Lactuca serriola

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
Common Name:Prickly Lettuce
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Biennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LASE
Plant Notes:Prickly Lettuce is an introduced member of the Aster family (Asteraceae). It is native to Europe. In Alabama, Prickly Lettuce can be found state wide. It occurs in highly disturbed sites such as vacant lots, along railroads, in disused parking lots, and in cracks in the side walk. It is an annual from a tap root. Stems grow from 3-7 feet in height. The stem is unbranched below the inflorescence. Stems are round, glabrous, and often glaucous. Leaves are alternate, lobed or un-lobed, oblong to lanceolate in outline, with prickly margins. There are often prickles along the midrib on the lower side of the leaf. The basal lobes of the leaf clasp the stem. Leaves are rotated 45-90 degrees. Both stems and leaves contain a white milky latex sap. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in paniculate arrays. Each head has 10-20 ray flowers and no disc flowers. The rays are lemon yellow in color. The fruit is a beaked achene. The body of the achene is flat and light tan in color. The pappus is white. Prickly Lettuce is a common site in many downtown areas.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Lactuca
Species Lactuca serriola Linnaeus - Prickly Lettuce

Citation

Citation Lactuca serriola Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. II. 29. 1756.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 950.3). Lectotypified by S. D. Prince & R. N. Carter, Watsonia 11: 331-338. 1977.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lactuca scariola    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Conecuh, Covington, Cullman, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0034261 Mobile 18 Jun 2012 Horne, Howard E.
1799
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000005273 Pike 1 Jul 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5131
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
TROY000040572 Marengo 25 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3093
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0011171 Marengo 11 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3639
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000039533 Jackson 21 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8260
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
JSU116113 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
768
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000005270 Lawrence 1 Jul 1972 Luckett, Larry
51
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
JSU116108 Cullman 27 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5108
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0013116 Barbour 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23659
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000037211 Marengo 11 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3639
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0011955 Dallas 18 Jun 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6534
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116111 Jackson 3 Jul 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
977
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0000768 Montgomery 23 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19463
UWAL
Lactuca serriola L.
JSU116114 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
768
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000005267 Chambers 11 Jul 1969 Miller, L.C.
100
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
JSU116116 Limestone 27 Jun 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17898
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116112 Jackson 17 Aug 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6666
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AMAL00022014 Mobile 18 Jun 2012 Horne, Howard E.
1799
AMAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0036554 Jackson 21 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8260
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116106 Cherokee 28 Jul 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15341
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000039666 Elmore 08 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25153
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116119 Marshall 21 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5176
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
ALNHS00003692 Houston 28 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP-205
ALNHS
Lactuca serriola L.
TROY000015533 Jefferson 29 Aug 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16841
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116110 Etowah 12 Jun 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2645
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0012709 Marengo 25 Jul 2011 England, J. Kevin
3093
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000005271 Lee 26 Jun 1970 Rogers, Norman
57
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
UWAL0035223 Madison 02 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7918
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116109 Etowah 18 Jul 1969 Stanley, Judy
s.n.
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0019202 Chilton 07 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
77891
UWAL
Lactuca serriola L.
JSU116115 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
769
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0012138 Sumter 12 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7898
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000005269 Lauderdale 7 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
248
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
TROY000015343 Covington 01 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13239
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AMAL00009173 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2011 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13317
AMAL
Lactuca serriola L.
JSU116118 Marshall 13 Jun 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8459
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000034953 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2011 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13317
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000040805 Dallas 18 Jun 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6534
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000015344 Butler 17 Jun 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17701
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116103 Blount 13 Jul 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9065
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0046223 Autauga 28 Jul 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1069
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000005272 Pike 17 Jun 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9236
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
TROY000048204 Autauga 28 Jul 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1069
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AMAL00012507 Elmore 18 Jun 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12280
AMAL
Lactuca serriola L.
TROY000015534 Jackson 03 Jul 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
977
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000005268 Conecuh 30 Jul 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9273
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
AUA000039535 Madison 2 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7918
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
TROY000043817 Houston 28 Feb 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27216
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116107 Cullman 27 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5108
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000002442 Pike 01 Jun 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11712
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AMAL00021730 Sumter 12 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7898
AMAL
Lactuca serriola L.
JSU116104 Calhoun 12 Jul 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000015342 Montgomery 23 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19463
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000040734 Sumter 12 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7898
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116120 Marshall 21 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5194
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
AUA000039418 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6597
AUA
Lactuca Serriola L.
JSU116105 Calhoun 15 Jun 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11312
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UNA00054300 Blount 11 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1207
UNA
Lactuca serriola L.
UWFP004992 Escambia 28 Jun 2013 James R. Burkhalter
24175
UWFP
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116121 Morgan 7 Aug 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5947
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
JSU116117 Marshall 21 Jul 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2373
JSU
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
UWAL0009932 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 2011 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13317
UWAL
Lactuca serriola L.
UWAL0032751 Lauderdale 17 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6597
UWAL
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
TROY000037766 Barbour 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23659
TROY
Lactuca serriola Linnaeus
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: