Smilax laurifolia

Family:SMILACACEAE
Species:Smilax laurifolia L.
Common Name:Laurel Leaf Greenbrier; Bamboo Vine; Blaspheme Vine
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SMLA
Plant Notes:Laurel Leaf Greenbrier is a native perennial evergreen vine in the Greeenbrier family (Smilacaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama. Laurel Leaf Greenbrier grows in swamps, in bogs, along the margins of ponds and lakes, and in wet woods. It is a perennial from a large woody tuber. Stems climb by tendrils. The stems are glabrous, 20-30 feet in length, and armed with dark prickles. The stems are at first green in color and become black with age. Leaves are lance elliptic in outline, entire, glabrous or minutely pubescent on the lower surface, and rounded at the base. The leaves are thick and leathery in texture and the margins are sometimes revolute. Flowers are produced in umbels from the axils of the leaves. The umbels are on peduncles that are shorter than the leaf. Flowers are yellow-green in color and have 6 tepals. The fruit is a shiny black berry. Laurel Leaf Greenbrier is the largest species of Smilax occurring in Alabama. The young, tender stems of Laurel Leaf Greenbrier can be cooked and eaten like asparagus or chopped and added to salads.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySMILACACEAE - Greeenbrier family
Genus Smilax
Species Smilax laurifolia L. - Laurel Leaf Greenbrier; Bamboo Vine; Blaspheme Vine

Citation

Citation Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1030. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: USA: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 617 (lectotype: LINN 1182.9). Lectotypified by J.L. Reveal, in C.E. Jarvis, Order out of Chaos 858. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Smilax alba Smilax alba Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 250. 1814. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, s.d., Walter s.n. (holotype: BM?).
Smilax hastata var. lanceolata Smilax hastata Jacquin, var. lanceolata (Linnaeus) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 249. 1814.Smilax lanceolata Linnaeus 1753. 
Smilax lanceolata Smilax lanceolata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1031. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Herb. Clifford 459, Smilax no. 2B (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Ferrufino Acosta & Greuter, Taxon 59: 287. 2010.
Smilax laurifolia var. bupleurifolia Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus, var. bupleurifolia Alph. de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 1: 99. 1878. "Carolina"
Smilax megacarpa Smilax megacarpa Morong, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 434. 1894, non Alph. de Candolle 1878. TYPE: FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Without locality, 11 Feb 1882, Smith s.n. (holotype: ?).
Smilax morongii Smilax morongii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 605. 1898.Smilax megacarpa Morong 1894, non Alph. de Candolle 1878. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Houston, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 1994

