Viola lanceolata var. lanceolata

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola lanceolata Linnaeus var. lanceolata
Common Name:Bog White Violet; Lance Leaf Violet
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VILA4
Plant Notes:Bog White Violet is a native herbaceous perennial in the Violet family (Violaceae). It can be found primarily in the southern half of the state. Bog White Violet occurs in open, wet areas such as pitcher plant bogs, roadside ditches, wet pastures, along streams, and in low woods. It is a perennial from a slender, fleshy rhizome. Plants are colonial from thin stolons. Leaves form a rosette. The leaves are petiolate, erect, lanceolate to linear in outline, glabrous or slightly pubescent, and with crenate to nearly entire margins. Flowers are solitary on long peduncles. The flowers are white with 5 petals. The lowest 3 petals are often purple veined. The fruit is a capsule. Two varieties are sometimes recognized based on leaf width: Viola lanceolata Linnaeus var. lanceolata and Viola lanceolata L. var. vittata (Greene) Weath. & Griscom. Variety lanceolata has leaves < 8× as long as wide, while variety vittata has leaves > 10× as long as wide). Bog White Violet is a larval food plant for the Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia), and Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) butterflies.—A. Diamond.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVIOLACEAE - Violet family
Genus Viola
Species Viola lanceolata Linnaeus var. lanceolata - Bog White Violet; Lance Leaf Violet

Citation

Citation Viola lanceolata Linnaeus, var. lanceolata, Sp. Pl. 2: 934. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: CANADA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1052.6). Lectotypified by N. H. Russell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 54: 484. 1955.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Viola denticulosa Viola denticulosa Pollard, in R. M. Harper, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 475. 1901. GEORGIA: Coffee Co.: Near Douglas, 26 Sep 1900, Harper 724 (holotype: US).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Calhoun, Conecuh, Covington, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Marshall, Mobile, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1862 - 1994

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000015246 Mobile 12 May 1971 LeLong, Michel G.
5695
USAM
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
USAM000015245 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7511
USAM
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_39668 Covington 23 Nov 1972 Kelley, B.L.
176
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
JSU137378 Baldwin 28 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1232
JSU
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
TROY000024442 Geneva 03 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18869
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_45628 Escambia 9 May 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3219
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
UWAL0038445 Mobile 06 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7560
UWAL
Viola lanceolata L.
UWAL0016620 Baldwin 27 Mar 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13706
UWAL
Viola lanceolata L. var. lanceolata
TROY000032743 Bullock 24 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21819
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
JSU137381 Marshall 09 May 1977 Kral, Robert
59923
JSU
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
UNA00011301 Geneva 20 Apr 1960 Hardwick, Joy
71
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
UNA00023537 Mobile 19 Mar 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9444
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
AUA_ACC_40699 Mobile 2 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41023
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
AUA_ACC_53013 Bullock 22 Apr 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5849
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
UWAL0016714 Covington 03 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24924
UWAL
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
UNA00011306 Mobile 20 Mar 1862 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
UNA00011331 Calhoun 09 May 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7146
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
AUA_ACC_46549 Covington 1 Apr 1978 Lamb, Trip
22
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
AUA_ACC_48832 Escambia 23 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4571
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
TROY000009696 Mobile 19 Mar 1994 Mann, Carroll J.
42
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
UWAL0030658 Covington 09 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23551
UWAL
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
TROY000045213 Geneva 23 Mar 2017 Byrd, Cameron
864
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
TROY000009695 Baldwin 23 Mar 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16204
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
UWAL0012424 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
511
UWAL
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
TROY000043473 Covington 09 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23551
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
JSU137383 Mobile 02 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41023
JSU
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
UNA00011336 Baldwin 18 Apr 1952 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
UNA00011341 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
972
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
SAMF0002928 Baldwin 27 Apr 2014 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5599
SAMF
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
ALNHS00004775 Washington 20 Apr 2017 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2960
ALNHS
Viola lanceolata L.
AUA_ACC_42131 Escambia 12 Apr 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2306
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
JSU137379 Elmore 31 Mar 1983 Whetstone, R. David
12987
JSU
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
AUA000037956 Covington 3 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5482
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
SAMF0006829 Mobile 13 Apr 2019 Hatcher, Joy
30
SAMF
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus var. lanceolata
UNA00011301 Geneva 20 Apr 1960 Hardwick, Joy
71
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
UNA00011326 Mobile 28 Apr 1956 Patton, E.G.
s.n.
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
JSU137382 Mobile 29 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1225
JSU
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_51945 Conecuh 24 Apr 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8584
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
AUA_ACC_67654 Wilcox 20 Mar 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3260
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
UWAL0033938 Escambia 23 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9535
UWAL
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus var. lanceolata
AUA_ACC_34992 Covington 16 Apr 1979 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Viola Lanceolata L.
UWAL0002882 Bullock 24 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21819
UWAL
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
UNA00011321 Mobile 21 Mar 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
D3
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
UNA00011326 Mobile 28 Apr 1956 Patton, E.G.
s.n.
UNA
Viola lanceolata L.
TROY000009694 Baldwin 23 Mar 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16197
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
JSU137380 Elmore 31 Mar 1983 Whetstone, R. David
12945
JSU
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
TROY000039289 Covington 03 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24924
TROY
Viola lanceolata Linnaeus
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