Smilax smallii

Family:SMILACACEAE
Species:Smilax smallii Morong
Common Name:Lance Leaf Greenbrier; Small's Greenbrier; Jackson Brier
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SMSM
Plant Notes: Jackson Brier is a native evergreen perennial vine in the Greenbrier family (Smilacaceae). It is found in the southern two-thirds of Alabama. Jackson Brier occurs in a variety of habitat types. It has alternate entire lanceolate to ovate leaves. The leaves are often held upright along the stem. The stems can be quite large in diameter, often as large as your thumb or larger. They are armed with prickles, but these are mostly confined to areas near the base. Stems can reach a length of sixty feet or more, and you often first notice this plant in the winter in the tops of deciduous trees. It climbs by tendrils. The root is a large tuberous rhizome. In the spring umbels of yellowish green flowers are produced. These are followed by red, purple, or black fruit. The fruit are consumed by many species of birds and small mammals. The emerging shoots look similar to Asparagus and can be cooked and eaten in the same manner. As a child we would collect Jackson Brier for Christmas decorations. Large amounts were collected and dried, then sent north from Evergreen Alabama for natural decorations. Jackson Brier is available from some native plant nurseries. It grows best in full sun and will need a trellis or some support to climb on. --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySMILACACEAE - Greeenbrier family
Genus Smilax
Species Smilax smallii Morong - Lance Leaf Greenbrier; Small's Greenbrier; Jackson Brier