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0005113 Limestone 04 May 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3595
UWAL
Smilax lauifolia L.
JSU102611 Cherokee 17 Jun 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15123
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
USAM000014664 Mobile 11 Aug 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3540.2
USAM
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0010528 Montgomery 22 Nov 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21714
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102629 Washington 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18737
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000033995 Montgomery 22 Nov 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21714
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_37580 Baldwin 15 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
537
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
TROY000013029 Dale 23 Feb 1999 Rundell, Hannelore
690
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0016118 Crenshaw 04 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24716
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65898 Conecuh 10 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16513
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
TROY000035556 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
958
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0034973 Blount 25 Jul 2014 Anderson, Kelly
625
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia L.
JSU102614 Clay 13 Aug 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9957
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_41362 Escambia 14 Sep 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
1938
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102609 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11762
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00017263 Marengo 3 Dec 2008 England, J. Kevin
1557
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102619 Etowah 08 Mar 1994 Whetstone, R. David
3470
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_21203 Lee 8 Aug 1970 Morris, Kermit
114
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102621 Mobile 16 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2632
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_52284 Pike 2 Jan 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9002
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102622 Randolph 15 May 1983 Nixon, Christopher F.
212
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
SAMF0006958 Mobile 12 Apr 2003 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2822
SAMF
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_65658 Crenshaw 29 Dec 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14929
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU154133 Escambia 29 Mar 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
1255
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000028789 Cherokee 22 May 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
107
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA000031600 Covington 5 May 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5013
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
UNA00008201 Houston 02 Sep 1988 Burckhalter, Robert
1488
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013022 Coffee 27 Aug 1999 Martin, Brian H.
130
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_45102 Mobile 11 Apr 1986 Malo, Lorne K.
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102624 Randolph 16 Apr 1967 Collier, Gary
s.n.
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000013023 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Martin, Brian H.
831
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102608 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4262
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000046646 Covington 05 May 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5013
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102616 Clay 13 Mar 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3469
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102617 Cleburne 04 May 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
690
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00009517 Conecuh 10 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16513
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008117 Pickens 16 Sep 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
9765
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
AMAL00012948 Greene 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3014
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0034978 Morgan 19 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
8028
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
USAM000014662 Baldwin 23 Aug 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8622
USAM
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_17369 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Rebois, R.V.
103
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
UNA00008259 Tuscaloosa 06 Dec 1988 Burckhalter, Robert
1533
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013030 Escambia 12 Nov 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18643
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008112 Baldwin 13 Mar 1979 Wiersema, John H.
506
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
AUA_ACC_61843 Choctaw 23 Aug 1995 Crouch, Virginia E.
1466
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
UNA00064314 Crenshaw 29 Dec 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14929
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013033 Pike 17 Mar 2000 Hall, James A.
185
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0052487 Baldwin 23 Jan 1971 Dean, Blanche E.
355-1
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia
TROY000013025 Crenshaw 29 Dec 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14929
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0005111 Escambia 12 Nov 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18643
UWAL
Smilax lauifolia L.
UWAL0046789 Autauga 31 Jan 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
345
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000013031 Pike 23 Feb 1996 Holmes, Jeanese
125
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008102 Mobile 18 Nov 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6991
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000044760 Autauga 31 Jan 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
345
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA000038296 Morgan 19 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
8028
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
TROY000013027 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11740
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0005110 Butler 06 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19403
UWAL
Smilax lauifolia L.
UWAL0011474 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
958
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000028115 Marengo 03 Dec 2008 England, J. Kevin
1557
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0039889 Geneva 10 Nov 2016 Byrd, Cameron
597
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102627 Shelby 21 Jul 1999 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10669
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_50639 Dale 16 Aug 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7672
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
USAM000014665 Mobile 18 Mar 1969 Wofford, B. Eugene
264
USAM
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00020494 Calhoun 30 Oct 1993 Hodge, Lesley M.
718
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00064960 Greene 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3014
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000027631 Limestone 04 May 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3595
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008229 Barbour 26 Sep 1976 Haynes, Robert R.
6002
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013028 Dale 09 Nov 1999 Pennington, Tiffany
304
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0016122 Pike 07 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24721
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00020944 Mobile 22 Nov 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2767
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0005112 Greene 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3014
UWAL
Smilax lauifolia L.
USAM000014666 Baldwin 08 Jul 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
4119
USAM
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008224 Hale 07 Sep 1952 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013032 Pike 20 May 1989 Hughes, Michelle
37
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0052486 Coosa 01 Apr 1972 Dean, Blanche E.
395
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia
AUA_ACC_52870 Bibb 17 Oct 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8908
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
USAM000014667 Mobile 18 Mar 1969 Wofford, B. Eugene
264
USAM
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_40438 Clarke 5 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41105
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
AUA_ACC_44520 Autauga 25 Oct 1975 Willis, Stephen F.
156
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102612 Cherokee 16 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12388
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
USAM000014663 Mobile 11 Apr 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4327
USAM
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_19623 Baldwin 3 May 1969 Moore, Harold D.
175-69
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102623 Randolph 15 May 1983 Nixon, Christopher F.
274
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000013021 Butler 06 Jun 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19403
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_48490 Montgomery 31 Jan 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4107
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
ALNHS00002557 Mobile 19 Feb 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1292
ALNHS
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013024 Conecuh 10 Jun 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16513
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0002771 Baldwin 02 Sep 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21545
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00023574 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9465
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
AMAL00017111 Shelby 29 Sep 1999 Morrow. D. Keener
824
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA000036832 Covington 12 Sep 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5255
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102625 Randolph 16 Apr 1967 Collier, Gary
s.n.
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00016171 Crenshaw 29 Dec 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14929
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102613 Chilton 16 Aug 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
3200
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00015914 Limestone 4 May 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3595
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102626 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9322
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102620 Mobile 16 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2632
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_41374 Conecuh 19 Dec 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1985
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
JSU102610 Blount 13 Oct 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
965
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
SAMF0000885 Baldwin 10 Apr 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3162
SAMF
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AMAL00002049 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2070
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008122 Mobile 28 Jun 1966 Deramus, Rebecca
D944
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000027632 Tallapoosa 20 May 2006 Barger, T. Wayne
285
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA000042020 Bullock 20 Jun 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
WLE-25
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
UNA00008234 Baldwin 30 Mar 1985 Burckhalter, Robert
310
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013020 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2070
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102628 Washington 01 Nov 1997 Higginbotham, Jerri W.
378
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_12998 Baldwin 1 May 1965 Dickens, Ray
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
UNA00056028 Covington 30 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11567
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013026 Crenshaw 27 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13230
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102615 Clay 10 Apr 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
3534
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
TROY000013034 Pike 22 Jun 1996 Holmes, Jeanese
212
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
JSU102618 Etowah 30 Oct 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
4065
JSU
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008244 Mobile _ Oct _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000039043 Pike 07 Jan 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24721
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008107 Washington 07 Oct 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
9912
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000033476 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Morrison, Derek
86
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UWAL0005114 Marengo 03 Dec 2008 England, J. Kevin
1557
UWAL
Smilax lauifolia L.
AUA_ACC_36006 Bibb 18 Sep 1979 Beckett, Scott W.
291
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
UWAL0044020 Baldwin 17 Jun 1993 Walker, M.M.
129
UWAL
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000044131 Geneva 10 Nov 2016 Byrd, Cameron
597
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00058055 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2070
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
AMAL00002050 Mobile 27 Mar 1999 Davis, A.D.
025
AMAL
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
UNA00008239 Marion 26 Mar 1987 Bowers, Frank D.
13061
UNA
Smilax laurifolia L.
TROY000013019 Baldwin 26 Dec 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16103
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_5341 Baldwin 1 May 1965 Koelling, Alfred C.
2192
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
TROY000032402 Baldwin 02 Sep 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21545
TROY
Smilax laurifolia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_1836 Lee 28 Mar 1955 Sledge, Eugene B.
AUA
Smilax Laurifolia L.
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