Sinapis arvensis

Family:BRASSICACEAE
Species:Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
Common Name:Corn mustard
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SIAR4
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBRASSICACEAE - Mustard family
Genus Sinapis
Species Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus - Corn mustard

Citation

Citation SINAPIS ARVENSIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 668. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: "Europe", without data (lectotype: LINN 845.2). Lectotypified by Jafri in Nasir & Ali, Fl. W. Pakistan 55: 29. 1973.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Agrosinapis arvensis Agrosinapis arvensis (Linnaeus) Fourreau, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2. 16: 329. 1868.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica arvensis Brassica arvensis (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst, Fl. Lusat. 184. 1839, non Linnaeus 1767.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica arvensis var. normalis Brassica arvensis (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 19. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Brassica arvensis (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst 1839, non Linnaeus 1767; Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica arvensis var. orientalis Brassica arvensis (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst, var. orientalis (Linnaeus) Farwell, Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 15: 175. 1913.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Brassica arvensis var. schkuhriana Brassica arvensis (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst, var. schkuhriana (Reichenbach) Thellung ex Schinz & R. Keller, Fl. Schweiz., ed. 3. 2: 131. 1914.Sinapis schkuhriana Reichenbach 1837. 
Brassica kaber Brassica kaber (de Candolle) L. C. Wheeler, Rhodora 40: 306. 1938.Sinapis kaber de Candolle 1821. 
Brassica kaber var. orientalis Brassica kaber (de Candolle) L. C. Wheeler, var. orientalis (Linnaeus) Scoggan, Fl. Canada 1: 51. 1978.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Brassica kaber var. pinnatifida Brassica kaber (de Candolle) L. C. Wheeler, var. pinnatifida (Stokes) L. C. Wheeler, Rhodora 40: 308. 1938, nom. illegit.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. pinnatifida Stokes 1812, nom. inadmiss.; Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica kaber var. schkuhriana Brassica kaber (de Candolle) L. C. Wheeler, var. schkuhriana (Reichenbach) L. C. Wheeler, Rhodora 40: 308. 1938.Sinapis schkuhriana Reichenbach 1837. 
Brassica kaber var. stricta Brassica kaber (de Candolle) L. C. Wheeler, var. stricta (Celakovsky) Shinners, Rhodora 52: 127. 1950.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. stricta Celakovsky 1875. 
Brassica orientalis Brassica orientalis (Linnaeus) Boissier, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2. 17: 88. 1842, non Linnaeus 1753.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Brassica sinapis Brassica sinapis Visiani, Fl. Dalmat. 3: 136. 1850, nom. illegit. et non Noulet 1837.Brassica sinapistrum Boissier 1839; Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica sinapis var. orientalis Brassica sinapis Visiani, var. orientalis (Linnaeus) Brandza, Prodr. Fl. Romane 130. 1883.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Brassica sinapistrum Brassica sinapistrum Boissier, Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 39. 1839.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica sinapistrum var. orientalis Brassica sinapistrum Boissier, var. orientalis (Linnaeus) Fiori, Fl. Italia 4(App. 1): 96. 1907.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Brassica sinapistrum var. typica Brassica sinapistrum Boissier, var. typica Briquet, Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(1): 74. 1913, nom. inadmiss.Brassica sinapistrum Boissier 1839; Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica sinapistrum var. villosa Brassica sinapistrum Boissier, var. villosa (Merat) Fiori, Fl. Italia 4(App. 1): 96. 1907.Sinapis villosa Merat 1812. 
Caulis sinapiaster Caulis sinapiaster E. H. L. Krause, Bot. Centralbl. 81: 207. 1900, nom. illegit.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Crucifera sinapistra Crucifera sinapistra E. H. L. Krause, in Sturm, Fl. Deutschl., ed. 2. 6: 134. 1902, nom. illegit.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Eruca arvensis Eruca arvensis (Linnaeus) Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyren. 34. 1837.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Melanosinapis menghiniana Melanosinapis menghiniana Cazzuola, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 3(3): 78. 1880.  
