Anchistea virginica

Family:BLECHNACEAE
Species:Anchistea virginica (L.) C. Presl
Common Name:Virginia Chain Fern; Southern Chain Fern; Giant Chain Fern
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBLECHNACEAE - Chain Fern family
Genus Anchistea
Species Anchistea virginica (L.) C. Presl - Virginia Chain Fern; Southern Chain Fern; Giant Chain Fern

Citation

Citation Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) C. Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 6: 431. 1851.
Basionym: Blechnum virginicum L. 1771.
Type: VIRGINIA: Princess Anne Co.: Emmerson, 26 Jun 1922, Randolph & Randolph 330 (neotype: BM; isoneotype: BH). Neotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 978. 2009.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Blechnum carolinianum Blechnum carolinianum Walter, Fl. Carol. 257. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA
Blechnum virginicum Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 307. 1771. VIRGINIA: Princess Anne Co.: Emmerson, 26 Jun 1922, Randolph & Randolph 330 (neotype: BM; isoneotype: BH). Neotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 978. 2009.
Doodia virginica Doodia virginica (Linnaeus) C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 99. 1836.Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus 1771. 
Lorinseria thelypteroides Lorinseria thelypteroides (Pursh) C. Presl, Epimel. Bot. 72. 1851 ("1849").: Woodwardia thelypteroides Pursh 1814. 
Woodwardia banisteriana Woodwardia banisteriana Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 263. 1803.  
Woodwardia thelypteroides Woodwardia thelypteroides Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 670. 1814.SOUTH CAROLINA: Near Charleston, 
Woodwaria virginica Woodwaria virginica (Linnaeus) Smith, Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Turin 5: 412. 1793.Blechnum virginicum Linnaeus 1771. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Henry, Houston, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1992 - 1992

