D. Keener
81
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_17364 Tallapoosa 9 Aug 1969 Weaver, Jimmy
213
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AUA000043217 Cullman 2 Aug 1934 Germain, G.
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
JSU102405 Etowah 28 Jul 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2908
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
JSU102404 Cleburne 28 Jul 1974 Summerour, Charles W., III
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_43378 Monroe 3 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1398
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
UNA00007461 Mobile s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_13936 Macon 10 Aug 1967 Eichlin, Thomas D.
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
AUA_ACC_53682 Pike 13 Aug 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9300
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
UNA00067104 St. Clair 4 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3804
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
TROY000026320 Randolph 17 Aug 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
4203
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
TROY000011190 Pike 05 May 1999 Martin, Brian H.
107
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UWAL0015760 Coosa 01 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24442
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_12993 Lee 28 Jul 1967 Koelling, Alfred C.
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
UWAL0014139 Butler 10 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24437
UWAL
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA_ACC_6107 Coosa 31 Jul 1898 Andrews, Elizabeth F.
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
TROY000026318 Etowah 03 Jul 2002 Kral, Robert
92821
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
UNA00059447 Coosa 6 Aug 2002 Threlkeld, S.J.
1554
UNA
Lilium michauxii Poir.
TROY000038671 Bullock 06 Jun 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1651
TROY
Lilium michauxii Poiret
AUA000043723 Lee 24 Apr 2019 Schotz, Alfred
CSP-628
AUA
Lilium Michauxii Poir.
JSU102401 Cleburne 05 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11882
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
JSU102407 Marshall 06 Jul 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4175a
JSU
Lilium michauxii Poiret
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