Smilax pumila

Family:SMILACACEAE
Species:Smilax pumila Walter
Common Name:Dwarf Greenbrier; Hairy Greenbrier; Sarsaparilla Vine
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SMPU
Plant Notes:Dwarf Greenbrier is a perennial evergreen sub-shrub or vine in the Greeenbrier family (Smilacaceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. Dwarf Greenbrier grows in dry, often sandy or rocky woods. It is a perennial from knotty, black rhizomes. Stems are woody, erect or climbing by tendrils, and wooly pubescent. Stems have sparse prickles, mostly towards the base. Leaves are alternate, short petiolate, thick, and evergreen. The leaves are obovate to oblanceolate in outline with entire margins and 3 prominent veins. The leaves are glabrous above and densely pubescent below. Flowers are produced in umbels from the axils of the upper leaves. Flowers are yellowish-green in color. The fruit is a red or orange berry. Dwarf Greenbrier is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It makes and excellent ground cover for dry areas and under trees where few other plants will grow.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySMILACACEAE - Greeenbrier family
Genus Smilax
Species Smilax pumila Walter - Dwarf Greenbrier; Hairy Greenbrier; Sarsaparilla Vine

Citation

Citation SMILAX PUMILA Walter, Fl. Carol. 244. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: County road 0.4 mi. E of US 21, 11 Oct 1956, Ahles 20939 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: GA). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 483. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Smilax humilis Smilax humilis Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768, nom. rej. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina 1: t. 47. 1730). Lectotypified by Reveal, Taxon 49: 297. 2000.
Smilax pubera Smilax pubera Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 238. 1803.  
Smilax puberula Smilax puberula Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 193. 1850, nom. illegit.Smilax pubera Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Butler, Choctaw, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1944 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000044941 Monroe 10 Jan 2017 Diamond, Alvin R.
27750
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
UWAL0047945 Russell 06 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10720
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000013040 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16421
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_59499 Pike 1999 Martin, Brian
96
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
UNA00008273 Baldwin 13 Oct 1963 McDaniel, Sidney
3919
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
UNA00056358 Coffee 02 Jan 1999 MacDonald, John R.
12517
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_61390 Choctaw 1995 Crouch, Virginia E.
1404
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
TROY000045598 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
280
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
AMAL00016439 Butler 21 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17104
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_37362 Lee 9 Nov 1981 Henderson, T.
779
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
TROY000028738 Sumter 17 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4874
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_41570 Baldwin 21 Oct 1973 Wright, D.
178
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AMAL00019640 Monroe 1 Mar 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
17
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walter
UNA00008278 Hale 11 Dec 1965 Williams, Norris H.
160
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
USAM000014668 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3237.2
USAM
Smilax pumila Walter
UNA00008298 Baldwin 13 Mar 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
26
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_23780 Lee 8 Apr 1971 Donovan, Lois A.
101
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_46532 Escambia 22 Oct 1982 Kuhns, Michael R.
88
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_35833 Bibb 2 Oct 1979 Beckett, Scott W.
324
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
JSU102633 Mobile 14 Oct 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4604
JSU
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000013039 Covington 14 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16127
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000042859 Houston 04 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26445
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_52533 Pike 17 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7986
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
UWAL0005116 Monroe 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4825
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_69781 Covington 20 Jun 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3387
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
UNA00008283 Hale 03 Mar 1963 Deramus, Rebecca
255
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
AMAL00019546 Monroe 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4825
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000013037 Coffee 28 Sep 2006 Roberts, Carla
90
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
UNA00008214 Tuscaloosa 30 Sep 1944 Harper, Roland M.
3985
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
TROY000013038 Coffee 25 Apr 2000 Martin, Brian H.
622
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_37729 Monroe 13 Oct 1982 Henderson, T.
748
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_41364 Conecuh 16 Dec 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1957
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_69334 Covington 15 Apr 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
3679
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_52706 Crenshaw 26 Dec 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
7199
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_21207 Macon 4 Apr 1970 Ward, L.A.
019
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
TROY000013045 Monroe 10 Mar 2002 Kral, Robert
92143
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
JSU102631 Baldwin 21 Oct 1973 Pringle, G.
185
JSU
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000046950 Mobile 09 Nov 1967 Scott, D.L.
4080
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
UWAL0037874 Mobile 05 Oct 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3826
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walt.
TROY000049822 Geneva 09 Sep 2016 Byrd, Cameron
87
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_53096 Dale 29 Nov 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7856
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AMAL00006969 Lee 11 Oct 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1248
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walt.
JSU102634 Monroe 01 Nov 1997 Whetstone, R. David
19063
JSU
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000013046 Pike 05 May 1999 Martin, Brian H.
96
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
UWAL0046736 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
280
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000013042 Dale 14 Sep 2000 Pennington, Tiffany
966
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
USAM000014669 Mobile 01 Mar 1968 Wofford, B. Eugene
10282
USAM
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_44518 Tallapoosa 25 Oct 1975 Dupree, W.G.
124
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_1835 Lee 28 Mar 1955 Sledge, Eugene B.
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_40367 Pike 31 Mar 1973 Botts, Daniel A.
017
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
JSU102630 Baldwin 23 Jun 1984 Whetstone, R. David
14273
JSU
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_7501 Lee 1920 Johnstone, George R.
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AMAL00015007 Dallas 23 May 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12615
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walter
AMAL00012078 Henry 12 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62927
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walter
UNA00008263 Mobile _ Sep _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
TROY000013043 Dale 11 Nov 1998 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
SAMF0007132 Mobile 27 Feb 1969 Scott, D.L.
255
SAMF
Smilax pumila Walter
USAM000014670 Mobile 01 Mar 1968 Wofford, B. Eugene
10282
USAM
Smilax pumila Walter
UWAL0038530 Mobile 27 Feb 1969 Scott, D.L.
255
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walt.
UWAL0011276 Marengo 08 Aug 2012 England, J. Kevin
3899
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_41252 Escambia 28 Nov 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1890
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA000037869 Covington 24 Oct 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5293
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_66085 Covington 14 Jan 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16127
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
ALNHS00001595 Monroe 01 Mar 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-17
ALNHS
Smilax pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_15232 Elmore 30 Mar 1969 Hall, William G.
028
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_72678 Baldwin 10 Oct 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-57
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AMAL00014561 Tallapoosa 26 Sep 2006 Barger, T. Wayne
408
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000013036 Butler 21 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17104
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
JSU102632 Lee 05 Apr 1973 Ponder, William
072
JSU
Smilax pumila Walter
TROY000013041 Dale 15 Feb 1998 Rundell, Hannelore
488
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
UWAL0043737 Baldwin 20 Jul 2000 Larsen, Harry S.
418
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_44986 Monroe 29 Nov 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2954
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
UNA00008268 Lee _ May 1896 Earle, Franklin S.
s.n.
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
TROY000028520 Dallas 23 May 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12615
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
UNA00008288 Russell 03 Apr 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7682
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
TROY000013044 Henry 12 Oct 1978 Kral, Robert
62927
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
AUA_ACC_40359 Baldwin 15 Apr 1973 Mason, Janet
130
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
UNA00008293 Washington 07 Oct 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
9914
UNA
Smilax pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_52189 Covington 9 Jun 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8327
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AUA_ACC_44048 Conecuh 19 Sep 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
AUA
Smilax Pumila Walt.
AMAL00011807 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16421
AMAL
Smilax pumila Walter
UWAL0005115 Sumter 17 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4874
UWAL
Smilax pumila Walt.
TROY000033224 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Dykes, Bailee
111
TROY
Smilax pumila Walter
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