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU142321 Dallas 24 Aug 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-595
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC_32785 Clarke 1 Jun 1976 Short, John W.
581
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00053086 Mobile 25 Aug 1954 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC_64876 Geneva 8 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14880
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
TROY000041914 Montgomery 14 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25510
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AMAL00005332 Bullock 13 Aug 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13559
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000072 Bullock 13 Aug 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13559
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0049983 Lowndes 17 Jul 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
29015
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053089 Baldwin 25 Nov 1962 Edwards, Jackie
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00019916 Covington 16 Jul 1980 Short, John W. (Jack)
1218
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053051 Baldwin 08 Aug 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000049075 Lowndes 17 Jul 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
29015
TROY
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC_9884 Washington 8 Jun 1961 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
692
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32809 Escambia 2 Jun 1976 Short, John W.
617
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00064361 Geneva 08 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14880
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00062922 Covington 27 Jul 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14528
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00011062 Geneva 13 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62973
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053068 Covington 22 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000032052 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2547
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053088 Mobile 28 Jun 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D949
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
JSU106662 Cherokee 05 Aug 1995 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
s.n.
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0011410 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
897
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
JSU106663 Etowah 07 May 1995 Hodge, Lesley M.
4238
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
TROY000013216 Calhoun 20 Jun 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11421
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053072 DeKalb 16 Jul 1980 Cressler, Alan
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053082 Tuscaloosa 09 Apr 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000071 Barbour 11 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62875
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0019743 Houston 14 Oct 1996 Kral, Robert
86887
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
AUA_ACC_7642 Sumter 3 Jul 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
5
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32781 Escambia 16 Sep 1976 Short, John W.
829
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA000044168 Covington 21 Oct 1982 Short, John W.
1295
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UWAL0001630 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2547
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
TROY000030785 Crenshaw 15 Sep 1976 Short, John W. (Jack)
802
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC_55236 Pike 15 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9675
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00053069 Macon 23 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
JSU106661 Calhoun 04 Sep 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6156
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0001184 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3253
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
TROY000000070 Baldwin 11 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14888
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
USAM000000021 Baldwin 12 Aug 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3758
USAM
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
TROY000000080 Pike 22 May 1977 Stanford, D.H.
s.n.
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053075 Baldwin 03 May 1958 Edwards, Jackie
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053083 Pickens 09 Apr 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00005334 Houston 05 Apr 1953 O'Kelley, J. Charles
s.n.
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
UWAL0044047 Baldwin 07 Apr 2004 Graves, A.
1451
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_9952 Mobile 6 Jun 1961 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
681
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32808 Mobile 2 Jun 1976 Short, John W.
595
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA000037674 Baldwin 4 Aug 1982 Short, John W.
1268
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UWAL0002856 Baldwin 09 Sep 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21561
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
TROY000000079 Geneva 20 Jul 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11871
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053066 Wilcox 20 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000045181 Geneva 13 Apr 2017 Byrd, Cameron
981
TROY
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) C. Presl
UWAL0019827 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26671
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AMAL00016326 Geneva 08 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14880
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC_54520 Crenshaw 5 Jun 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9219
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
TROY000000076 Covington 27 Jul 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14528
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053062 Washington 08 Sep 1949 Crawford, Lloyd C.
126
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053260 Houston 05 Apr 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
JSU106665 Mobile 28 Mar 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3414
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AMAL00020419 Calhoun 04 Sep 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6156
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
UNA00053077 Autauga 28 May 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00007534 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
7992
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC_31908 Elmore 15 Aug 1974 Short, John W.
221
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32807 Perry 29 Aug 1975 Short, John W.
410
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AMAL00014418 Butler 30 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18438
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053048 Sumter 18 Jul 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC_32782 Dallas 1 Jun 1976 Short, John W.
575
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00053070 Macon 23 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000035267 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
897
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
JSU106419 Baldwin 11 Aug 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4316
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053063 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 Lentz, David L.
161
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000014748 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20221
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
JSU106418 Washington 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18416
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0030550 Covington 26 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
78106
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00053074 Baldwin 25 Nov 1960 Edwards, Jackie
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053079 Greene 09 May 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00019808 Baldwin 04 Aug 1982 Short, John W. (Jack)
1268
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0049135 Covington 05 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5560
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K. Presl
SAMF0006238 Mobile 06 Aug 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
SAMF
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_7631 Baldwin 7 May 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
19
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32787 Baldwin 2 Jun 1976 Short, John W.
605
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UWAL0017657 Montgomery 14 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25510
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
UNA00053059 Mobile 09 May 1953 Boschung, Herbert T.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
JSU106664 Houston 22 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14221
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053259 Baldwin 13 Sep 1952 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053090 Mobile _ Aug 1872 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA000038000 Covington 5 May 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5560
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
TROY000000074 Butler 13 Sep 1998 Diamond, Alvin R.
11415
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC_72826 Baldwin 13 Aug 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-475
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
TROY000013262 Butler 30 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18438
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053061 Washington 08 Sep 1949 Crawford, Lloyd C.
124
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053046 St. Clair 02 Jun 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00019823 Covington 21 Oct 1982 Short, John W. (Jack)
1295
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053076 Baldwin 08 Aug 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000042558 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26671
TROY
Anchistea virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC_9875 Washington 8 Jun 1961 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
696
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32784 Covington 2 Nov 1976 Short, John W.
620
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00045715 Houston 21 May 1992 MacDonald, John R.
4615
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000073 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14133
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053047 Chilton 16 Oct 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000077 Geneva 13 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62973
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053085 Henry 21 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
ALNHS00001076 Mobile 20 Mar 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#496
ALNHS
Anchistea virginica (L.) C. Presl
JSU106420 Butler 30 Aug 1970 Kral, Robert
40868
JSU
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UWAL0001183 Butler 30 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18438
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
AMAL00005333 Calhoun 20 Jun 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11421
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC_7338 Russell 13 Aug 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
32
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
TROY000013261 Pike 16 May 1977 Mills, Frank
s.n.
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053073 Barbour 24 Jun 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
1246
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053080 Dale 05 Apr 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000032979 Baldwin 09 Sep 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21561
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC_19666 Autauga 7 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
810
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00053050 Baldwin 30 Aug 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC_63825 Covington 27 Jul 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14528
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32783 Crenshaw 15 Sep 1976 Short, John W.
802
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32786 Choctaw 8 May 1976 Short, John W.
499
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AMAL00009553 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2547
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053049 Marengo 18 Jul 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AMAL00011621 Barbour 11 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62875
AMAL
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053087 Geneva 22 Aug 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000000078 Geneva 08 Nov 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14880
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053060 Mobile 10 Sep 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
D252
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
USAM000000020 Covington 8 Jun 1969 Kral, Robert
35169
USAM
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Smith
AUA000040472 Covington 1 Jun 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5615
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UWAL0018999 Geneva 21 Jul 1991 Kral, Robert
79392
UWAL
Anchistea virginica (L.) K.Presl
TROY000000075 Coffee 04 Sep 2000 Martin, Brian H.
919
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
UNA00053071 DeKalb 16 Jul 1980 Cressler, Alan
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
UNA00053265 Dale 05 Apr 1953 O'Kelley, Joseph C.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
TROY000033443 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Dykes, Bailee
94
TROY
Woodwardia virginica (Linnaeus) Smith
AUA_ACC_64767 Mobile 17 Oct 1973 Taylor, John
15271
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00053078 Baldwin 30 Aug 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
AUA_ACC_46804 Conecuh 28 Aug 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3559
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_35690 Covington 16 Jul 1980 Short, John W.
1218
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_32789 Washington 8 May 1976 Short, John W.
504
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
AUA_ACC_55009 Crenshaw 31 Jul 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9755
AUA
Anchistea Virginica (L.) C. Presl
UNA00059601 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
7992
UNA
Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
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