Iris cristata

Family:IRIDACEAE
Species:Iris cristata Aiton
Common Name:Dwarf Crested Iris; Crested Dwarf Iris
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Dwarf Crested Iris is a native herbaceous perennial in the Iris family (Iridaceae). It can be found primarily in north Alabama. Dwarf Crested Iris occurs in rich woods, along streams, in ravines, and on bluffs. It usually occurs on sites with calcareous soils. Dwarf Crested Iris is a perennial with a long, thin, cord-like rhizome. Leaves are clustered at the apex of the rhizome. The leaves are evergreen to semi-evergreen, crowed into a “fan”, ensiform (sword shaped) in outline, glabrous, and with entire margins. Flowers are produced in 1-2 flowered inflorescences. They are subtended by 2 inflated leaf-like spathes. The outer spathe is shorter than the inner. Flowers have 3 sepals and 3 petals that are blue, lilac, or white in color. The 3 sepals arch outward. The sepals have an orange-yellow crested ridge down the center surrounded by white and purple. There are 3 spreading petals. The fruit is a capsule. Dwarf Crested Iris is often available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a well-draining soil in full sun to part shade. Once established Dwarf Crested Iris spreads rapidly. It can be used as a low ground cover or naturalized in a wooded area.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyIRIDACEAE - Iris family
Genus Iris
Species Iris cristata Aiton - Dwarf Crested Iris; Crested Dwarf Iris