Napus agriasinapis Napus agriasinapis Schimper & Spenner, in Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 3: 944. 1829, nom. illegit.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Raphanus arvensis Raphanus arvensis (Linnaeus) Crantz, Cl. Crucif. Emend. 109. 1769.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Raphanus orientalis Raphanus orientalis (Linnaeus) Crantz, Cl. Crucif. Emend. 109. 1769.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Rhamphospermum arvense Rhamphospermum arvense (Linnaeus) Andrzeiowski ex Besser, Enum. Pl. 83. 1822.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhamphospermum orientale Rhamphospermum orientale (Linnaeus) Andrzeiowski ex Besser, Enum. Pl. 83. 1822.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Sinapi arvense Sinapi arvense (Linnaeus) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrenees 194. 1867.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis arvensis var. glabra Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. glabra Lindemann, Prodr. Fl. Cherson. 23. 1872.  
Sinapis arvensis var. brachycarpa Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. brachycarpa (Busch) O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 124. 1919.Brassica sinapistrum Boissier, forma brachycarpa Busch 1908. 
Sinapis arvensis var. brevirostris Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. brevirostris (Spach) O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 124. 1919.Sinapistrum arvense (Linnaeus), var. brevirostre Spach 1838; Sinapis kaber de Candolle 1821. 
Sinapis arvensis var. cupaniana Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. cupaniana Todaro ex Lojacono, Malpighia 20: 118. 1906.  
Sinapis arvensis var. dasycarpa Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. dasycarpa Neilreich, Fl. Wien 496. 1846.  
Sinapis arvensis var. desertorum Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. desertorum Schur, Enum. Pl. Trannsilv. 59. 1866.  
Sinapis arvensis var. divaricata Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. divaricata O. E. Schulz ex Thellung, in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 4: 265. 1918. EAST GERMANY: Potsdam,
Sinapis arvensis var. hispidula Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. hispidula Petermann, Fl. Lips. Excurs. 494. 1838.  
Sinapis arvensis var. latirostris Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. latirostris Petermann, Deutschl. Fl. 39. 1846.  
Sinapis arvensis var. leiocarpa Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. leiocarpa Gaudin, Syn. Fl. Helv. 570. 1836, nom. inadmiss.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis arvensis var. media Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. media Acloque, Fl. France 82. 1894.  
Sinapis arvensis var. nilotica Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. nilotica O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 124. 1919. EGYPT
Sinapis arvensis var. orientalis Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. orientalis (Linnaeus) W. D. J. Koch & Ziz, Cat. Pl. 12. 1814.Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Sinapis arvensis var. pinnatifida Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. pinnatifida Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 478. 1812, nom. inadmiss.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis arvensis var. psilocarpa Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. psilocarpa Neilreich, Fl. Wien 496. 1846, nom. inadmiss.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis arvensis var. raphanifolia Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. raphanifolia Murr, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 43: 176. 1893.  
Sinapis arvensis var. retrohirsuta Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. retrohirsuta Babington, Prim. Fl. Sarnicae 9. 1839. ENGLAND
Sinapis arvensis var. retrohispida Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. retrohispida (Boreau) Lamotte, Prodr. Fl. Plat. Centr. 86. 1876.Sinapis retrohispida Boreau 1874. 
Sinapis arvensis var. schkuhriana Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. schkuhriana (Reichenbach) Hagenbach, Tent. Fl. Basil., Suppl. 138. 1843.Sinapis schkuhriana Reichenbach 1837. 
Sinapis arvensis var. stricta Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. stricta Celakovsky, Prodr. Fl. Boehmen 470. 1875. CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Sinapis arvensis var. tenuirostris Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. tenuirostris Petermann, Deutschl. Fl. 39. 1846, nom. illegit.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. schkuhriana (Reichenbach) Hagenbach 1843; Sinapis schkuhriana Reichenbach 1837. 
Sinapis arvensis var. torulosa Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. torulosa F. Gerard, Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 8: 57. 1892.  
Sinapis arvensis var. trivialis Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. trivialis Trautvetter, Trudy Imp. S.- Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 410. 1878.  
