Lamium purpureum

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
Common Name:Purple Dead Nettle; Red Henbit
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LAPU2
Plant Notes:Purple Dead Nettle is an introduced cool-season annual in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It is native to Asia and Europe. In Alabama it can be found primarily in the northern half of the state. Purple Dead Nettle grows on roadsides, in lawns, in cemeteries, and in other open, disturbed sites. It is an annual germinating in the autumn. Stems are unbranched or branched from near the base. The stems are green in color, 4-angled, glabrous, and 3-12 inches in height. Leaves are petiolate, opposite, cordate to deltoid in outline, pubescent, and with crenate margins. The upper-most leaves are often tinged with purple, especially on plants growing in full sun. Flowers are produced in a thyrse from the axils of the upper leaves. Individual flowers have a 5-lobed calyx, each lobe having a slender tooth. The corolla is 2-lipped with the lower lip having two lobes and the upper lip being hood-like. The corolla is pinkish-purple in color with darker purple spots on the lobes of the lower lip. The fruit is a mericarp. The common name 'Dead Nettle' refers to the similar appearance of this species to Stinging Nettles in the genus Urtica. Since this species lacks stinging hairs, it is “dead”.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Lamium
Species Lamium purpureum Linnaeus - Purple Dead Nettle; Red Henbit