Citation

Citation Iris cristata Solander ex Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 70. 1789.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Neubeckia cristata  Iris cristata Solander ex Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 70. 1789. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Coosa, Cullman, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, Pickens, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1940 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00041891 Clay 02 Apr 1998 Haynes, Robert R.
9656
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0045973 Fayette 15 Apr 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15204
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008111 DeKalb 16 Apr 1965 Zoellner, David
22
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
ALNHS00001772 Coosa 30 Apr 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#936
ALNHS
Iris cristata Ait.
AMAL00019696 Lauderdale 27 Apr 2010 Holt, Brian D.
309
AMAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008161 Tuscaloosa 15 Apr 1962 Gibbons, Whit
75
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116358 Clay 20 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1420
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA_ACC_58715 Clay 12 Apr 1981 Causey, Ann S.
2113
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UNA00065370 Winston 17 Apr 2005 England, J. Kevin
343
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116363 DeKalb 27 Apr 1969 Payne, Jan E.
s.n.
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA000043305 Cullman 18 Apr 1910 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UNA00009236 Randolph 22 Apr 1988 Nixon, C.F.
3686
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
AMAL00011298 Tallapoosa 18 Apr 2006 Barger, T. Wayne
92
AMAL
Iris cristata Aiton
SAMF0006913 Shelby 04 Apr 2019 Johnson, Claire
24
SAMF
Iris cristata Aiton
JSU116372 Lauderdale 6 Apr 1967 Holladay, Sonja
13
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00059228 Tuscaloosa 1 Apr 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0033891 Fayette 30 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9424
UWAL
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA_ACC_33533 Bibb 12 Apr 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
934
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
JSU116353 Calhoun 24 Apr 1996 Hruska, Susan E.
997
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UWAL0019073 Franklin 14 Apr 1998 Kral, Robert
87280
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00054141 Blount 11 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
576
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116356 Calhoun 13 Apr 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
137
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UWAL0037059 Wilcox 05 Apr 2018 Lawler, Tommy
s.n.
UWAL
Iris cristata Aiton
AMAL00000918 Colbert 15 Apr 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8774
AMAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0004559 Blount 20 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4257
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116377 Marshall 10 Apr 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3463
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008186 Tuscaloosa s.d. Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0045871 Morgan 08 Apr 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15175
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
AUA_ACC_33542 Bibb 14 Apr 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
959
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
JSU144060 Calhoun 10 Apr 1993 Hutchinson, Francine
1311
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UWAL0037236 Coosa 20 May 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14638
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008116 Jackson 09 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
468
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116375 Madison 24 Apr 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
205
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
JSU116364 Elmore 8 Apr 1973 Campbell, Benny
83
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008111 DeKalb 16 Apr 1965 Zoellner, David
22
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116373 Limestone 1 Apr 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
381
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008106 St. Clair 10 Apr 1977 Bradshaw, Dwight K.
94
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116361 Cleburne 25 Apr 1981 Whetstone, R. David
10531
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AMAL00000919 Cullman 07 May 2000 Kral, Robert
89,527
AMAL
Iris cristata Aiton
JSU116369 Jackson 14 Apr 1973 Kral, Robert
49583
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA_ACC_30934 Lawrence 13 Apr 1974 Jenkins, J.D.
131
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UNA00009237 Clay 20 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1420
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
AUA000042063 Colbert 23 Apr 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH339
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
ALNHS00002643 Colbert 23 Apr 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-339
ALNHS
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00023829 Lawrence 26 Jun 1989 Harding, Dennis
s.n.
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116368 Jackson 19 Apr 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1709
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008025 Walker 22 Apr 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1044
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0004563 Lawrence 12 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1902
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008101 Tuscaloosa 01 Apr 1975 Frye, Susan Ulmer
96
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116367 Fayette 18 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9363
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008059 Tuscaloosa _ Apr 1964 Clapper, Jerry A.
27
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00009237 Clay 20 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1420
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
TROY000034436 Colbert 23 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5854
TROY
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0004561 Cullman 15 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3508
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116376 Marshall 16 Apr 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
5443
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008151 Bibb 11 Apr 1979 Wiersema, John H.
534
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008146 Tuscaloosa 12 Apr 1966 Mettee, Maurice F.
36
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116357 Cherokee 19 Apr 1969 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AMAL00019633 Monroe 06 Apr 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
93
AMAL
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116370 Jackson 8 Apr 1973 Cook, David
s.n.
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
JSU116360 Clay 11 Apr 1980 Whetstone, R. David
9800
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
JSU116374 Limestone 1 Mar 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
341
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008156 DeKalb 11 May 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9155
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
AUA_ACC_30935 Lawrence 13 Apr 1974 Lancaster, D.S.
201
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UWAL0052953 Bibb 11 Jun 2019 Keener, Brian R.
11376
UWAL
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA_ACC_14243 DeKalb 30 Apr 1966 Searcy, James W.
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UNA00008106 St. Clair 10 Apr 1977 Bradshaw, Dwight K.
94
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0004562 Jackson 12 Apr 1981 Kral, Robert
66876
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008141 Tuscaloosa 13 Apr 1940 Harper, Roland M.
3770
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116355 Calhoun 13 Apr 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
137
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008166 Pickens 09 Apr 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
18
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0004560 Colbert 23 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5854
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008161 Tuscaloosa 15 Apr 1962 Gibbons, Whit
75
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116366 Fayette 18 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9386
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UNA00008101 Tuscaloosa 1 Apr 1975 Frye, Susan Ulmer
96
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008136 Winston 30 Apr 1966 Owings, Tom
62
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
AMAL00000917 Blount 11 Apr 1998 Keener, Brian R.
576
AMAL
Iris cristata Ait.
UWAL0015598 Clay 18 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8362
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116365 Etowah 16 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1182
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA_ACC_58681 Etowah 15 Apr 1967 Freeman, John D.
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UNA00008146 Tuscaloosa 12 Apr 1966 Mettee, Maurice F.
36
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008131 Madison 20 Apr 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
100
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
UNA00008171 Tuscaloosa 22 Apr 1985 Burckhalter, Robert
349
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116359 Clay 10 Apr 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1637
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
UWAL0034920 Jackson 16 Apr 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-200
UWAL
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116362 Cleburne 12 Apr 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
USAM000007397 Cullman 28 Apr 1976 Jones, Franklin D.
s.n.
USAM
Iris cristata Aiton
JSU116371 Jefferson 11 May 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1454
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA_ACC_30936 Elmore 31 Mar 1974 Hutto, T.A.
132
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UNA00009236 Randolph 22 Apr 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
3686
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
JSU116354 Calhoun 16 Apr 1970 Sims, Janet D.
s.n.
JSU
Iris cristata Aiton
AUA000043306 Cullman 19 Apr 1911 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Iris Cristata Ait.
UNA00008136 Winston 30 Apr 1966 Owings, Tom
62
UNA
Iris cristata Ait.
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