Cichorium intybus

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
Common Name:Chicory; Succory; Blue Sailors
Habitat:Roadsides and other disturbed areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Biennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Cichorium
Species Cichorium intybus Linnaeus - Chicory; Succory; Blue Sailors

Citation

Citation CICHORIUM INTYBUS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 813. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 962.1). Lectotypified by Lack, in Rechinger f., Fl. Iran 122: 6. 1977.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cichorium balearicum Cichorium balearicum Porta, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 311. 1887. SPAIN: Majorca
Cichorium cicorea Cichorium cicorea Dumortier, Fl. Belg. 64. 1827. BELGIUM
Cichorium glabratum Cichorium glabratum C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: xxxii. 1826. ITALY: Sicily
Cichorium glaucum Cichorium glaucum Hoffmannsegg & Link, Fl. Portug. 2: 178. 1805. PORTUGAL
Cichorium hirsutum Cichorium hirsutum Grenier, Acad. Sci. Besancon Seance Publique 1838: 137. 1838.  
Cichorium intybus subsp. glabratum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, subsp. glabratum (C. Presl) Wagenitz & Bedarff, in Tan, Davis & Hedge Festschr. 12. 1989.Cichorium glabratum C. Presl 1826. 
Cichorium intybus subsp. glaucum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, subsp. glaucum (Hoffmannsegg & Link) Tzvelev, CITATION?Cichorium glaucum Hoffmannsegg & Link 1805. 
Cichorium intybus subsp. sativum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, subsp. sativum Janchen, CITATION?Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. sativum Bischoff 1851, non (Stokes) Gaudin 1829. 
Cichorium intybus var. albiflorum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. albiflorum Hagenbach, Tent. Fl. Basil. 2: 284. 1834. SWITZERLAND
Cichorium intybus var. album Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. album Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866.  
Cichorium intybus var. breve Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. breve Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866.  
Cichorium intybus var. coeruleum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. coeruleum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866, nom. inadmiss.Cichorium intybus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cichorium intybus var. eglandulosa Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. eglandulosa Freyn & Sintenis, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 259. 1894. TURKEY: Kastamonu: Tosya, 1892, Sintenis 4919 (holotype: W?).
Cichorium intybus var. fasciatum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. fasciatum (Stokes) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 5: 149. 1829.  
Cichorium intybus var. glabratum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. glabratum (C. Presl) Grenier & Godron, Fl. France 2: 286. 1850.Cichorium glabratum C. Presl 1826. 
Cichorium intybus var. liniinum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. liliinum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866.  
Cichorium intybus var. longum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. longum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866.  
Cichorium intybus var. maritimum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. maritimum Freyn, Fl. S.-Istr., Nachtr. 24. 1878.  
Cichorium intybus var. porphyreum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. porphyreum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866.  
Cichorium intybus var. radicosum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. radicosum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866.  
Cichorium intybus var. roseum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. roseum Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 182. 1866.  
Cichorium intybus var. sativum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. sativum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 5: 149. 1829.Cichorium perenne Stokes, var. sativum Stokes 1812. 
Cichorium intybus var. sativum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. sativum Bischoff, Beitr. Fl. Deutschl. 26. 1851, non (Stokes) Gaudin 1829. GERMANY
Cichorium intybus var. subspicatum Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. subspicatum Uechtritz, in Fiek & Uechtritz, Fl. Schliesen 247. 1881.  
Cichorium intybus var. sylvestre Cichorium intybus Linnaeus, var. sylvestre Bischoff, Beitr. Fl. Deutschl. 25. 1851, nom. inadmiss.Cichorium sylvestre Lamarck 1779, nom. illegit.; Cichorium intybus Linnaeus 1753.  
Cichorium perenne Cichorium perenne Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 133. 1812, nom. illegit.Cichorium intybus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cichorium perenne var. sativum Cichorium perenne Stokes, var. sativum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 134. 1812.  
Cichorium perenne var. sylvestre Cichorium perenne Stokes, var. sylvestre Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 133. 1812, nom. inadmiss.Cichorium perenne Stokes 1812, nom. illegit.; Cichorium intybus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cichorium rigidum Cichorium rigidum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 183. 1796, nom. illegit.Cichorium intybus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cichorium sylvestre Cichorium sylvestre Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 2: 120. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Cichorium intybus Linnaeus 1753. 
Cichorium byzantinum Cichorium byzantinum Clementi, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2. 16: 285. 1855. TURKEY
Cichorium commune Cichorium commune Pallas, Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 655. 1776, nom. illegit.Cichorium intybus Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Tallapoosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
aua000025615 Lowndes 7 JUN 2012 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP572
AUA
CICHORIUM INTYBUS L.
TROY000030411 Tallapoosa 31 May 2006 Curtis J. Hansen
2236
TROY
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
UWAL0014857 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1411
UWAL
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
TROY000033040 Pike 08 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22323
TROY
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105090 Jefferson 18 May 1984 J. P. Barber
229
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
UNA00045589 Mobile _ Aug 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cichorium intybus L.
AMAL00020233 Lowndes 22 May 2013 T. Wayne Barger
SP#981
AMAL
Cichorium intybus L.
JSU105085 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11475
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
UWAL0012638 Lawrence 09 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13572
UWAL
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
TROY000037074 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Bailee Dykes
1411
TROY
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105087 Etowah 26 Jun 1985 Norma Robertson
005
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105088 Etowah 04 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
1807
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
AUA000002217 Montgomery 3 JUL 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
CICHORIUM INTYBUS L.
AUA000002218 Montgomery 9 JUN 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5915
AUA
CICHORIUM INTYBUS L.
UNA00045588 30 Sep 1891 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cichorium intybus L.
UWAL0037852 Limestone 04 Jul 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14820
UWAL
Cichorium intybus L.
UWAL0008475 Pike 08 Jul 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22323
UWAL
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
AMAL00021121 Winston 09 Sep 2012 Daniel D. Spaulding
13564
AMAL
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105092 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
806
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105089 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10047
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
TROY000001667 Dallas 29 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11957
TROY
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105083 Blount 07 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5933
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105084 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11475
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
UWAL0012742 Winston 09 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13564
UWAL
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
TROY000034907 Montgomery 17 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23087
TROY
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
AMAL00021084 Lawrence 09 Sep 2012 Daniel D. Spaulding
13572
AMAL
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105091 Jefferson 18 May 1984 J. P. Barber
229
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
UNA00062275 Dallas 29 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11957
UNA
Cichorium intybus L.
UWAL0010745 Montgomery 17 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23087
UWAL
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
AMAL00002823 Madison 22 Jun 1997 S. J. Threlkeld
1058a
AMAL
Cichorium intybus L.
AUA000021839 Tallapoosa 31 MAY 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2236
AUA
CICHORIUM INTYBUS L.
AMAL00008307 Dallas 29 Jun 2003 D.D. Spaulding
11957
AMAL
Cichorium intybus L.
JSU105086 DeKalb 26 Jul 1975 G. A. Wayner
531
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU143478 Etowah 26 Jun 1985 Norma Robertson
005
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
JSU105082 Blount 07 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5933
JSU
Cichorium intybus Linnaeus
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