Helianthus tuberosus

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
Common Name:Jerusalem Artichoke
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HETU
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Helianthus
Species Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus - Jerusalem Artichoke

Citation

Citation HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 905. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: Colonna, Ecphresis t. 13. 1616). Lectotypified by Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 188. 1919.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Helianthus besseyi Helianthus besseyi Bates, Amer. Bot. (Binghampton) 20: 17. 1914. NEBRASKA
Helianthus esculentus Helianthus esculentus Warczewicz, Allg. Gartenzeitung 20: 293. 1852.  
Helianthus mollissimus Helianthus mollissimus E. Watson, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 432. 1929. MISSOURI
Helianthus neomexicanus Helianthus neomexicanus Wooton & Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 190. 1913. NEW MEXICO: Grant Co.: Mangas Springs, 19 Aug 1902, Wooton s.n. (holotype: US).
Helianthus serotinus Helianthus serotinus Tausch, Flora 11: 504. 1828.  
Helianthus strumosus subsp. tomentosus Helianthus strumosus Linnaeus, subsp. tomentosus (Michaux) Anashchenko, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 59: 1480. 1974.Helianthus tomentosus Michaux 1803. 
Helianthus subcanescens Helianthus subcanescens (A. Gray) E. Watson, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 9: 430. 1929.Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. subcanescens A. Gray 1884. 
Helianthus tomentosus Helianthus tomentosus Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 141. 1803. ILLINOIS
Helianthus tuberosus var. multituberculatus Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. multituberculatus Cockerell, Monthly Bull. Calif. Comiss. Hort. 8(5): 6. 1919.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. albus Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. albus Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 173. 1866.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. albus Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. albus Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 189. 1919, non Alefeld 1866.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. alexandri Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. alexandri Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 188. 1919. MICHIGAN
Helianthus tuberosus var. fusiformis Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. fusiformis Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 189. 1919.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. lutescens Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. lutescens Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 173. 1866.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. nebrascensis Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. nebrascensis Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 188. 1919. NEBRASKA: Webster Co.: Red Cloud,
Helianthus tuberosus var. oblongifolius Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. oblongifolius Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 173. 1866.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. purpurellus Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. purpurellus Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 188. 1919.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. purpureus Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. purpureus Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 190. 1919.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. ruber Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. ruber Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 173. 1866.  
Helianthus tuberosus var. subcanescens Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. subcanescens A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 280. 1884. MINNESOTA: Without data, Kennicot s.n. (lectotype: GH). Lectotypified by Heiser et al., Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 126. 1969.
Helianthus tuberosus var. typicus Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus, var. typicus Cockerell, Amer. Naturalist 53: 188. 1919, nom. inadmiss.Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus 1753. 
Helianthus vicetinus Helianthus vicetinus Turra ex Zahghieri, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. 11: 389. 1868.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Hale, Jackson, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Monroe, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000004608 Dale 9 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7428
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004624 Russell 12 JUL 1969 SIMONDS, E. P.
008
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
UWAL0015118 Bullock 22 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23128
UWAL
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004620 Pike 17 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9237
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004619 Monroe 3 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1381
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AMAL00013924 Calhoun 21 Sep 1994 Daniel D. Spaulding
6479
AMAL
Helianthus tuberosus L. Kukenth
UWAL0015890 Conecuh 02 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24500
UWAL
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004610 Hale 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
889
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004612 Lee 21 JUL 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004603 Clarke 3 OCT 1971 HENLEY, NANCY S.
098
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
TROY000036066 Bullock 22 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23128
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004598 Butler 28 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
948
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004615 Lee 1 JUL 1966 DALY, JR., ROBERT
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004616 Macon 19 JUN 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
122
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
UWAL0034200 Colbert 23 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14397
UWAL
Helianthus tuberosus L.
AUA000004622 Pike 5 AUG 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7066
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004597 Bibb 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
706
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004625 Sumter 12 AUG 1961 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
763
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004607 Dale 15 SEP 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7750
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004621 Pike 28 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5104
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
TROY000002314 Dale 18 Jun 1997 Hannelore Rundell
246
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004609 Dallas 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
860
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
UWAL0034201 Colbert 23 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14397
UWAL
Helianthus tuberosus L.
JSU114789 Jackson 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6265
JSU
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004604 Conecuh 25 MAY 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
743
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000033251 Colbert 23 Aug 2015 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
14397
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS
TROY000039210 Conecuh 02 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24500
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004627 Tuscaloosa 9 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
289
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004599 Chilton 21 AUG 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
895
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
TROY000038973 Pike 09 Oct 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24612
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004628 Wilcox 28 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1071
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004602 Choctaw 14 JUL 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1430
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004617 Marengo 19 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
281-69
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004613 Lee 22 JUN 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
TROY000015221 Crenshaw 19 Jun 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19444
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
TROY000031826 Lowndes 27 Jul 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21502
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004623 Pike 25 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6117
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
TROY000002313 Coffee 19 Jun 1999 Brian H. Martin
50
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AMAL00003049 Hale 07 Jun 2012 T. Wayne Barger
SP#568
AMAL
Helianthus tuberosus L.
AUA000004600 Choctaw 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
946
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004614 Lee 17 JUN 1971 WATERS, JERRY C.
004
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
JSU114790 Jackson 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6265
JSU
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004605 Conecuh 28 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1023
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000033250 Colbert 23 Aug 2015 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
14397
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS
AUA000004601 Choctaw 14 JUL 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1430
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004595 Autauga 15 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
393
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004611 Lee 29 JUN 1970 REBOIS, R. V.
005
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
UWAL0016237 Pike 09 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24312
UWAL
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
TROY000015222 Butler 26 Jul 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17822
TROY
Helianthus tuberosus Linnaeus
AUA000004596 Autauga 7 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1209
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004606 Crenshaw 19 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9251
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AUA000004618 Monroe 3 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1422
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
AMAL00013925 Calhoun 21 Sep 1994 Daniel D. Spaulding
6479
AMAL
Helianthus tuberosus L. Kukenth
AUA000004626 Sumter 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
937
AUA
HELIANTHUS TUBEROSUS L.
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