Citation

Citation LAMIUM PURPUREUM Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 579. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 733.11). Lectotypified by Mennema, in Rechinger, Fl. Iran. 150: 579. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1965 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC038540 Cherokee 16 APR 1972 HALE, A. R.
067
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
JSU126129 Madison 6 Apr 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
1263
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC002092 Lee 12 APR 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
JSU126128 Madison 13 Mar 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
116
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC004095 Lee 1 APR 1951 EARL B. MINTON
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UNA00040192 Calhoun 02 Apr 1965 Shull, J. Kenneth
34
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000039485 Elmore 03 Mar 2012 Pullen, Robert
324
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000020680 Clay 01 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4041
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC028732 Tallapoosa 6 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2045
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
JSU126122 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1356
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000042747 Franklin 18 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4094
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0006466 Blount 21 Feb 1998 Keener, Brian R.
0511
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
UWAL0006474 Sumter 21 Mar 2005 Gragg, N.S.
0035
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
JSU126117 Cleburne 9 Mar 1993 Weninegar. Loretta L.
23
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC059581 Blount 17 MAR 1999 KRAL, ROBERT
88030
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UNA00025443 Tuscaloosa 19 Apr 1994 Rohl, Jeannette
9.404008E+07
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
UWAL0039051 Cullman 22 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
9974
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0046922 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
397
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000034420 Bullock 22 Jan 2012 Dykes, Bailee
275
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0003079 Perry 26 Feb 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6301
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
JSU126126 Limestone 1 Feb 1996 Hofmann, Tim L.
00146
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC004097 Lee 1 APR 1951 BELL, CHARLES W.
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
SAMF0004825 Jefferson 08 Mar 1989 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2611
SAMF
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126123 Lee 27 Mar 1969 Wardlaw, David
s.n.
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0032302 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6092
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC066088 Butler 21 JAN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16130
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UWAL0006472 Lawrence 15 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1606
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000037756 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23808
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000037121 Bullock 12 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
340
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
SAMF0004823 Shelby 29 Apr 1999 Stallworth, Heather
43
SAMF
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UNA00047573 Baldwin 22 Mar 1998 Burkhalter, James R.
15771
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000037148 Autauga 03 Feb 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23711
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0039005 Walker 20 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
9955
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0014010 Bullock 07 Jan 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1476
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126110 Calhoun 13 Feb 1992 Fuller, Alison
21
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0031503 Morgan 02 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
5906
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126114 Calhoun 16 Mar 1970 Tudor, Jessica
s.n.
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0019105 Lamar 15 Mar 2015 England, J. Kevin
5352
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126121 Jackson 13 Mar 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
381
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC019567 Lee 29 MAR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
088-69
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UWAL0012632 Bullock 12 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0340
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126130 Marshall 13 Mar 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1158
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0032879 Randolph 15 Mar 2010 England, J. Kevin
2273
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0033645 St. Clair 17 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9368
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000020850 Hale 15 Mar 2003 Kral, Robert
93618
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0013120 Autauga 03 Feb 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23711
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000006491 Pike 02 Apr 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12331
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0038991 Etowah 22 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
9997
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UNA00025410 Tuscaloosa 25 Apr 1994 Johnson, Phillip S.
95
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000044921 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
397
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC060762 Lee 28 MAR 1969 CHITWOOD, JOHN C.
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
JSU126118 Colbert 11 Mar 1970 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
SAMF0006728 Marshall 26 Mar 2017 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6513
SAMF
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000006490 Butler 21 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16130
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126113 Calhoun 11 Apr 1989 Alford, J. Erik
191
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC057362 Conecuh 23 MAR 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10151
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UWAL0048105 Barbour 17 Mar 2019 Horne, Howard E.
4756
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000033218 Montgomery 13 Mar 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21176
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0013082 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23808
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000021167 Etowah 10 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3354
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC045759 Morgan 26 MAR 1971 TATUM, E. M.
001
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UNA00040186 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9349
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
UNA00040185 Fayette 24 Feb 1983 Kimbrell, Barbara R.
83
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000051881 St. Clair 17 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9368
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0015839 Macon 27 Feb 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24806
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126112 Calhoun 10 Apr 1992 Bailey, D.S.
8
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0015402 Franklin 18 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4094
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126115 Calhoun 18 Apr 1970 Tinney, Peggy
s.n.
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC004096 Lee 11 MAY 1956 GILMORE, ROBERT E.
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UNA00056600 Lee 30 Mar 1974 Skelton, M.
3
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
AUA_ACC064223 Tuscaloosa 2 APR 1994 MANN, CARROLL J.
106
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
AUA_ACC014360 Lee 9 APR 1969 SEAY, J. R.
56
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
JSU126127 Macon 30 Mar 1968 Knapp, Buddy
s.n.
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0035848 Blount 19 Apr 2015 Anderson, Kelly
0781
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
UWAL0006467 Clay 01 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4041
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000044451 Lamar 15 Mar 2015 England, J. Kevin
5352
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0015845 Elmore 02 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24812
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126111 Calhoun 28 Jan 1992 Clearman, F.W., Jr.
003
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0038970 Etowah 22 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
10014
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0031416 Colbert 30 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
6052
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126109 Calhoun 6 Apr 1983 Reedy, Jane
035
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0006468 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4081
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
JSU126120 Etowah 12 Mar 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
747
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC072779 Jackson 17 MAR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC-73
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UWAL0035167 Limestone 04 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7163
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
JSU126124 Lee 15 Apr 1970 Ward, L.A.
063
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0001967 Montgomery 13 Mar 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21176
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
UWAL0006473 Marengo 06 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1588
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
JSU126116 Clay 18 Mar 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8907
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UNA00064862 Blount 21 Feb 1998 Keener, Brian R.
511
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
UWAL0046769 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
313
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000020851 Marion 06 Apr 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11194
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0006469 Etowah 10 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3354
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000039117 Elmore 02 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24812
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0039021 Winston 24 Feb 2019 England, J. Kevin
9851
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UNA00068758 Clay 1 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4041
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000044651 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
313
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC030921 Tallapoosa 28 MAR 1974 CLAYBROOK, CHARLES R.
022
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
JSU126125 Lee 18 Feb 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UNA00060099 Lawrence 10 Feb 2000 England, J. Kevin
122
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000020852 St. Clair 31 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2740
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
TROY000032807 Covington 26 Feb 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21755
TROY
Lamium amplexicaule Linnaeus var. album A.L. Pickens and M.C. Pickens
AUA_ACC045220 Colbert 26 MAR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3074
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UWAL0050901 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 Barber, J.P.
1356
UWAL
Lamium purpureuma L.
TROY000006492 Pike 01 May 1991 Flowers, Kyle F.
12
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0006475 Tuscaloosa 18 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3396
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000030871 Lee 09 Feb 1960 Jones, Samuel B., Jr.
395
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC021419 Lee 1 APR 1970 WILLIAMS, ANN
008
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
JSU126119 DeKalb 9 Apr 1971 Wayner, Gary A.
s.n.
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC050033 Lauderdale 9 APR 1988 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
9349
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UNA00025435 Tuscaloosa 26 Mar 1994 Kortright, Maria
71
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000038329 Bullock 07 Jan 2013 Dykes, Bailee
TROY
Lamium perpereum Linnaeus
UWAL0006471 Lauderdale 26 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4127
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
JSU126131 Talladega 26 Mar 1972 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1100
JSU
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UWAL0039042 Blount 22 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
9983
UWAL
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UNA00040191 Calhoun 02 Apr 1965 Armstrong, Carolyn
32
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000020677 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4081
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC020790 Lauderdale 20 APR 1970 BOYLES, JAMES
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UNA00058751 St. Clair 31 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2740
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000039097 Macon 27 Feb 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24806
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
SAMF0006441 St. Clair 14 Mar 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6059
SAMF
Lamium purpureaum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC048507 Pike 22 FEB 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4121
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
UWAL0006470 Jackson 30 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4143
UWAL
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000020849 Chilton 14 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15130
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
AUA_ACC055321 Crenshaw 12 MAR 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9483
AUA
LAMIUM PURPUREUM L.
TROY000034219 Butler 31 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22783
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
SAMF0004824 Shelby 27 Feb 1996 Stiles, Jimmy
16
SAMF
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
UNA00040187 Tuscaloosa 19 Feb 1981 Gabrielson, Frederick C.
s.n.
UNA
Lamium purpureum L.
TROY000020676 Jackson 30 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4143
TROY
Lamium purpureum Linnaeus
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