Ruppia maritima

Family:RUPPIACEAE
Species:Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
Common Name:Beaked Ditch Grass; Wigeon Grass; Duck Grass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RUMA5
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRUPPIACEAE - Ditch-Grass family
Genus Ruppia
Species Ruppia maritima Linnaeus - Beaked Ditch Grass; Wigeon Grass; Duck Grass

Citation

Citation RUPPIA MARITIMA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 127. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: "Buccaferrea", without data (lectotype: Micheli, Nov. Pl. Gen. t. 35. 1729). Lectotypified by Setchell, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4. 25: 470. 1946.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ruppia brachypus Ruppia brachypus J. Gay, in Cosson, Notes Pl. Crit. 1: 10. 1849 ("1848"). FRANCE
Ruppia intermedia Ruppia intermedia Thedenius, Bot. Not. 1886: 83. 1887.  
Ruppia maritima subsp. brachypus Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, subsp. brachypus (J. Gay) Schlegel, in Hartman, Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 12. 57. 1889.Ruppia brachypus J. Gay 1849. 
Ruppia maritima subsp. brevirostris Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, subsp. brevirostris (Agardh) Briquet, Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 57. 1910.Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. brevirostris Agardh 1823. 
Ruppia maritima subsp. rostellata Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, subsp. rostellata (W. D. J. Koch ex Reichenbach) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 356. 1897.Ruppia rostellata W. D. J. Koch ex Reichenbach 1824. 
Ruppia maritima var. brachypus Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. brachypus (J. Gay) Garcke, [CITATION?]Ruppia brachypus J. Gay 1849. 
Ruppia maritima var. brevirostris Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. brevirostris Agardh, Physiogr. Saellsk. Arsberaett. 6: 37. 1823.  
Ruppia maritima var. exigua Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. exigua Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 16: 127, pl. 110(19-20). 1914. CANADA: Newfoundland: Norris Arm, 21 Aug 1911, Fernald & Wiegand 4497 (holotype: GH)
Ruppia maritima var. intermedia Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. intermedia (Thedenius) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 358. 1897.Ruppia intermedia Thedenius 1887. 
Ruppia maritima var. minor Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. minor Mertens & W. D. J. Koch, in Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3. 1: 861. 1823.  
Ruppia maritima var. obliqua Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. obliqua (Schur ex Grisebach & Schenk) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 356. 1897.Ruppia obliqua Schur ex Grisesbach & Schenk 1852. 
Ruppia maritima var. onondagensis Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. onondagensis Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 16: 126, pl. 110(15-16). 1914. NEW YORK: Onondaga Co.: Onondaga Lake, 1864, Paine s.n. (holotype: GH).
Ruppia maritima var. recta Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. recta Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 43. 1827.  
Ruppia maritima var. subcapitata Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. subcapitata Fernald & Wiegand, Rhodora 16: 126, pl. 110(17-18). 1914. MASSACHUSETTS: Dukes Co.: Hadley Harbor, Naushon Island, Jul 1911, Duggar s.n. (holotype: GH).
Ruppia obliqua Ruppia obliqua Schur ex Grisebach & Schenk, Arch. Naturgesch. 18(1): :355. 1852.  
Ruppia rostellata Ruppia rostellata W. D. J. Koch ex Reichenbach, Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 2: 66, t. 174(306). 1824.  
Ruppia rostellata var. brachypus Ruppia rostellata W. D. J. Koch ex Reichenbach, var. brachypus (J. Gay) Marsson, Fl. Neu-Vorpommern 498. 1869.Ruppia rostellata J. Gay 1849. 
Ruppia transsilvanica Ruppia transsilvanica Schur, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 356. 1860. ROMANIA
Ruppia maritima var. longipes Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. longipes Hagström, Bot. Not. 1911: 138. 1911.  
Ruppia maritima var. rostrata Ruppia maritima Linnaeus, var. rostrata Agardh, Physiogr. Saellsk. Arsberaett. 6: 37. 1823.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Mobile

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1879 - 1977

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00035632 Mobile 04 Jul 1879 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ruppia maritima L.
UWAL0035798 Mobile 05 Jul 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2630
UWAL
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
USAM000014085 Mobile 12 Jun 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11143B
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
USAM000014082 Baldwin 15 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11514
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
UNA00035640 Mobile 08 Oct 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
198
UNA
Ruppia maritima L.
ALNHS00003549 Baldwin 28 Aug 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1979
ALNHS
Ruppia maritima L.
USAM000014080 Baldwin 15 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11514
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
USAM000014084 Baldwin 27 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11584
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
USAM000014081 Baldwin 15 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11514
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
USAM000014083 Mobile 21 Nov 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8924
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
UWAL0043650 Baldwin 18 Sep 2009 Larsen, Harry S.
1709
UWAL
Ruppia maritima L.
USAM000014086 Baldwin 15 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11514
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
UWAL0043651 Baldwin 12 Jun 1993 Burkhalter, James R.
88
UWAL
Ruppia maritima L.
ALNHS00004190 Baldwin 26 Aug 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2593
ALNHS
Ruppia maritima L.
USAM000014079 Baldwin 15 Sep 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11514
USAM
Ruppia maritima Linnaeus
ALNHS00004190 Baldwin 26 Aug 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2593
ALNHS
Ruppia maritima L.
UNA00035633 Mobile 26 Mar 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6066
UNA
Ruppia maritima L.
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