Smilax auriculata

Family:SMILACACEAE
Species:Smilax auriculata Walter
Common Name:Dune Greenbrier; Ear Leaf Greenbrier; Sand Bamboo
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SMAU
Plant Notes:Dune Greenbrier is a perennial native evergreen vine in the Greenbrier family (Smilacaceae). It is found in the southernmost tier of Alabama’s counties. Dune Greenbrier grows on dunes, in sandhills, in xeric longleaf pine forests, or in other areas of deep sand. It is a woody vine that twines over the soil or climbs by tendrils a few feet up shrubs and trees. Dune Greenbriar is a perennial from elongate rhizomes or short potato-like tubers. The stems are green in color, zig-zag, round in cross section, and glabrous. Older stems often become reddish-orange near the base. The stems are usually un-armed or armed with a few prickles. Leaves are alternate, evergreen, petiolate, oblong to oblong-lanceolate in outline, often with a hastate base. The leaves are entire and glabrous or minutely pubescent on the lower surface. Each leaf has 3 prominent veins. Flowers are produced in axillary umbels of 5-8 greenish-yellow flowers. The fruit is a purple-black berry that is often glaucous. Dune Greenbrier is not usually as massive or as high-climbing as other members of the family. It is also not as well armed as some other members of the family, having only scattered prickles on its stems. It resembles the more widespread Saw Greenbrier (Smilax bona-nox Linnaeus), but is a smaller plant with smaller leaves. The stalks of the fruit clusters are longer in Dune Greenbrier, and each fruit has two or three seed as opposed to one seed per fruit in Saw Greenbrier.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySMILACACEAE - Greeenbrier family
Genus Smilax
Species Smilax auriculata Walter - Dune Greenbrier; Ear Leaf Greenbrier; Sand Bamboo

Citation

Citation SMILAX AURICULATA Walter, Fl. Carol. 245. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Horry Co.: Myrtle Beach, 5 Aug 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 1169 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: BH, CA, CAS, DUKE, PH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 483. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Smilax beyrichii Smilax beyrichii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 207. 1850.  
Smilax lata Smilax lata Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 284, 1329. 1903. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Miami, 4-7 Apr 1898, Pollard & Collins 241 (holotype: NY).
Smilax maritima Smilax maritima Feay ex A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 702. 1861.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Covington, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Macon, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0031968 Geneva 08 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26331
UWAL
Smilax auriculata Walter
SAMF0000887 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 Green, LeAnne
38
SAMF
Smilax auriculata Walter
UNA00008250 Mobile 1 May 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D422
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UWAL0005121 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20212
UWAL
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UNA00008206 Baldwin 16 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
899
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UWAL0033071 Escambia 02 Jun 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27445
UWAL
Smilax auriculata Walter
AMAL00007548 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8046
AMAL
Smilax auriculata Walter
TROY000012971 Geneva 20 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17620
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
TROY000028347 Covington 17 Jun 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20768
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
UNA00008270 Baldwin 24 May 1980 L. J. Davenport
1889
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UNA00059656 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8046
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
TROY000043820 Escambia 02 Jun 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27445
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
TROY000012969 Covington 07 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14482
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
USAM000014649 Baldwin 09 Jun 1969 Robert Kral
35224
USAM
Smilax auriculata Walter
5311 Macon GRAMLICH, JIM
AUA
SMILAX AURICULATA WALTER
USAM000014648 Mobile 04 May 1968 D. L. Scott and B. E. Wofford
158
USAM
Smilax auriculata Walter
1824 Baldwin 13 MAY 1955 SLEDGE, EUGENE B.
AUA
SMILAX AURICULATA WALTER
UNA00008226 Mobile 30 Apr 1967 Rebecca Deramus
D1066
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
TROY000012968 Covington 01 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14456
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
UNA00045745 Geneva 6 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11372
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
63800 Covington 7 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14482
AUA
SMILAX AURICULATA WALTER
USAM000014647 Mobile 04 May 1968 D. L. Scott and B. E. Wofford
158
USAM
Smilax auriculata Walter
USAM000014646 Mobile 28 Apr 1967 Michael G. Lelong
3088
USAM
Smilax auriculata Walter
UWAL0037884 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3235.2
UWAL
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UNA00008231 Mobile 18 May 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
AMAL00013584 Baldwin 8 Jun 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12476
AMAL
Smilax auriculata Walter
11718 Baldwin 29 APR 1967 BARRICK, WILLIAM E.
AUA
SMILAX AURICULATA WALTER
TROY000030838 Baldwin 13 May 1955 E. B. Sledge
s.n.
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
AMAL00016542 Baldwin 18 Jun 2009 T. Wayne Barger
70
AMAL
Smilax auriculata Walter
UWAL0005120 Covington 17 Jun 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20768
UWAL
Smilax auriculata Walt.
TROY000026943 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20212
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
JSU101861 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12862
JSU
Smilax auriculata Walter
TROY000043808 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27083
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
UNA00008275 Mobile 12 May 1885 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
TROY000012970 Escambia 22 Apr 2003 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Smilax auriculata Walter
AMAL00017052 Houston 25 Sep 2008 A. R. Diamond
20212
AMAL
Smilax auriculata Walter
SAMF0000886 Mobile 27 Apr 2002 Bowles, Mollie E.
36
SAMF
Smilax auriculata Walter
1825 Baldwin 6 MAY 1956 HALL, C. W.
AUA
SMILAX AURICULATA WALTER
37752 Baldwin 15 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
758
AUA
SMILAX AURICULATA WALTER
UWAL0030845 Mobile 03 Jun 1970 Kral, R.
39607
UWAL
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UNA00008255 Mobile 21 Mar 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D26
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UWAL0033009 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27083
UWAL
Smilax auriculata Walter
UNA00047707 Covington 18 May 1997 John R. MacDonald
10571
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
UNA00008300 Mobile 23 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
989
UNA
Smilax auriculata Walt.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: