Nabalus altissimus

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
Common Name:Tall Rattlesnake Root
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Tall Rattlesnake Root is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. It occurs in rich hardwood forests, in ravines, on bluffs, and on roadside banks. It is a perennial with a thick, knotty, tuberous taproot. The stems are erect, unbranched below the inflorescences, green or purplish in color, and glabrous or pubescent. Basal leaves are often present at flowering. They are petiolate, ovate or triangular in outline, palmately lobed or dissected, with entire or remotely toothed margins. The leaves are glabrous or with scattered hairs on the veins. Stem leaves are alternate, petiolate, ovate to lanceolate in outline, and otherwise similar to the basal leaves but smaller in size. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in terminal panicles. Each head has 1-2 series of short basal bracts that are dark green in color (the calyculi-- a group of small bracts that resembles a calyx), and 5 long, pale green, linear bracts (the phyllaries). Each head has 5 pale yellow ray flowers. The fruit is an achene with reddish-tan pappus. The species was until recently known as Prenanthes altissima L.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Nabalus
Species Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook. - Tall Rattlesnake Root

Citation

Citation Nabalus altissimus ( L. ) Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. (Hooker) 1(6): 294. 1833 [late 1833]
Basionym: Prenanthes altissima L. 1753 [1 May 1753].
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Prenanthes altissima var. cinnamomea    
Prenanthes altissima Prenanthes altissima L. Sp. Pl. 2: 797 (-798). 1753 [1 May 1753].  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Coosa, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2011 - 2011

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000002633 Baldwin 21 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14852
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
UNA00069009 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 T. Wayne Barger
305
UNA
Prenanthes altissima L.
TROY000002636 Pike 12 Nov 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12833
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
UNA00048260 Coosa 26 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
6057
UNA
Prenanthes altissima L.
SAMF0006531 Colbert 04 Oct 2011 Davenport, L.J.
4925
SAMF
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0012461 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23361
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
JSU117739 Calhoun 7 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1390
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0014286 Franklin 06 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7584
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117883 Winston 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7073
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000002641 Dale 02 Oct 1997 Hannelore Rundell
423
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
JSU117743 Clay 28 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
5067
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000038988 Coosa 11 Oct 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24664
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
JSU139772 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9398
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
AUA000006534 Jackson 19 SEP 1991 GUNN, SCOTT C.
2086
AUA
NABALUS ALTISSIMUS (L.) HOOK.
SAMF0006533 Blount 02 Oct 2003 Davenport, L.J.
2986
SAMF
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117752 Monroe 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19088
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117744 Cleburne 7 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
486
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000043604 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 J. Kevin England
3175
TROY
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117745 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7462
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117755 Monroe 2 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19128
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UNA00063671 Baldwin 21 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14852
UNA
Prenanthes altissima L.
TROY000016066 Cherokee 02 Nov 1987 C. C. Dickson
835
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
JSU117757 Randolph 21 Sep 1985 C. F. Nixon
1336
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0034756 Lowndes 04 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84270
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0038147 Shelby 01 Oct 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15050
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117747 Etowah 2 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
3982
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UNA00012868 Cleburne 7 Sep 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Prenanthes altissima L.
JSU117749 Madison 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6200
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117754 Monroe 2 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19128
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
AUA000006532 Autauga 27 SEP 1975 DUPREE, W. G.
011
AUA
NABALUS ALTISSIMUS (L.) HOOK.
UWAL0012187 DeKalb 26 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
5019
UWAL
Nabulus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hook
JSU117759 Randolph 12 Oct 1986 C. F. Nixon
3254
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0036750 Lawrence 07 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8578
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0033475 Winston 22 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4601
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117748 Jackson 22 Oct 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2153
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UNA00015283 Tuscaloosa 2 Oct 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prenanthes altissima L.
JSU117740 Cherokee 30 Oct 1986 C. M. Moore
105
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117882a Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7233a
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000033927 Houston 08 Oct 2011 Whitney Senn
71
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
UWAL0012186 DeKalb 26 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
5009
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hook
JSU117758 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
2019a
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0038686 Jefferson 06 Oct 2018 England, J. Kevin
9571
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0013593 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 England, J. Kevin
3175
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
AUA000006535 Jefferson 28 SEP 1975 MADDOX, WILLIAM K.
100
AUA
NABALUS ALTISSIMUS (L.) HOOK.
TROY000040345 DeKalb 26 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
5009
TROY
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117738 Calhoun 7 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1391
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
AUA000006536 Lee 10 OCT 1975 CAMP, DEBORAH M.
035
AUA
NABALUS ALTISSIMUS (L.) HOOK.
JSU117885 Winston 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7073
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117750 Marion 4 Oct 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10386
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000002637 Pike 20 Nov 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11553
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
UNA00069779 Jackson 16 Apr 2009 T. Wayne Barger
284
UNA
Prenanthes altissima L.
TROY000033856 Pike 05 Oct 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22622
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
SAMF0006532 Calhoun 02 Oct 2003 Davenport, L.J.
2989
SAMF
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000002640 Dale 21 Oct 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
UWAL0008737 Colbert 04 Oct 2011 Davenport, L.J.
4925
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
JSU117736 Calhoun 30 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1446
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0015230 Sumter 01 Oct 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8219
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
JSU117756 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12807
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000031927 Butler 07 Nov 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21700
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
TROY000002635 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17165
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
JSU117881 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1384
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000002638 Wilcox 14 Oct 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12765
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
UWAL0018842 Monroe 02 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25648
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
UWAL0015300 St. Clair 28 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3985
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
JSU117737 Calhoun 7 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1391
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UWAL0014285 Lawrence 07 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7615
UWAL
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117884 Winston 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7073
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117741 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18972
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117742 Clay 19 Oct 1996 J. M. Ballard
6999
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000016070 Randolph 14 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4394
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
JSU117760 Randolph 21 Sep 1986 C. F. Nixon
3098
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
AUA000006537 Monroe 13 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
736
AUA
NABALUS ALTISSIMUS (L.) HOOK.
SAMF0006534 Shelby 28 Sep 1988 Collier, Stephen
84
SAMF
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
JSU117746 Etowah 4 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3490
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
UNA00048240 Tuscaloosa 2 Oct 1975 Fred K. Hoener
1309
UNA
Prenanthes altissima L.
JSU117751 Marshall 21 Sep 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10699
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
TROY000035687 Butler 16 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23361
TROY
Prenanthes altissima Linnaeus
JSU117753 Monroe 2 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19128
JSU
Nabalus altissimus (Linnaeus) Hooker
AUA000006533 Baldwin 21 OCT 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14852
AUA
NABALUS ALTISSIMUS (L.) HOOK.
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