Avicennia germinans

Species:Avicennia germinans (L.) L.
Common Name:Black Mangrove
Habitat:Outer coastal areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:A species long known to be native to coastal areas of peninsula Florida, Louisiana and Texas in addition to islands in the Caribbean. In recent times, perhaps due to warming of the planet, it has been discovered in coastal Mississippi (2013) and Alabama (2020).
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Persisting, Native
References:First documented occurrence in Alabama as published on AL.com.

** Not applicable or data not available.


FamilyACANTHACEAE - Acanthus family
Genus Avicennia
Species Avicennia germinans (L.) L. - Black Mangrove


Citation Avicennia germinans (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. (ed. 3) 2: 891. 1764.
Basionym: Bontia germinans L. 1759.
Type: JAMAICA: Without data, Browne s.n. (lectotype: LINN 813.2). Lectotypified by Stearn, Kew Bull. 1958: 34. 1958.

** Not applicable or data not available.


SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bontia germinans Bontia germinans L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2: 1122. 1759.  

Specimens and Distribution

No specimens exist for this species.