Anthemis cotula

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
Common Name:Stinking Chamomile; Stinking Mayweed; Dog Fennel
Habitat:Disturbed sites.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Stinking Chamomile is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is native to Europe and Northern Africa. In Alabama, it can be found state wide. Stinking Chamomile occurs in pastures, on roadsides, and on vacant lots. It is an annual with a taproot. All parts of the plant produce an unpleasant odor when injured. Stems are 1-3 feet in height, branched from the base (usually) and green in color. The stems are glabrous or pubescent and gland dotted. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and 1-2 pinnately lobed. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads have 10-15 white ray flowers and 50-100 yellow disc flowers. The fruit is an achene. Stinking Chamomile is related to and resembles Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile). They were once placed in the same genus. Stinking Chamomile is toxic and the plant can cause dermatitis, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, other allergic reactions, and death. It is avoided by cattle and horses, and can become quite abundant in over grazed pastures.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACU+ (NWI), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Anthemis
Species Anthemis cotula Linnaeus - Stinking Chamomile; Stinking Mayweed; Dog Fennel

Citation

Citation ANTHEMIS COTULA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 894. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Gerber s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1016.16). Lectotypified by Yavin, Israel J. Bot. 19: 145. 1970.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anthemis antiochia Anthemis antiochia Eiger, Palestine J. Bot., Rehovot Ser. 2: 200. 1938. SYRIA
Anthemis cotula subsp. psorosperma Anthemis cotula Linnaeus, subsp. psorosperma (Tenore) Arcangeli, [Citation?]Anthemis psorosperma Tenore 1832. 
Anthemis cotula-foetida Anthemis cotula-foetida Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 300. 1766, nom. illegit.Anthemis cotula Linnaeus 1753. 
Anthemis foetida Anthemis foetida Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 2: 164. 1779 ("1778"), nom. illegit.Anthemis cotula Linnaeus 1753. 
Anthemis psorosperma Anthemis psorosperma Tenore, Relaz. Viagg. Abruzzo 128. 1832. ITALY
Chamaemelum cotula Chamaemelum cotula (Linnaeus) Allioni, Fl. Pedem. 1: 186. 1785.Anthemis cotula Linnaeus 1753. 
Chamaemelum foetidum Chamaemelum foetidum Baumgartner, Enum. Stirp. Trannsilv. 3: 144. 1817, nom. illegit.Anthemis foetida Lamarck 1779, nom. illegit.; Anthemis cotula Linnaeus 1753. 
Maruta cotula var. lithuanica Maruta cotula (Linnaeus) de Candolle, var. lithuanica de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 13. 1838. LITHUANIA
Maruta foetida Maruta foetida Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 456. 1821, nom. illegit.Anthemis foetida Lamarck 1779, nom. illegit.; Anthemis cotula Linnaeus 1753. 
Maruta vulgaris Maruta vulgaris Bluff & Fingerhut, in Bluff et al., Comp. Fl. German., ed. alt. 2: 392. 1838, nom. illegit.Anthemis cotula Linnaeus 1753. 
Maruta cotula Maruta cotula (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 13. 1838.Anthemis cotula Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Covington, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000001696 Baldwin 23 May 1970 Michel G. Lelong
5386
USAM
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103724 Talladega 30 May 1973 R. D. Whetstone
925
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
TROY000001392 Covington 02 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15178
TROY
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103657 Etowah 29 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1590
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001505 DeKalb 9 JUN 1950 DAVIS, DONALD E.
157
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
AMAL00016913 Hale 20 May 2009 T. Wayne Barger
SP#85
AMAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103653 Calhoun 18 May 1972 R. D. Whetstone
46
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AMAL00002632 Calhoun 01 May 1988 Barbara Rooker
AMAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001510 Lee 15 JUN 1969 FLOYD, JR., JOHN A.
003
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103722 Talladega 30 May 1973 R. D. Whetstone
925
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UWAL0005645 Barbour 26 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21981
UWAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UNA00053869 Blount 7 Jul 1997 Brian R. Keener
227
UNA
Anthemis cotula L.
AUA000001502 Covington 8 MAY 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
UWAL0013438 Marengo 20 Apr 2013 England, J. Kevin
4142
UWAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103652 Calhoun 15 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11305
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UWAL0047058 Autauga 11 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
784
UWAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001506 Franklin 3 JUL 1972 POUNDERS, C. T.
108
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
AUA000001513 Lee 23 JUN 1972 HYBART, MICHAEL G.
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103654 Calhoun 29 May 1954 Gerald A. Poore
s.n.
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001518 Tallapoosa 16 MAY 1978 THOMAS, J.
137
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
