Croomia pauciflora

Family:STEMONACEAE
Species:Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
Common Name:Croomia
Habitat:Rich mesic beech hardwood forests.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Croomia is a native herbaceous perennial in the Stemona family (Stemonaceae). It is found in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. In Alabama Croomia is found primarily in the central third of the state. It occurs in rich hardwood forest, on steep hardwood slopes, in ravines, and near streams. Croomia forms extensive colonies from elongate rhizomes. The erect stems are 8-12 inches in height, green in color, and glabrous. There are 3-6 distichous (2-ranked) leaves near the apex of the stem. The leaves are petiolate, alternate, cordate to elliptic in outline, with scabrous margins. The leaves are glabrous and have palmate venation. Flowers are produced in axillary cymes of 2-3 flowers. Each flower has 4 greenish yellow tepals marked with purple towards their base. The flower has 4 stamens with short thick purple filaments and orange anthers. The fruit is a 1-4 seeded capsule. Croomia is listed as a S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G3 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G3 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySTEMONACEAE - Stemona family
Genus Croomia
Species Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey - Croomia

Citation

Citation CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (Nuttall) Torrey, in Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 663. 1840.
Basionym: Cissampelos pauciflora Nuttall 1834.
Type: FLORIDA: Liberty Co.: Wooded bluffs along the river at Torreya State Park, 16 Mar 1961, Godfrey 60614 (neotype: FSU; isoneotypes: BH, DUKE, GA 2 shts, NCU, SMU, TENN 2 shts, US). Neotypified by Whetstone, Rhodora 86: 132. 1984.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cissampelos pauciflora Cissampelos pauciflora Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 114. 1834. FLORIDA: Liberty Co.: Wooded bluffs along the river at Torreya State Park, 16 Mar 1961, Godfrey 60614 (neotype: FSU; isoneotypes: BH, DUKE, GA 2 shts, NCU, SMU, TENN 2 shts, US). Neotypified by Whetstone, Rhodora 86: 132. 1984.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Chambers, Chilton, Conecuh, Coosa, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Henry, Lowndes, Macon, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
60365 Shelby 12 APR 1998 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1608
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UNA00008192 Etowah 17 Apr 1971 Fred K. Hoener
s.n.
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0005661 Butler 13 Apr 2011 Webb, Wayne
s.n.
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
16787 Tallapoosa 17 APR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0005133 Tuscaloosa 05 Apr 2006 Skinner, Angie
0061
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0005127 Autauga 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5267
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
49818 Pike 26 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5761
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0005514 Pike 15 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21903
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
49578 Russell 18 AUG 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5371
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0018515 Lowndes 22 May 1993 Kral, R.
82470
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torrey
AMAL00002063 Monroe 26 Mar 2000 R. Kral
89240
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UNA00064009 Chilton 30 Jul 2003 Alfred Schotz
1908
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
TROY000013100 Henry 26 May 1999 John R. MacDonald
12868
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000027645 Tuscaloosa 05 Apr 2003 Brian R. Keener
2522
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
29810 Chilton 17 APR 1976 MCDOWELL, C. S.
036
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
JSU110521 Etowah 23 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1197
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000035535 Bullock 10 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
661
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
AMAL00014875 Chilton 30 Jul 2003 Alfred Schotz
1908
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UNA00008177 Tuscaloosa 12 Apr 1933 Roland M. Harper
3038
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UNA00028623 Autauga 25 Jun 1995 Robert R. Haynes
9544
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0015582 Lowndes 16 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8341
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
58678 Etowah 14 APR 1967 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
545
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
JSU110524 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4617
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
JSU110523 Shelby 12 Apr 1998 Alfred Schotz
1608
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UWAL0005129 Etowah 11 Apr 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5158
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
71998 Chambers 10 MAY 2007 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
2053
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UNA00008182 Tuscaloosa _ Apr 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0002040 Lowndes 04 Jun 2010 Webb, Wayne
s.n.
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
70490 Autauga 13 MAY 2009 KEENER, BRIAN R.
5267
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
TROY000039553 Macon 29 Jun 2012 Robert Pullen
157
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000032260 Autauga 13 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5267
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000032884 Pike 15 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21903
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000013102 Pike 22 Apr 1997 Tiffany Pennington
12
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
49880 Autauga 15 APR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5798
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
TROY000032369 Butler 13 Apr 2011 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UNA00060733 Lowndes 25 Apr 2000 Alfred Schotz
1775
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
TROY000013099 Barbour 24 Apr 1999 John R. MacDonald
12718
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
66719 Lowndes 25 APR 2000 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1775
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UNA00008157 Tuscaloosa 10 May 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1680
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0038314 Monroe 10 Apr 1970 Wofford, B. Eugene
10424
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UNA00058133 Tuscaloosa 5 Apr 2003 Brian R. Keener