Citation

Citation SMILAX SMALLII Morong, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 430. 1894.
Basionym: **
Type: GEORGIA: DeKalb Co.: Stone Mountain, 17 Jul 1893, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Smilax cinnamomifolia Smilax cinnamomifolia Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 608. 1898. ARKANSAS: Lafayette Co.: Spirit Lake, 18 Aug 1898, Heller & Heller 4109 (holotype: NY; isotypes: GH, NY).
Smilax ovata Smilax ovata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 249. 1814, non Saint-Hilaire 1800. GEORGIA: Chatham Co.: Near Savannah, s.d., Enslen s.n. (holotype: ?).
Smilax lanceolata    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1881 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000042055 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26151
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00019375 Marengo 1 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1256
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00070477 Monroe 08 Apr 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-172
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000031544 Sumter 29 Jun 1981 Henderson, T.
245
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_43920 Conecuh 17 Aug 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1526
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00067162 Choctaw 23 Mar 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
115
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000038320 Bullock 22 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
298
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00016213 Houston 1 Jan 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14932
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00008398 Macon 08 May 1881 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000048816 Autauga 07 Aug 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1750
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_44516 Lee 29 Oct 1975 Willis, Stephen F.
164
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_9338 Lee 25 Apr 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
418
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0047965 Barbour 06 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10698
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
ALNHS00000825 Monroe 08 Apr 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-172
ALNHS
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_63375 Pike 31 Dec 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14275
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00050264 Lowndes 9 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14128
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_51345 Dale 25 May 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7388
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0005119 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1256
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103410 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 Radford, Albert E.
7160
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000026947 Barbour 03 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19535
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0048172 Monroe 16 Jan 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27758
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013067 Houston 01 Jan 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14932
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00013543 Macon 30 Jun 1977 Pendergrass, Levester
5
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0046779 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
324
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000031559 Butler 21 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21469
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000027638 Elmore 26 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16133
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00064395 Houston 01 Jan 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14932
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103409 Etowah 20 Oct 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13803
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_21205 Lee 15 Jul 1970 Morris, Kermit
27
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU146227 Cleburne 15 Jul 1996 Hutchinson, Francine
2402
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_48585 Bullock 4 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4146
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0016224 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23656
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00059230 Pickens 1 Jul 1880 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00002057 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2487
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0034935 Blount 23 Mar 2013 Anderson, Kelly
145
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013064 Dale 20 Jun 1999 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0005117 Blount 01 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1372
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013070 Pike 14 May 2000 Hall, James A.
69
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000039182 Henry 13 Jan 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23656
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_48107 Pike 14 Jun 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4059
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00057652 Bibb 08 Oct 2000 Allison, James R.
12577
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00008380 Pike 31 Dec 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14275
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0046737 Autauga 11 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
306
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000050570 Morgan 22 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10760
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013062 Conecuh 29 Dec 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12257
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00008309 Mobile 18 May 1888 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
USAM000014679 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7596
USAM
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_37124 Monroe 22 Apr 1981 O'Halloran, K.
082
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
ALNHS00003231 Houston 21 Jan 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
DTP-26
ALNHS
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_48183 Barbour 3 Nov 1980 Jackson, Mike
101
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0047942 Russell 06 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10723
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103413 Lee 26 Mar 1973 Mason, Janet
009
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_55414 Crenshaw 29 Jan 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
9479
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00008319 Tuscaloosa 05 May 1980 Lentz, David L.
151
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00019625 Monroe 8 Apr 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
172
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103404 Chilton 01 Apr 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1591
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013075 Pike 22 Apr 1989 Norris, Scott
s.n.
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000027637 Bibb 13 May 2003 Woods, Michael
9728
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_53399 Jackson 19 Sep 1991 Gunn, Scott C.
2087
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103415 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18424
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000044726 Autauga 24 Jan 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
324
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00019338 Elmore 26 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16133
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103403 Cherokee 22 Sep 1999 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10713
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000052111 Lowndes 17 Jun 2021 Diamond, Alvin R.
29643
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_58184 Tallapoosa 2 May 1998 Tyler, Patricia J.
TYLER209
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00056923 Coffee 26 Dec 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12483
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013073 Pike 22 Jun 1996 Holmes, Jeanese
202
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0048004 Cherokee 27 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10836
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA000041572 Bullock 20 Jun 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
WLE8
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0037777 Geneva 22 Sep 1996 Sorrie, Bruce A.
9031
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013066 Henry 14 Jul 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13476
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_21204 Macon 10 Jul 1970 Hopson, George R.
0066
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103412 Lee 30 Mar 1968 Brown, Dickie
s.n.
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_51349 Dale 9 Jun 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7426
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
SAMF0003108 Jefferson 19 Aug 2006 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3543
SAMF
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_51529 Coffee 27 Jul 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6152
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
TROY000045592 Autauga 11 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
306
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0018767 Cherokee 16 Aug 1997 Kral, Robert
87226
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00002056 Henry 31 Mar 2000 Kral, Robert
89302
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0047936 Russell 06 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10730
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
USAM000014680 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3218
USAM
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000026039 Macon 30 Jun 1977 Pendergrass
5
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0050630 Lee 26 Mar 1973 Villadsen, Martha
15
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103418 Shelby 20 May 1993 Whetstone, R. David
2975
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_47485 Russell 26 Jun 1981 Gates, William R.
11
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00058476 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2487
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000028312 Marengo 01 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1256
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0001717 Pike 12 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21460
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00008304 Mobile _ Oct _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000039696 Montgomery 13 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25299
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0048259 Morgan 22 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10760
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013068 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17149
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0005118 Choctaw 23 Mar 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
115
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013071 Pike Holmes, Jeanese
119
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_47229 Monroe 4 Jul 1981 Tucker, S.
11
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00008314 Tuscaloosa 09 May 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2052
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013065 Dale 01 Jul 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
261
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_73226 Bibb 23 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13925
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103402 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11496
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00020497 Calhoun 22 Oct 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3402
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0010715 Pike 05 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22736
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103406 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18830
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000036008 Barbour 22 Jun 2012 Minton, Eric W.
38
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0017977 Covington 21 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25535
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00050684 Dale 08 Apr 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10226
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013072 Pike 22 Jun 2006 Holmes, Jeanese
211
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0045622 Madison 02 Aug 2019 Finzel, Brian
s.n.
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0015752 Montgomery 12 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25299
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00065708 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17149
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000034058 Covington 29 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22777
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_27153 Chambers 8 Apr 1975 Rutland, David W.
098
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103414 Lowndes 09 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14128
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000027636 Bibb 23 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13925
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_69755 Covington 19 Jun 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3293
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_54021 Pike 1 Jan 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
8997
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103416 Monroe 02 Nov 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19126
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0037690 Mobile 16 May 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3180
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
SAMF0007623 Calhoun 07 Mar 2021 Thompson, Madelyn
17
SAMF
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA000032672 Covington 23 Jun 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4748
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00008319 Tuscaloosa 5 May 1980 Lentz, David L.
151
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0017600 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26151
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103417 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
629
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000026948 Choctaw 23 Mar 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
115
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_53464 Jackson 10 Apr 1991 Gunn, Scott C.
1925
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103408 Etowah 26 Jun 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2749
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000044328 Monroe 16 Jan 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27758
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00012722 Choctaw 23 Mar 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
115
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00008324 Clarke _ Oct 1852 Denny, Dr. T.
s.n.
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000027639 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2487
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00013272 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17149
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00060439 Mobile 05 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8115
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013074 Pike 03 Dec 1995 Holmes, Jeanese
115
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0050629 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 Beavers, Donna
s.n.
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong.
AUA_ACC_66710 Barbour 26 Sep 2001 Schotz, Alfred
1863
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0049376 Bullock 30 Apr 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3852
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_46247 Sumter 29 Jun 1981 Henderson, T.
245
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103411 Lee 30 Mar 1968 Brown, Dickie
s.n.
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_64554 Houston 1 Jan 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
14932
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
JSU103407 Elmore 31 Mar 1983 Whetstone, R. David
12982
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
SAMF0001437 Jefferson 19 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5152
SAMF
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_66889 Elmore 26 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16133
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0043739 Baldwin 28 Jun 2003 Larsen, Harry S.
379
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
ALNHS00003916 DeKalb 8 Mar 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
DLR-26
ALNHS
Smilax smallii Morong
USAM000014681 Mobile 16 May 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3180
USAM
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_44517 Autauga 11 Oct 1975 Dupree, W.G.
105
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0030991 Henry 16 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26604
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103405 Chilton 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11552
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
AMAL00019605 Dallas 07 Jul 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
314
AMAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0010099 Covington 29 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22777
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013063 Dale 08 May 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
152
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0048260 Lawrence 19 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10765
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
JSU103401 Calhoun 20 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11496
JSU
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013061 Coffee 01 Dec 2000 Martin, Brian H.
1016
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0001709 Butler 21 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21469
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00061326 Barbour 26 Sep 2001 Schotz, Alfred
1863
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_48584 Pike 2 Mar 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4137
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UWAL0047873 Winston 02 Apr 2020 England, J. Kevin
10839
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
SAMF0003252 Pike 12 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21460
SAMF
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0015685 Elmore 11 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24454
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UNA00062243 Pike 31 Dec 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14275
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000013069 Pike 31 Dec 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14275
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0014975 Bullock 22 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
298
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
UWAL0053296 Jefferson 01 Jul 2019 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15935
UWAL
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000041910 Covington 21 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25535
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_23148 Russell 12 Aug 1971 Strait, Dan B.
169
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
UNA00064843 Blount 01 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1372
UNA
Smilax smallii Morong
TROY000038344 Elmore 11 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24454
TROY
Smilax smallii Morong
AUA_ACC_17367 Chambers 11 Jul 1969 Ellis, H.C.
166
AUA
Smilax Smallii Morong
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