UWAL0016141 Montgomery 04 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25049
UWAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103721 Marshall 24 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1832
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001504 Crenshaw 27 MAY 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9194
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
AMAL00002633 Cherokee 11 Jun 1987 C. C. Dickson
AMAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001501 Chambers 20 MAY 1967 GOLDEN, MICHAEL S.
181
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103723 Talladega 30 May 1973 R. D. Whetstone
925
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
TROY000032656 Barbour 26 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21981
TROY
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001511 Lee 18 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
AMAL00021135 Mobile 11 Jun 2013 Howard E. Horne
2262
AMAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103651 Calhoun 15 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11308
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AMAL00014700 Covington 22 Apr 2005 A. R. Diamond
15178
AMAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000027992 Washington 16 APR 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6366
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103655 Calhoun 17 May 1954 Harry Sherman
s.n.
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001519 Tallapoosa 20 JUN 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
001
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103650 Calhoun 06 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
306
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000039479 Morgan 23 Apr 2016 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
6279
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
AUA000001508 Lee 12 MAY 1920 ANONYMOUS
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
USAM000001697 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7682
USAM
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AMAL00015372 Jackson 04 Jul 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12681
AMAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001521 Wilcox 19 MAY 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
50204
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103660 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1505
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001509 Lee 25 APR 1922 WALDING, G. C.
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103649 Calhoun 26 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
586
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UWAL0000444 Marengo 16 May 1993 Harris, J.W.
s.n.
UWAL
Anthemis cotula L.
AUA000001507 Jackson 3 JUN 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34810
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
TROY000034210 Washington 16 Apr 2011 Brian R. Keener
6366
TROY
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UWAL0000443 St. Clair 12 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4625
UWAL
Anthemis cotula L.
UNA00050344 Henry 12 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11191
UNA
Anthemis cotula L.
AUA000001515 Limestone 8 JUN 1983 FLEISCHER, S. J.
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
UNA00064476 Covington 22 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15178
UNA
Anthemis cotula L.
AUA000001517 Pike 24 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8166
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
UWAL0047413 Choctaw 20 May 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10663
UWAL
Anthemis cotula L.
AUA000001520 Tallapoosa 23 MAY 1965 BROWN, JIMMY E.
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
UNA00048698 Hale 28 May 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2307
UNA
Anthemis cotula L.
TROY000014561 Butler 06 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17515
TROY
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103659 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16190
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UWAL0037918 Baldwin 27 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7682
UWAL
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
JSU103656 Cleburne 15 Jun 1969 Peggy Cobb
s.n.
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
TROY000014696 Crenshaw 21 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19311
TROY
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001503 Covington 22 APR 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15178
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
TROY000016983 St. Clair 12 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4625
TROY
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
AUA000001512 Lee 8 MAY 1969 BARNES, W. K.
100
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
UNA00044844 Clarke 25 May 1852 Dr. T. Denny
s.n.
UNA
Anthemis cotula L.
AUA000001516 Morgan 6 MAR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34881
AUA
ANTHEMIS COTULA L.
JSU103658 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16171
JSU
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UWAL0003104 Washington 16 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6366
UWAL
Anthemis cotula L.
TROY000038984 Montgomery 04 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25049
TROY
Anthemis cotula Linnaeus
UNA00050343 Houston 30 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
11094
UNA
Anthemis cotula L.
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