2522
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
25555 Etowah 13 APR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34298
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0034541 Montgomery 07 Oct 1974 Kral, R.
54471
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Rott
AMAL00021700 Lowndes 16 Apr 2014 Brian R. Keener
8341
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UWAL0011018 Elmore 17 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23099
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
43436 Conecuh 3 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1760
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0011423 Bullock 10 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0661
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
51012 Bullock 20 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6724
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
AMAL00011289 Tallapoosa 19 Apr 2006 T. Wayne Barger
1
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
TROY000035304 Elmore 17 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23099
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
AMAL00006541 Elmore 21 May 2011 Eric C. Soehren
116
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
35141 Autauga 2 MAY 1979 TEAFORD, J.
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
56730 Autauga 12 MAY 1996 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1378
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UNA00056773 Bibb 10 Apr 1992 James R. Allison
6343
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0018540 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
81987
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torrey
25730 Monroe 11 APR 1964 KRAL, ROBERT
19720
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0034903 Etowah 06 May 1984 Kral, R.
71274
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0005130 Monroe 14 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5309
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
43326 Monroe 3 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1708
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0005132 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5128
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
49926 Monroe 19 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5732
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0017917 DeKalb 24 Apr 1978 Kral, R.
61603
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
SAMF0000528 Etowah 29 Apr 2008 Davenport, L. J.
3799
SAMF
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UNA00045855 St. Clair 12 Apr 1998 Brian R. Keener
595
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
TROY000013103 Pike 22 Apr 1997 Lea Ann Irwin
1
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000034974 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22952
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
37058 Monroe 13 MAY 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
148
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
JSU110520 Etowah 7 May 1995 L. M. Hodge
4219
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UWAL0009821 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7088
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UNA00008187 DeKalb 29 May 1942 Roland M. Harper
3885
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
USAM000014843 Monroe 16 May 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7086
USAM
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
AMAL00004970 Henry 13 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13000
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000038262 Butler 02 Apr 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23885
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
JSU110525 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4617
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UNA00057113 Henry 13 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13000
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
53982 Russell 18 AUG 1988 ALLISON, JAMES R.
3418
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0005131 St. Clair 12 Apr 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5160
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UNA00008162 Tuscaloosa 8 Apr 1985 Charles N. Horn
677
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
JSU110522 Etowah 12 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1093
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UNA00008172 Tuscaloosa 22 May 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2094
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
AMAL00014864 Chambers 10 May 2007 Alfred Schotz
2053
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
JSU110526 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8058
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
UNA00008167 Autauga 16 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7732
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0010763 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22952
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
49281 Pike 9 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4729
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
JSU110527 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4617
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
51079 Bullock 20 MAR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6734
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UWAL0005128 Etowah 29 Apr 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3799
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
AMAL00002064 Tuscaloosa 05 Apr 2003 Brian R. Keener
2522
AMAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
57490 Wilcox 3 APR 1966 SAMEJIMA, J.
1051
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
UNA00008152 Coosa 15 Apr 1977 Denise Harvey
171
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UWAL0005437 Autauga 02 May 1979 Teaford, J.
s.n.
UWAL
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
UNA00059041 St. Clair 8 Jun 2002 S. Vanderplank
26085
UNA
Croomia pauciflora (Nutt.) Torr.
USAM000014844 Monroe 16 May 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7086
USAM
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
USAM000014845 Monroe 10 Apr 1970 B. Eugene Wofford
10424
USAM
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000032646 Pike 30 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22171
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
50597 Pike 14 MAY 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5894
AUA
CROOMIA PAUCIFLORA (NUTT.) TORR.
TROY000031562 Lowndes 04 Jun 2010 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
JSU110519 Chilton 9 Apr 1984 R. D. Whetstone
15013
JSU
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
TROY000013101 Henry 13 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13000
TROY
Croomia pauciflora (Nuttall) Torrey
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