Sinapis arvensis var. typica Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. typica Lindemann, Prodr. Fl. Cherson. 23. 1872, nom. inadmiss.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis arvensis var. vera Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. vera Babington, Prim. Fl. Sarnicae 8. 1839, nom. inadmiss.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis arvensis var. villosa Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. villosa (Merat) Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot. 61. 1869.Sinapis villosa Merat 1812. 
Sinapis arvensis var. vulgaris Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. vulgaris Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 3. 499. 1864, nom. inadmiss.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis atrichocarpa Sinapis atrichocarpa Borbás, Magyar Bot. Lapok 2(5): 145. 1903.  
Sinapis brassicifolia Sinapis brassicifolia Zimmeter ex Thellung, in Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 4: 266. 1918.  
Sinapis kaber Sinapis kaber de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 617. 1821. IRAN
Sinapis nigra var. villosa Sinapis nigra Linnaeus, var. villosa (Merat) de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 608. 1821.Sinapis villosa Merat 1812. 
Sinapis orientalis Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus, Cent. Pl. 1: 19. 1755. Without data (lectotype: LINN 845.3). Lectotypified by Hedge in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 51: 535. 2002.
Sinapis retrohispida Sinapis retrohispida Boreau, Bull. Soc. Dauphin. Echange Pl. 1: 14. 1874.  
Sinapis schkuhriana Sinapis schkuhriana Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 2: 20, t. 83(4425). 1837. EAST GERMANY: Dresden,
Sinapis schlosseri Sinapis schlosseri Heuffel, in Schlosser & Vukotinovic, Syll. Fl. Croat. 163. 1857.  
Sinapis villosa Sinapis villosa Merat de Vaumartoise, Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris 265. 1812. FRANCE
Sinapistrum arvense Sinapistrum arvense (Linnaeus) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 345. 1838.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapistrum arvense var. brevirostre Sinapistrum arvense (Linnaeus) Spach, var. brevirostre Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 346. 1838.Sinapis kaber de Candolle 1821. 
Sinapistrum arvense var. longirostre Sinapistrum arvense (Linnaeus) Spach, var. longirostre Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 346. 1838, nom. illegit.Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus, var. orientalis (Linnaeus) W. D. J. Koch & Ziz 1814; Sinapis orientalis Linnaeus 1755. 
Sinapistrum arvense var. vulgaris Sinapistrum arvense (Linnaeus) Spach, var. vulgaris Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 345. 1838, nom. inadmiss.Sinapistrum arvense (Linnaeus) Spach 1838; Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Elmore, Lee, Limestone, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU118346 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17796
JSU
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
JSU118343 Blount 29 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
278
JSU
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
USAM000003133 Mobile 18 Mar 1968 B. E. Wofford
10307
USAM
Brassica kaber (DC.) Wheeler
TROY000003355 Monroe 08 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92131
TROY
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
JSU118344 Blount 29 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2976
JSU
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
UNA00012573 Tuscaloosa _ May 1875 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C. Wheeler
JSU118348 Marshall 20 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2768
JSU
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
JSU118345 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9576
JSU
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
18797AUA_ACC Lee 30 MAY 1970 EVANS, R. W.
190
AUA
SINAPIS ARVENSIS L.
TROY000039001 Montgomery 20 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25001
TROY
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
USAM000003134 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7461
USAM
Brassica kaber (DC.) Wheeler
UWAL0016149 Montgomery 20 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25001
UWAL
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
UNA00012429 Mobile 26 May 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C. Wheeler
AMAL00016647 Lee 12 Mar 2005 R. Kral
95959
AMAL
Sinapis arvensis L.
JSU118347 Marshall 21 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1800
JSU
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
USAM000003132 Mobile 18 Mar 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4206
USAM
Brassica kaber (DC.) Wheeler
UNA00025455 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 1994 Jeannette Rohl
9.4033E+08
UNA
Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C. Wheeler
JSU118349 Marshall 20 May 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2768
JSU
Sinapis arvensis Linnaeus
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